Tips to take care of your dog's teeth


Dental cleaning of your dog is essential in your day to day. In our hands is the prevent your pains while chewing a bone, avoid eating digestion disorders, alterations in the heart valves or heart problems, infections that could be really serious in organs such as the kidneys, avoid bad breath as a result of oral infection, etc. A simple gesture, a few minutes of our time can be of great help.

Sometimes those cares toothpaste is not enough or brush and therefore it is recommended once a year to go to the veterinarian and it is he who decides if our dog needs a more thorough cleaning. As we say, caring for your mouth influences your general condition and can improve it. On the contrary, carelessness and lack of attention to your dental health can have fatal consequences. There are veterinary centers that offer canine oral hygiene campaigns and offers such as the La Salut Veterinary Center in Barcelona (93 2105702), the Cruz Indoor Veterinary Hospital in Valencia (96 3786830), El Olfato (91 8482058) or The Veterinary Center Victor de la Serna (91 4150972). All veterinarians consulted on this matter recommend doing a mouth cleaning after 8 years and, later every 2, depending on the discretion of the doctor and the state in which the mouth of the animal is.

Milk teeth

The puppies have 28 teeth, of milk. When they arrive at adulthood are 42: six incisors, two canines, eight premolars (in the lower and upper jaw), four molars in the upper jaw and six in the lower. Puppies change their teeth between 5 and 9 months of age but, unlike what happens in children during this period of change of milk teeth for definitive ones, in the case of dogs this process goes unnoticed, since in many occasions the puppy swallow the part to be replaced. During the first year of life your puppy faces great changes inside its mouth, being the change of teeth one of the main discomforts.

From the first two or three weeks of age, baby teeth they start coming out through the gums, starting with the incisors, followed by the canine teeth and finally the premolars. All baby teeth should be in their respective place around eight weeks of age. During the time of molting the roots of the milk teeth begin to reabsorb and begin to loosen and fall off. This leaves a space for permanent teeth to begin to sprout normally. As with milk teeth, permanent incisors are the first to enter, followed by canine teeth and premolars. The last teeth to appear in adults as a whole are the molars. Puppies have no molars, so there are fewer baby teeth. There are many ways to help a puppy in the teething process. In the image and similarity that in humans from the first moment you have to control the evolution of your teeth. The observation It is the best form of prevention of major evils. Any milk tooth that does not fall or resists it can give way to the so-called "retained milk teeth" or have two teeth in a space intended for one are only a few cases. How to know when dogs change teeth? This process, in general, usually goes unnoticed by humans, the warning sign of that "dental change" in dogs because they tend to bite more frequently any object they encounter.

Brush and paste

Dogs need to get used to tooth brushing very gradually, and you have to make sure that learn to enjoy the experience. Each dog is unique and the training must adapt to its pace. Care must be taken when inserting fingers in the dog's mouth. It is not advisable to do it in aggressive dogs or dogs with a tendency to bite. As in the case of the bathroom, a good first experience is a reason to do things correctly. We must arm ourselves with patience and calmly and without nerves we can achieve our goal. The animal should take it as a game and never as a punishment. Here are some tricks. Each stage lasts at least five minutes and must be repeated for five days before moving on to the next stage. Eye the paste to be used should not be for human use in pet stores and large areas are found as Pasta Trixie (€ 2.15) or Dentican toothpaste Spray (€ 6.19). The brushes can be found as a SET that includes dental massager Yes! PH (€ 2.99) or the Trixie dental hygiene set (€ 4.99).

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As with humans, your dog's teeth deteriorate over time if they do not receive the necessary care, which leads to appearance of bad breath, plaque and tartarIn addition to running the risk of the dog's teeth splintering or developing some infections, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. These diseases cause discomfort and aggressiveness in your furry friend, as well as putting his life at risk.

Surely you will be wondering why dogs need to take care of their teeth if, in theory, they are animals capable of living in the wild. However, you should keep in mind that this was the case in the past, when a diet based on raw meat, bone and cartilage kept the dog's teeth healthy and strong, while with domestication and food offered at home they have emerged. other problems.

