Homemade dog food recipes with kidney failure


Kidney failure in dogs is a relatively common health problem, especially in individuals with advanced age, although it can also appear in young dogs that have a serious pathology, such as leishmaniasis in dogs. The disease can affect a single kidney or both, as well as manifest suddenly, acute or chronic. It appears when the excretory system is not able to properly filter the blood and remove waste substances.

These animals will need regular veterinary monitoring, receive specialized pharmacology and adapt their diet, which must also be of high quality. Although in ExpertAnimal we have already commented in a general way about how a dog with renal insufficiency should be, in this article we will talk about the homemade diet for kidney failure of the dog.

Home feeding precautions for dogs with kidney failure

Before starting, it will be essential to note that Only the veterinarian can prescribe a homemade diet For our dog, especially if we talk about a dog that has serious health problems, such as a case of kidney failure. In no case we will elaborate long-term diets without having veterinary knowledge or the approval of the specialist that follows the evolution of our dog.

The foods that we will include in the homemade diet for dogs with renal insufficiency should be carefully selectedIn addition, they must adapt to the individual, taking into account their state of health, age, weight or level of physical activity among others. Not paying attention to these details can cause the kidney disease to get worse, in addition to the appearance of nutritional deficiencies in the dog

If you do not have time or money to visit a veterinarian specializing in nutrition we recommend that you bet on a renal feed for dogs of veterinary prescription. In the market you will find several brands that offer this type of product. However, it is very likely that the specialist in your case recommends you alternate this type of food with specific wet food for dogs with renal insufficiency or punctual homemade diets, which we will offer only occasionally.

Basic rules for feeding dogs with kidney failure

The veterinarian will guide you so that you know how to approach the homemade diet for dogs with kidney failure, however, we want to remind you of some of the basic and essential rules that we must take into account when our dog has kidney disease:

  • Hydration: A dog with kidney problems needs to drink much more water to be able to eliminate the same amount of toxins as a healthy dog. This point is very important to keep in mind, so you should never lack water at your fingertips. In the most severe cases of dehydration, serum should be administered orally, subcutaneously or intravenously. Also, considering that you will drink more water, we must offer you more opportunities to urinate, taking more walks, even if they are shorter.
  • Wet food: unlike dry feed, homemade food and wet food offer a greater supply of water, so it is usually more beneficial for kidney failure. Likewise, it is considered a more palatable food, that is, more palatable, which will improve your mood.
  • Avoid salt: Although we must never offer food to our dog with salt, in the case of dogs with renal insufficiency this is a condiment that must be totally restricted. It can cause very severe damage to your body such as vomiting, diarrhea, fluid retention, excessive thirst, kidney damage and mild poisoning.
  • Reduce protein intake: in cases of kidney disease the protein intake should be smaller, however, it will be essential that the proteins provided are of high quality.
  • Avoid the match: As with protein, phosphorus damages the kidney and can cause it to accumulate scar tissue. We must avoid eating any food that contains it.
  • Increase lipid intake: It is very common for dogs with kidney failure to suffer from lack of appetite, so it is important to increase the consumption of lipids as much as possible, yes, as with proteins we must always offer healthy fat.

Homemade diet ingredients for dogs with kidney failure

Then we will mention some foods that we can use for the elaboration of our homemade diet for dogs with renal insufficiency. We have selected a variety of meat and fish, fruits and vegetables and some extra that can also be beneficial. Remember that these ingredients are offered in concrete quantities, taking into account the appropriate proportion required by each individual. All this must be indicated by our trusted veterinarian.

Fruits and vegetables for dogs with kidney failure

There are many fruits and vegetables recommended for dogs that we can include in the homemade diet for kidney failure of the dog, which will help us offer healthy amounts of fiber, water, vitamins and minerals. Some of them can be:

  • Cucumber
  • Peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Jewish
  • Green peas
  • Turnip
  • Radish
  • Zucchini
  • Cauliflower
  • Carrot
  • Pear
  • Apple
  • Watermelon
  • Peach

Vitamins for dogs with kidney failure

Some dogs have deficiencies of certain vitamins or minerals, caused directly by kidney failure. In these cases our veterinarian will explain how we can supplement these deficiencies. The use of multivitamins or supplements present in the meal are some options.

