British shorthair cat It has gained great popularity in recent years Thanks to his endearing character and beautiful fur. In fact, it is one of many people's favorite cats. We tell you everything you want to know about this cat and his life as a pet.
The most basic thing about the British shorthair cat is:
- Size: medium - large
- Life expectancy: up to 15 years
- Lifestyle: houses, families, hunting ...
Origin of the British shorthair cat
It is believed that the British shorthair cat arrived from Egypt to Scotland, where they reproduced freely for more than 2,000 years. The crosses that gave rise to the British shorthair cat we know today began in the 19th century, mixing then British cats with Persian cats.
One of the propellers of this cat breed, He presented it in London officially in 1870, although it really did not begin to be popular until the twentieth century, when Dutch and German breeders began to be interested. Nowadays, The British shorthair cat is really popular in Europe.
Characteristics of the British shorthair cat
This cat is strong, muscular and big. Although the legs are short, they are strong and capable of agilely moving their wide body. It has a large and very solid head with very marked cheeks, in which especially small ears and large round eyes stand out.
British shorthair cat its tail is quite short, although well stocked with hair. Although more than 17 different varieties of fur are known, the most widespread and known color of this breed is blue, and silver second. In all cases, it is a dense, well bushy hair with a plush texture.
British shorthair cat temperament
He is a curious cat, independent and with a great hunter instinct. He is affectionate, although he likes to spend a lot of time at his leisure and It can be something disgusting and distrustful of strangers.
It adapts very well to all types of homes, both in rural and urban settings. It is quiet, but not lazy, it will be really active and playful if the situation requires it.
Some experts believe that the personality of each British shorthair cat varies depending on its fur. The blues are attributed a stubborn character, while the silver ones are quite sentimental and the tabby especially playful.
How to care for a British shorthair cat
The care of the British shorthair cat is quite simple, It is only necessary to brush your hair with some frequency to remove dead hairs, but being short has no knot problems.
Quality food, good hygiene and daily socialization will be enough to make this cat really happy.
(Photo via: smilesdegato)
British shorthair origin
The British shorthair is considered one of the oldest feline races. Some theories suggest that it was the Roman invaders who tried to invade Britain in the first century BC. who carried the direct ancestors of the race from Egypt. These cats crossed with native cats, giving way to cats of robust constitution and dense fur.
According to different standards, it can be considered that the morphology of this breed has varied minimally over the years. However, around 1914 and 1918, according to TICA (The International Cat Association), this breed was crossed with Persian cats to obtain The long-haired variety: the British Longhair.
At first the British shorthair, also known as "blue shorthair"It consisted of two distinct types: the robust round head and the elongated triangular head. Both were crossed before finally separating into two different races: British Shorthair and Russian Blue.
The arrival of the Second World War It greatly affected the breed, which reduced the breeding and a large part of the feline population belonging to this breed was lost. Therefore, once the war was over, breeders used Russian blue cats, Persians and others to resume breeding. In 1970 the British shorthair had achieved the same recognition as his closest relative, the American shorthair in the GFA and TICA, both feline race organizations.
Physical characteristics of british shorthair
The british shorthair is a compact, powerful and balanced cat. It has a deep body, a broad chest and medium-sized short legs. The tail is thick at the base with the rounded tip. The head is round, showing a certain width between both ears. The cheeks are round, large and open.
The females, slightly less coarse than males, which have a larger chin. These details can be seen when the cat reaches sexual maturity and full development, around 3 or 5 years of life.
British shorthair fur is short, very dense, glued and firm to the touch, shiny in appearance. Contrary to what it may seem, this breed does not have a double layer or internal lanilla. The british shorthair colors They are:
- White: pure white, with yellowish touches. The eyes in this color can be deep sapphire, blue, gold or copper and the nose and the amohadillas are pink.
- Black: full black, from the root, without white fur. The eyes of this fur can be golden or copper and the nose pads are black.
- blue: is the most characteristic and popular color of the breed. It can be light blue or medium, without markings of other colors. The eyes will be golden or copper.
- Red: deep red, without white marks. The eyes will be golden or copper.
- Cream: always in light tones, the eyes will be golden or copper.
- Smoked: different gray tones are accepted.
The cat can reach a adult weight between 4 and 8 kilograms of weight.
British shorthair character
The British shorthair stands out for being a cat sociable, affectionate and friendly. This is a feline that especially appreciates the love and affection that its owners provide, because usually very attached, loyal and devout. In addition, the British shorthair loves to convey a cheerful and spontaneous character, so we will enjoy even in his adult stage a cat "cahorro".
They are usually quiet, silent and discreet, so they tend to fit perfectly with other cats, dogs and even small pets, provided they are properly socialized in their puppy stage. Too gets along with children, for his affable and funny character, although it is likely that at mid-game he will retire to rest peacefully in his fluffy bed.
The British shorthair or British shorthair cat is a breed that does not require excessive care. However, following our advice will help you keep him happy, careful and with an enviable coat:
- Facial Cleansing: it is important that on a regular basis (and whenever necessary) we clean with the help of a diluted gauze of diluted chlorhexidine, serum and even with chamomile, tear and any dirt that may remain in the cat's mouth. From 8 - 10 years is when we begin to observe a greater accumulation of dirt.