Usually, the medium-sized, large and giant dog begins to suffer from tartar and plaque from 3 years old, while the can toy or small usually begins to develop it before. In either case, implementing an early hygiene routine is crucial to avoid this type of inconvenience.

Maintain the dental hygiene of the dog

There are different options you have to take care of your dog's teeth, and it is necessary to use more than one to achieve proper hygiene and thus, take care of your dog's teeth:

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Introduction of dog toothbrush

• Prepare the brush with water and toothpaste

• Let the dog lick some brush paste

• Gently hold the dog's snout to stop licking

• Begin to gently brush only the fangs, with vertical movements and with the Angle toothbrush towards the gum line, bring the brush from the gum to the end of the tooth

• At this stage, avoid brushing the incisors as these constitute the most sensitive area of ​​the mouth

Creating habits

No dog, in principle, would like you to try to put your fingers in his mouth, therein lies the importance of accustom the dog to the brushing routine from puppy. Your puppy's teeth will not appear completely until he is about 6 or 8 months old, but brushing training can begin earlier.

From small and for about 5 minutes every day, try to accustom your puppy to manipulate his mouth, delicately introducing your fingers and rubbing his teeth gently. It will annoy you, but soon you will feel it as normal.

When the denture is complete, you can start with a soft bristle brush. If your dog is already an adult it will take a little longer to get used to this, but don't give up and be patient.

General recommendations for cu>

In addition to the above tips to take care of your dog's teeth, we advise you to keep the following recommendations in mind:

  • Always use a soft bristle brush made for dogs. Remember to change it when necessary.
  • Never use toothpaste for humans, because the high contains>

If you want to read more articles similar to Tips to take care of your dog's teeth, we recommend that you enter our Dental Hygiene section.

Get adult teeth

Most puppies lose their baby teeth between three and six months and during this time they have to live with some discomfort, many like those of babies when they are teething. Chewing is a way for your dog to relieve pain, so try to offer him chew toys, which can help.

When your puppy reaches six months, his 28 baby teeth should be replaced by a complete set of 42 adult teeth. During one of the puppy's regular checkups, your veterinarian will verify that all baby teeth have fallen and adult teeth replace them.

Cu> Like us, dogs have the same plaque and tartar problems caused by bacteria that can lead to halitosis, tooth loss, difficulty eating and other potentially serious conditions for gum health. and bad breath The plaque is a soft, cream-colored reservoir that forms on the teeth and below the gum line. It becomes tartar when the minerals in the animal's saliva come into contact with the plaque.

The best way to avoid dental diseases is to prevent them, as easy as that. Preventive measures taken at home are vital to ensure that your dog has healthy teeth.

3 D Dental Care is advised:

    Daily brushing - Brushing your dog's teeth is a very effective way to remove the plaque from your dog's gum line. > EUKANUBA Feeding * A special form of croquette with DentaDefense to keep teeth clean and healthy.

Quality food for white teeth

To get our dog to have healthy white teeth, you don't really have to do much, just give him a quality diet, whether it's Barf, Yum Diet, Naku, or feed like Orijen, Acana, Instinct or Taste of the Wild among others. Why? Why It is a type of food that leaves no trace once the dog has swallowed it, since it is forced to chew it and, in doing so, your teeth are strengthened and cleaned.

Provide tough toys

Especially during the puppy stage, your furry will need toys that resist their bites but at the same time are not too hard. Thus, you should be given teethers for dogs, which are designed to calm the pain you may feel from the appearance of the final teeth and, in turn, to keep them clean.

Take it to the vet to do a review

Annual reviews they will be used to identify and treat any dental problem that the animal can have, as well as to prevent them.

