How to clean a dog's ears


Can's ears need at least one cleaning every two weeks to avoid infections and properly take care of this organ

  • Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
  • Last update: December 4, 2017

The dog's ear is the organ responsible for its extraordinary hearing ability, but also for its balance. The ear's auditory ducts become entangled to facilitate their function, although this also makes it difficult for the air that would make a natural cleaning of the ear to enter. But How to clean the dog's ears and how often? Cleaning the ears to the dog is not difficult and should be part of the usual hygiene routine, along with the dog's baths or cleaning the canine eyes. The guidelines listed below will help you perform at home proper hygiene of the important, but delicate, ears of the dog.

The ear of the dog: an extraordinary organ that must be taken care of

The dog's ear is the organ responsible for its extraordinary hearing ability. A dog can perceive sounds of up to 60,000 hertz compared to the 20,000 hertz heard by man. This explains that sounds that are not noticeable to people are, however, to the dog. And not only that. In addition, the dog distinguishes bass sounds better.

The grooming of the dog's ears is an ideal time to check if there is any disease or infection in this area

This almost perfect hearing machine is divided into three parts: the external and visible fraction, which is the dog's ear, the middle ear, which connects the ear with the deep parts and serves to protect the animal from excessive sounds, and the inner ear, a set of intricate ducts and filled cavities of liquid that gives it the ability to hear, but also to keep its balance.

How to know if the dog's ears are healthy?

He cleanliness The dog's ears is an ideal time to check if there is any disease or infection in this area. The entrance of the ear canal must have a color pale pink: is a symptom of good health. A healthy ear also does not smell bad.

The anomalous presence of wax In this part of the pavilion, on the other hand, you may be alerting that there is a medical condition. An unpleasant and intense stench from the ear area is a possible warning of an infection (canine otitis). Hearing inflammation causes itching and discomfort: the dog scratches insistently and shakes its ears abnormally. A prompt visit to the veterinarian is recommended in this case.

Cleaning the dog's ears: step by step

Once possible pathologies have been ruled out, normal hygiene of the dog's ears can be carried out.

Clean the external part, and generally hairy, the ear does not involve special difficulty. It is usually enough one towel moistened with warm water and the usual shampoo of the four-legged friend. The product is then carefully removed and the moistened blanket is dried, in its entirety, with a towel.

The nude pink part of the auditory pavilion and the portions interiors of this organ need some more attention. A gauze Clean is the right material for this toilet: the finger is covered with the gauze and the finger is inserted with extreme delicacy inside the ear, being careful not to touch the bottom. The contact of the gauze with the walls cleans the remains of wax that may have accumulated.

exist specific products to help perform the animal's hearing hygiene. "The so-called ear cleaners," explains veterinarian María López, "help the remains of wax dissolve in the product." These types of cleaners are sold with an applicator, which helps to permeate all areas of the inner ear, also the least accessible. Massage The base of the dog's ear favors that the cleaner is distributed in all corners.

The veterinarian warns that some products that, a priori, may seem harmless, are not advisable when it comes to cleaning the canine ear. It is the case of serum physiological. "The serum is harmful to the dog, since it is trapped inside the ear. The retained liquid becomes an ideal breeding ground for bacteria and other microorganisms that cause infections," says Lopez.

Big-eared dogs: cleaning once a week

The inner canals of a dog's ear form an intricate maze of twisting canals. This entanglement explains that it is not always easy for the dog to air its ducts. The cleaning task is further complicated for a dog with large ears, since its hanging canopy (ear) functions as a natural barrier to the entry of air.

That is why the animal should be helped to take care of its hearing hygiene. "Cleaning the dog's ears should be done at least once every 15 days", López explains. However, in the case of large-eared animals, which aerate their ducts worse, the frequency should double" and proceed to the toilet once a week. "

How to protect the dog's ears in the bathroom?

To protect the dog's ears, it is also advisable to take into account an added precaution when bathing: plug the passage of water and soap inside the ear canals. How to achieve it? Some cotton plugs may suffice in this task, since they help to stop the entry of product and moisture in the delicate, but extraordinary, ears of the dog.

6 tips to clean the dog's ears

The grooming of the dog's ears is an ideal time to check for possible infections (otitis).

The cleaning of the external part of the ears is done with the help of a towel dampened with warm water and the usual shampoo of the dog.

To clean the inner ear area you will need a clean gauze to roll it over your index finger.

There are special cleaning products that dilute the wax and improve dog hygiene.

Avoid using physiological serum and other products not indicated: they can get trapped in the ear canals and cause an infection.

In case of doubt or possible infection, do not hesitate to go to your veterinarian for reference.

How to clean a dog's ears

First, before cleaning our dog, we must clean ourselves! Wash your hands well before touching your ears. Find a place with good light and start. To clean a dog's ears, follow these steps:

  • Look closely at your dog's ear. How much dirt is there? Where does it accumulate the most?
  • Wrap your finger in sterile gauze and put it in your ear. Be careful not to be abrupt or get in too much, your ears are very sensitive! Choose the finger that you are going to use depending on the size of your ear: for example, the little finger if your ears are very small. If not, you could hurt him.
  • Make circular movements with care, the wax will be stuck in the gauze.
  • If when you take out the gauze you notice that it has gone dirty, take a new gauze and repeat the process until the gauze comes out completely clean. Do it in both ears, always using clean gauze for each. Do not reuse them!
  • If you don't have gauze, you can use soft toilet paper. But sterile gauze is the most recommended, in addition, they are economical. We recommend that you always have gauze for your pet's hygiene.
  • Do not use swabs! They can be dangerous. If the dog makes an abrupt movement, you could nail it and damage its eardrum. Also, do not use cotton or any material that releases fibers or can be undone inside your ear.