- Mouth cleaning: As with humans, the definitive denture of cats is not replaceable, so it is important to take care of it as it deserves. It will be indicated to start cleaning your teeth from your puppy stage to properly habituate and allow us to carry out this ritual. We can do it 2 to 5 times a week.
- Ear cleaning: The ears are an area of the body that tends to accumulate a lot of dirt. Although in principle it is not necessary to clean the auditory pavilion, it would be advisable to pass a gauze from time to time to be able to detect the presence of mites if there were any.
- Nail cutting: cats do not need to trim their nails, file them themselves in the scraper we have provided them. However, some cats, whether due to old age or illness, may stop doing so. It is important to know how to properly cut a cat's nails so as not to harm him.
- Bathroom: As with nail cutting, cats do not need to be bathed, they clean themselves. We only have to do it in case of suffering a parasitic infestation or being really dirty.
- Brushing: to maintain a beautiful coat, without dirt and without dead hair it will be essential to brush the cat on a regular basis. We can do it 2 to 3 times a week.
Do not forget that for your British shorthair to be happy you will need some basic elements in your home, such as a comfortable and fluffy bed for sleeping, various toys and accessories to play, feline residences, scrapers and a nest.
About feeding, it will be essential to look for a complete and quality food. We recommend not leaving food ad libitum, that is, always available, as we can uncontrol the amounts and be promoting obesity without realizing it. The most appropriate option will be to offer the recommended daily amount in your bowl once a day.
British shorthair education
Feline language learning, hygienic habits, sharpen nails or the natural behavior of the species, is something that the pups learn from their parent, so it is so important to know when to separate the kittens from their mother. From 2 weeks of age and up to 2 months the cat must remain with his mother and siblings, in order to learn everything he will need to know in his adult stage.
In addition, during this period the socialization of the cat is carried out, a process in which the little one should be accustomed to the presence of other cats, animals, people and environments, is essential to prevent fears or behavioral problems in their adult stage .
British shorthair health
As with virtually all races, the British shorthair is susceptible to certain hereditary diseases. Here are the most common:
It is important to visit the veterinarian every 6 or 12 months to avoid and prevent certain diseases. It will also be necessary to strictly follow the vaccination schedule and internal and external deworming.
Life expectancy: 7 - 12 years
Tendency to lose hair: moderate
Length: short, medium
Colors: white, blue, black, cream, red, brown, silver, cameo (red chinchilla), cream blue, turtle shell, torbie (tricolor tabby), smoke (smoke), shaded (shaded)
Pattern: solid, turtle shell, bicolor, tricolor / calico, tabby (tabby), smoke (smoke), shaded (shaded)
Little allergenic: no
Need for general hygiene: moderate, high
Recognition of feline associations:
CFA, ACFA, FIFe, TICA
Frequency: More or less frequent
The British shorthair is a very strong cat of medium to large size. He has a lot of muscles and robust bones. Its appearance is rounded and thick.
Being a strong cat, all components of this breed must be well developed. The British shorthair has a wide chest, a muscular neck, strong jaws and a well developed snout. The legs are thick and strong. This breed maintains its original appearance, that of a cat that had to keep rodents away from the barn and the house.
British hair is thick and dense and in winter it becomes longer and thicker. The texture of the hair is relatively hard, since its function is to protect the cat.
When holding a Briton in his arms, you should always hold his backside. The back end should not be passed over the abdomen, since in that posture you may feel uncomfortable and insecure.
The British shorthair is a very nice cat as a companion. It is easy and quiet, it is also an extremely faithful and affectionate cat and will always stick to all family members.
Although he loves to play, he doesn't need to be paid attention at all times. If you feel like playing, he will look for someone and bring him a toy. The Brit also plays well alone, so he is a good companion for people living alone.
It is a muscular cat, so it is necessary to monitor its feeding closely. Despite its robust bones and muscles, you should make sure that it maintains an adequate weight and that it is always in shape. You must practice exercise properly, interactive play may be necessary to keep this breed in good shape.
The British will play when he wants to play and will look for a toy or one will be made from anything if he does not find any cat toy.
Daily brushing is important, especially in seasonal changes, when the fur becomes thick or thin. Even this short-haired cat can get knots in the hair if you don't brush it regularly.
Tolerates well being alone. He is affectionate, but he also spends time sleeping in the sun. The Briton, an easy-to-care cat, is a calm and wonderful companion.
The British shorthair, originally from the farms and streets of the United Kingdom, is also considered the first cat of cat lovers. The "father" of this breed is Harrison Weir, apparently the first professional cat breeder. He is known in the history of breeders as "the father of cat lovers." In addition to being the first professional breeder, he was also the one who set the standards for the first feline exhibition, held in the United Kingdom in 1871.
As if that weren't enough, Harrison left the humble stray cat in the United Kingdom and, through an intensive breeding program, transformed him into the pedigree breed he baptized as "the British." The British fell in love with their new breed with pedigree. When the Persian arrived in the country, he immediately uprooted the British as the most popular breed temporarily. During the Second World War, as in the First, the short-haired Briton decimated, although he always resurfaced leading the popularity rankings. Today, it is a breed recognized by feline records from around the world. There was a time when he was called "the British Blue", however, when presented in various colors, today he is known as the "British or the" British shorthair ".