With these tips, your friend will have a healthy denture. 😉

Toothbrush (back teeth)

• As in the previous stage, start brushing the canines (vertical movements)

• Advance smoothly along the teeth after the canines in a circular motion. Do not reach beyond the point where the dog feels comfortable

• Brush the 2 sides of the mouth

Toothbrush (all teeth)

• As before, start brushing the canines and then the back teeth and finish with the incisors

• Hold the dog's muzzle to keep its mouth shut and gently lift the upper lip, with the index and thumb around the muzzle, to discover the incisive teeth. Many dogs are sensitive and can sneeze when they brush their incisors

• Gently brush the anterior teeth through vertical movements (as with canines). Gradually, increase the duration of brushing.

• For maximum protection, you have to brush your teeth every day.

Healthy toys

The daily dental health care of our pets is very important to maintain their hygiene and overall health. In TiendAnimal, Kiwoko and in establishments and large stores such as the El Corte Inglés pet store you can find a wide range of products destined directly or indirectly to the oral health of our pets. Toothbrushes and toothpastes, cleaners and sprays, toys and dental snacks. An example of this is Bayer's Sano & Bello cleaner (€ 6.99). This candy contains chewable sheets made with ox skin to keep the animal's teeth clean. It also prevents and eliminates the formation of tartar naturally. It includes among its spirulina components, an algae especially recognized for its high content of vitamins, minerals, trace elements and, above all, highly digestive proteins.

If your dog has a predilection for furniture and household items you can entertain him with Tasty Bone is a teether for delicate dentures and tastes like chicken or cheese (€ 3.95). There is also Snack Breeders Dental (€ 5.99). These are chicken-flavored sticks that help keep the pet's teeth clean and healthy.

We cannot forget dental toys. These, in addition to entertaining and entertaining them, are healthy. Not only because they encourage your pet to exercise or develop their mental capacity, but also because they keep their gums and teeth in good condition. This is the case of TK-Pet (€ 12.29), a fun one rugby ball which is specially designed to satisfy your pet's biting instinct. Kong Teether Detinction Teether (€ 4.45). Made with a special rubber that is the perfect solution to relieve the need to bite that occurs in puppies while changing teeth. Dental Snack Sticks 3 in1 Vitakraft (€ 1.89) or Snack Pedigree Dentastix (for various dog sizes) from € 5.79. There is also the Greenies Dental Bone (€ 1), the latter maintains dental health in miniature dogs between 2 and 7 Kg since it fights tartar and refreshes the breath. Finally, after the success of Dentalife in the formats for small, large and medium-sized dogs, Purina now launches Dentalife Mini, the dental stick to take care of the oral hygiene of the smaller breed dogs. About 20 percent of dogs in Spain are mini-breeds, whose mouths are smaller and may be more vulnerable to the accumulation of tartar and plaque.

1. Brush your teeth

First of all, you must remember that the anatomy of the dog is different from ours and, therefore, it needs a special toothbrush and toothpaste - they are obtained in the veterinary or pet stores - to avoid additional problems.

The brush adapts to the needs of the animal's mouth and the paste does not cause indigestion or stomach pain. The best time to start brushing the pet's teeth is before four months, as it will take it as a game and keep that ‘idea’ throughout life.

If your dog is already bigger, you can still start today, carefully and slowly until he gets used to it. You should not take it as a bad thing, but as a fun time.

How to take care of my dog's teeth

Following some basic oral care guidelines, you can almost completely avoid your dog's dental diseases:

    The dry feed They are better for daily consumption, as they are abrasive and keep teeth clean. Its convenient that feed your dog only once or twice a day. If your dog consumes com> Can I use my toothpaste for my dog? Alternatives to clean my dog's teeth

Flatly no. The dentifrices that we use, have fluoride, which is toxic to dogs. There are dentifrices formulated specifically for them, so it is best that choose one that is special for dogs or that is made by a landlord in your home.

In the market you will find various toothpastes for dogs. They are groceries, so they will not cause problems to your dog if ingested. Some contain abrasive, usually calcium and silicates. Others use oxygenating agents that prevent the proliferation of anaerobic bacteria. Some wear chlorhexidine, which is an antibacterial and antiviral agent. OR zinc ascorbate, for gingival diseases. Consult your veterinarian to choose the most suitable paste for your dog.