Can my dog's ears tell me his health status?

(Photo via: misanimals)

Sure! If when cleaning your ears you notice that it comes out more wax than normal, or darker, viscous or smelly ... It may be a sign that something is wrong. You may have a bacterial or fungal infection. Infections also cause the dog to scratch excessively or shake its ears. If any of this occurs, take it to the vet as soon as possible!

Remember the importance of using a new gauze for each ear. Otherwise, if there is a problem in one of them, you will pass it to the other. Never use drops or other products for the ears unless instructed by the veterinarian.

I know how to clean my dog's ears, but ... when should I do it?

Knowing how to clean a dog's ears is important because it is a sensitive area of ​​his body, Lack of hygiene almost guarantees that you will have problems. You should check and clean your dog's ears at least once a week.

The frequency depends on each dog, really. There are many factors that influence the amount of earwax that a dog produces, from the size of its ears to the habits and lifestyle it leads. For example, if you usually play in parks or areas where there is a lot of dust, you probably need more than one weekly cleaning. Others, on the other hand, can spend two weeks perfectly without needing cleaning.

As you know, The creation of wax is a natural resource of the body to protect the ears from dust and other external agents that can damage it. The otic cleaning consists in eliminating the excess wax that goes out and that is getting old, not trying to always have the ears 100% free of earwax. They would be unprotected!

An infallible hearing

A dog's ear can pick up sounds at frequencies that humans cannot listen by their own means, in other words, they hear sounds that humans cannot. All It is due to the unique structure that they have and at the disposal of larger auditory cells.

Depending on the race, the ear may have a variation that may affect hearing performance of the dog: the flag may or may not hang, or it can be folded in half.

¿How does it affect That the structure is one way or another? Well, in the amount of sounds it can detect. A cocker spaniel with its hanging flag cannot hear in the same way as a husky that has a pointed or stiff flag.

Further, The position of these influences the diseases that the animal can develop in these areas. If we go back to the previous examples, the cocker is prone to becoming deaf during his golden years, while the huskie may not present much variation over the years.

But if all the dog breeds have something in common, it is that they should be cleaned or paid attention from time to time to verify their health status. For many beginners, cleaning your dog's ears is something that goes unnoticed, so we seek to raise awareness about these areas of your partner.

How to clean your dog's ears

The cleaning of these areas in dogs should be done at least twice a week. The reason for this is the disease prevention that can disturb the hearing of our hairy and prevent clogging the ear canal of the animal.

Doing this activity is very simple., requiring most of the time of hydrogen peroxide, some cotton and a cloth to dry the area. It is previously recommended to have tamed the animal in case it is not accustomed to being constantly manipulated against its will.

First of all verify the external part of the animal, If you have residues of wax, dirt or any other foreign agent, it is advisable to remove it as soon as possible. If they turn out to be parasites of some kind it is essential to go to the vet to know the best way to act.

Next we check the status of the inner part of the ear, this part has a soft pink color It indicates that you are healthy. Proceed to clean the area very gently and gently with a cotton ball soaked in hydrogen peroxide or some physiological pet serum.

Slowly and with great care the alien elements are removed to the structure of the ear, always preventing them from falling into the inner ear of the dog. Try to prevent cotton I did not drip liquid into the ear because it causes discomfort to the animal.

Once the cleaning is finished, the excess moisture is dried with another cotton or gauze that may be in the area. The same process is repeated with each ear and to help in the process a prize is given to the dog for his good behavior during the process.

What happens if it is not cleaned regularly?

The ears of the dogs like those of humans secrete a natural secretion It helps prevent diseases. The problem is that this agent usually stagnates in the internal duct and obstruct the passage of sound.

If the ear is a victim of any disease, the dog can suffer a lot, as otitis or inflammation in the ears of dogs can be a big problem. It is also done to prevent it from drying out with the same liquid and becoming irritated.

Cleaning your dog's ears is something you should teach from a puppy. Remember that physical health is not only demonstrated in the pet's fur and body, every area of ​​its body must be at its maximum capacity.

How do I clean the dog's ears?

Use a clean gauze, never sticksof cotton

The ears of dogs are not the same as those of people so you should not use cotton buds for cleaning. Use a clean gauze, wrap it around your finger or a scissors with rounded tips, and clean the inner face of the ear and slightly insert the hole without deepening so as not to hurt your inner ear. We will only clean the surface and external ear to remove traces of wax or dirt.

Watch out for the bathrooms

You should clean the inner face of the ear, preventing water or soap from entering the ear canal. When wash the dog you must exercise caution in the area of ​​the ears, using a special champagne for this area and preventing water or soap from entering inside to avoid allergies and infections.

The ears of dogs are a dark and warm place that if it accumulates a lot of moisture can lead to the proliferation of bacteria. Therefore after the bath or when it has been wet when going out I know your ears very well with towel and dryer (without applying heat directly to the ear canal). If you have droopy ears you can hold them high with a hair band for Avoid retaining moisture.

In case of infection

If you notice that the dog does not let his ears be touched, that area is scratched a lot, he shakes his head or he has a lot of wax or hears his ear it's worth the vet because you may have infection or otitis. In these cases, it is convenient to maximize the hygiene and care of your ears, for this, you can help disinfect the ears cleaning the surface with a clean soaked gauze in a mixture natural of a bit of water, alcohol and vinegar.