Dogs with kidney failure experience high levels of blood phosphorus, which decreases their calcium intake. Likewise, they should also receive an extra good fat recommended for dogs. Thus, some examples to enrich your diet can be:

  • Fish oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Virgin olive oil
  • White rice coc>

1. Recipe for dogs with renal meat insufficiency

Here is an example of a recipe for dogs with kidney failure, in this case we have chosen beef, however, you can substitute some of the aforementioned:


  • 60 gr of white rice
  • 75 gr of beef
  • 15 gr of carrots
  • 15 gr broccoli
  • 1 gr of calcium carbonate
  • 1 teaspoon olive oil


  1. Add water to the fire and when it starts to boil add the rice. The approximate cooking time is 20 minutes, so while it starts to cook, we will move forward with the rest of the ingredients.
  2. Clean and cut vegetables, meat and liver into small cubes.
  3. Halfway through cooking, after 10 minutes, bring the vegetables to a boil. We will add the meat and liver only 5 minutes before putting out the fire.
  4. Once all is cooked, the only thing we need is to strain the ingredients (avoid the white foam that may have been general), add the calcium carbonate (you can also use crushed eggshell) and let the whole set cool.
  5. You can finish with a small teaspoon of extra virgin olive oil.

2. Recipe for dogs with fish kidney failure

To prepare this example of a recipe for dogs with renal insufficiency we have used anchovies, however, as in the previous case, you can substitute the ingredients for others:


  • 60 gr of white rice
  • 75 gr of anchovies
  • 20 gr cabbage
  • 10 gr of apple
  • 1 gr of calcium carbonate
  • 1 teaspoon salmon oil


  1. Boil water and once it boils add the rice. Remember that the cooking time is 20 minutes. Meanwhile, we will prepare the other ingredients.
  2. Clean and chop the hake, eggplant and pear into small cubes.
  3. After 5 minutes, add the vegetables and hake.
  4. At the end, remember to strain the ingredients and add the calcium carbonate and the teaspoon of salmon oil, they love it!

Homemade food for dogs with kidney failure

Kidney failure in dogs it requires a specific treatment to solve it, or at least to make the dog's quality of life the best possible if the insufficiency is chronic. Food is essential so that your urinary system can recover its healthy and normal state.

First, what kind of food can a dog with insufficiency problems take? To begin, you will have to reduce the protein intake of your diet, so meat and fish will be taken to a lesser extent. But this does not mean that you have to eliminate them altogether! In moderation, homemade food for dogs with kidney failure may include chicken, veal, liver, pork, lamb, monkfish, hake, egg white and sea bass.

Fruits and vegetables are also very important, as they provide vitamins, minerals and help the dog to hydrate. Of course, you should always give them peeled and, if they have seeds or bone, also remove them. Some of them are zucchini, cucumber, cabbage, turnip, eggplant, peppers, beans, cauliflower, carrot, peach, pear, watermelon, apple ...

In addition, as a nutritional supplement you can add olive oil, calcium carbonate or crushed eggshell, white rice ... Also It is interesting to consult the veterinarian about possible nutritional supplements that could be good for your dog. The important thing is that it is a balanced and varied diet, you should not eat the same thing every day!

Dog with renal insufficiency: disease characteristics

Renal failure It causes the kidneys not to perform their full function, which has multiple consequences for the body, since the kidney is the filter that our body has for the various blood toxins and waste products.

Though renal failure can be for multiple reasons, such as circulatory problems or toxinsThe truth is that the dog with the most common renal failure is the elderly dog. Usually, this is affected chronically due to kidney wear and other diseases such as hypertension or diabetes.

The good thing is that having two kidneys, in a dog with kidney failure the loss of renal functionality is usually compensated, although it must be supported by proper nutrition so as not to reach a point of no return in renal impairment.

Dog with kidney failure: consequences, diagnosis and treatment

A dog with kidney failure will have poorly concentrated urine, thirst and even weight lossWell, they often eat little. They may have other more severe symptoms, such as vomiting and ammonia breath, so it is sometimes confused with urinary infections with which it can be related.

