Unfortunately, the otitis It can affect our pets. Therefore, today we are going to talk about the otitis in cats, so you can know their symptoms and treatments and help your cat if he is in that unpleasant situation.
What is otitis?
When we talk about otitis we mean a inflammation of the auricular pavilion and ear canal.
Depending on the affected area, you can talk about different otitis:
- The otitis externa It occurs if only the external canal is inflamed (from the auricular pavilion to the eardrum). It is the one that occurs most frequently, but, fortunately, it is the least serious and has easy treatment.
- The otitis media it affects the eardrum and the tympanic bulla, occurring normally when an otitis externa is aggravated.
- The internal otitis it attacks the acoustic apparatus and its symptoms are usually more severe.
Causes of otitis in cats
The Causes of otitis in cats They can be multiple, as we will see below.
- External elements that are introduced into the ear: one of the most common causes that cause feline otitis It is the introduction of foreign bodies into the cat's ear. It can be spikes, hairs, small leaves ...
- External parasites: the most frequent are the ectoparasites known as mites, but others, such as ticksThey can also cause otitis if they bite our pets.
- Blows and injuries: When a cat suffers trauma to his ear, internal wounds may appear that do not heal. These will cause the appearance of fungi and bacteria causing otitis.
- Fungi and bacteria: but fungi and bacteria not only appear around a badly healed wound. These microorganisms can be present when there is a lot of humidity (for example if your cat gets wet and does not dry well), with allergies, around the external elements that are introduced into the ear if they are not removed in time, etc.
How can I know if my cat has otitis?
Although symptom They will vary depending on the otitis and what caused it, there are some common and very recognizable:
- Redness of ears and swelling.
- Odd smell in the ears.
- Very frequent head shakes.
- Dark and abundant earwax.
- The area is scratched or rubbed a lot.
- Hearing loss.
- Otohematomas (accumulation of blood that appears in the auricular pavilion when blood capillaries rupture).
- Hair loss in the ears and other areas where it is scratched.
- From the discomfort derives a state of bad mood, pain and apathy.
Prevention and treatment of otitis in cats
It is clear that there is no better treatment for feline otitis Than to prevent it. Even so, we are going to give you a few tips to help your cat, whether he does not have it or if it is affecting him.
To start, we must Frequently observe the ears of our pets. As cats are very elusive, take advantage when you are stroking to see that it has no foreign bodies inside, earwax, hair, etc.
If there is earwax, it must be cleaned. For it We will NEVER use our sticks. There are specific drops and sprays for the ears of cats that you can find in specialized stores. Your veterinarian will recommend the best for your kitten.
If the dirt is very external, you can always take a sterile gauze and physiological serum and gently clean the area, then drying it with another clean gauze to avoid moisture and, therefore, fungi.
Similarly, when we bathe our cat, we must ensure that no water or soap enters your ears.
To do this, we can plug your ears with some cotton wool with petroleum jelly, that once finished the bath we will remove immediately and clean any rest with gauze.
Likewise, if you bathe your cat with both plugs and without them, the outer zone dries very well after finishing.
Since hygiene is very important to avoid otitis, we will not only take care to avoid it when bathing. Must brush our cat frequently, especially if it is long-haired and even cut the hair of your ears a little from time to time so that it does not enter.
Treatment of feline otitis
If despite having taken great care of your cat you notice any of the symptoms mentioned in the previous point, you should Go immediately to the vet.
The professional will take care of assess the severity and cause of otitis and recommend the appropriate treatment. It will be very important that you meet him!
For example, when otitis has been caused by an external element that has sneaked into our cat's ear, it will remove it, clean the area and recommend some topical and otic product for you to apply for a while.
On the other hand, when the cause has been fungi, a fungicide and when it comes to mites, it will prescribe for our cat some antiparasitic.
All this, usually accompanied by some kind of medicine to reduce inflation and pain. Yes, our cats have a terrible time when they have otitis. In your hands is that your cat does not suffer!