Of course, the first thing to suspect of having a dog with kidney failure is to go to the veterinarian, who will give us the appropriate steps to follow, which begin with the proper diagnosis of the disease through blood tests.

Although fluid rehydration, dialysis or even transplants are options for renal failure, the truth is that in most cases in which we have a dog with renal insufficiency, the feeding of these animals should be changed to reduce pressure on the kidney.

Recipe of rice with liver and meat

  • 60 gr of white rice
  • 15 gr broccoli
  • 75 gr of beef and liver
  • 15 gr of carrot
  • 1 gr of calcium carbonate or ground eggshell

  1. Cook the rice in unsalted water.
  2. Cut the meat, liver and vegetables into very small cubes and cook them too. It can be together with rice or separately. Meat and liver need only 5 minutes of cooking.
  3. Mix everything and add the calcium carbonate or crushed egg shell.

Ready! You can separate it by portions, freeze it and take it out for convenience.

Dog with renal insufficiency: recommended diet

Given the The diet is one of the most important phases to treat a dog with kidney failure, it is advisable to dedicate part of this text to make clear a series of guidelines to control the nutrition of the sick animal.

This diet should allow proper hydration, both through wet food and through water, and special care should be taken with minerals such as sodium and phosphorus, and nutritional elements such as proteins: all must be limited, although in the case of proteins they are more than necessary, so they must be of high quality.

As for commercial feed, there are several commercial houses, in many cases designed for elderly animals. Another option is to make homemade diets with the guidelines given to us by the veterinarian.

It's important pointing that You should never salt your food and should be low in phosphorus, so we should not offer liver, fish, cheese, dairy or legumes to our pet. Boiled rice and meat such as chicken can be a great choice as long as they are part of the diet our vet does, and even the egg: we look for quality proteins that allow the kidney to work.

It is important not to opt for non-formulated feed for this pathology: Many times the feed has poor quality proteins, which do not even come from meat and can greatly worsen the kidneys of the dog with kidney failure. Attending to the advice of professionals and the nutrition of our pet will allow it to live for many years even if its kidneys are compromised.

Graduated in Veterinary by University of Leon (2018). Specialization in Biology and Primate Behavior (Wildlife Biology) by the Girona University.

He has participated in different courses and conferences:

  • XVIII AVAFES-Zaragoza Conference on Primatology of the Association AVAFES-Zaragoza (2014-2015).
  • VI Cycle of Conferences of the Exotic and Wild Fauna of the Association AVAFES-León (2014-2015).
  • International Days of Wildlife Pathology organized by the AVAFES León Association (May 2016).
  • X Theoretical-Practical Course of Primatology: the Communication in Primates at Rainfer Primate Rescue Center (April, 2017).
  • III Course of Hurones Clinic of the AVAFES-León Association (2014-2015).
  • Course "Biodiversity Crisis, conservation and threatened species ”of La Jurbial Environmental Services and University of León.
  • Course "Wildlife Animal Welfare in Captivity”Organized by Avafes León (February 2017).
  • MOOC course of “Environmental Challenges in a changing world" of the university of Navarra (December 2016).
  • MOOC course of “Cognition and canine emotion" of the Duke University (February 2017).
  • MOOC course of “Introduction to Conservation" from United for Wildlife (2015).

Eugenio Fernández Suárez is veterinarian with experience in wildlife management and with special emphasis on primates. He has collaborated with various sanctuaries and reception centers of fauna in Spain, and has special interest in the animal behavior, animal welfare and both scientific and environmental dissemination, through various projects. Volunteer inThe Forest Zoo (Oviedo).

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Rice and fish and vegetable recipe

  • 60 gr of rice
  • 10 gr pear
  • 75 gr hake
  • 20 gr of eggplant
  • 1 gr of calcium carbonate or ground eggshell

  • Cook the rice in unsalted water.
  • Chop hake, pear and eggplant into small cubes and add to cooking.
  • When finished cooking, strain it if there are traces of water left and add the calcium carbonate or eggshell.

You can Let it cool completely before giving it to your dog or giving it warm. Freeze what is left over and you can take it out as needed.

Remember! You should always give this special diet under the supervision of your veterinarian! Further, It will help you make plans to organize your dog's diet and make it as varied and balanced as possible.