He brushed with toothpaste It is very suitable for remove tartar. At the beginning, you can clean your teeth with a finger wrapped in gauze on which you will apply the toothpaste, or use a finger glove for dogs, which consists of a small case that you will place on your finger. In this way, you will easily reach every corner. The result is similar to that obtained with the brush and allows the use of toothpaste.

Also exist mouth rinses Specific for dogs. They are antiseptic products that fight tartar, plaque and bad breath

The dental toys For dogs they are also a good option to clean your teeth, especially if they are combined with a specific toothpaste for them. One of the best known is Bristlyas it is specially designed for dental cleaning. This toy has bristles similar to those of the brushes and finger gloves, with a cavity on the top to add the toothpaste. The dog will use it as a teether, brushing its teeth while entertaining.

The dental balls They are designed to clean your dog's teeth and gums while playing. Some contain a mentholated product that helps keep your breath fresh.

The dental snacks They are good for removing food debris left between the teeth, but they are not as effective as brushing. Use them as a reward and as a complement to brushing, but not as a substitute for it.

The dental boness allow to maintain the dental hygiene of the dog. In addition, your dog will be happy gnawing these bones. Use products designed for them and specific for oral care. In the market you will find different options, from bones made with leather to deer antlers. Ask your veterinarian about the most convenient alternative for your dog.

If your dog has periodontal disease or gingivitis, your veterinarian will have to perform a Mouth cleaning in the clinic. The treatment is simple, but requires general anesthesia.

How to prepare a homemade toothpaste

There are many recipes to prepare a homemade toothpaste for your dog, which is natural, economical and not harmful to your partner. The most common is made with baking soda.

To do it, mix a tablespoon of baking soda with a tablespoon of water until you have a homogeneous paste. Baking soda prevents bad breath, cleanses and bleaches the enamel. If you add any aromatic herb that is not harmful to your dog, such as mint, you will help fight bad breath.

Periodontal diseases in dogs. Gingivitis, tartar and periodontitis.

Periodontal diseases are very common in dogs. Initially, it is formed tartar, which can cause a gingivitis, which is a reversible inflammation of the gums. If gingivitis progresses, it can cause periodontitis, inflammation of the deepest structures in which the teeth lodge.

He treatment It consists in preventing the progress of gingivitis and delaying the progress of periodontitis if it has occurred. Therefore it is very important to perform an annual check of our dog's mouth.

The gingivitis It is the first step in your dog's periodontal diseases. In gingivitis, tartar builds up producing points where the gum separates from the teeth, which creates small bags where the bacteria and food debris. If we do not clean it, the bacteria continue to feed and reproduce, causing a inflammation of the gums that we call gingivitis.

He tartar its composed of calcium salts, food debris, bacteria and other organic materials. When it begins to deposit, it is soft and yellowish. In this first stage, it is known as Dental plaque. Over time, the plaque hardens and tartar is formed, which accumulates on dental surfaces, especially on the outer side (by the cheek), in the upper premolars and molars.

This accumulation causes gum inflammation. Some races, such as Poodles and small breed dogs, as well as brachycephals and dogs older than 5 years, accumulate tartar more easily.

It has been observed that dogs that consume I think dry and chew bones or biscuits specific to dogs, accumulate less tartar than those that consume canned food.

Gingivitis produces halitosis (bad breath). The gums appear inflamed and may bleed. If the gingivitis progresses, the periodontitis. When gingivitis attacks cement and the periodontal membrane, the roots of the tooth become infected, the tooth yields and ends up falling. The process is painful. You can see that, although the dog seems to be hungry, eat reluctantly and hypersalive.

To remove all tartar and dental plaque, your veterinarian must proceed to perform a full mouth cleaning. General anesthesia is necessary. In cases of advanced periodontitis, it may be necessary to extract the dog's teeth. You will probably be given antibiotics and your veterinarian will recommend a series of care to be done at home.

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I think, among other things, It serves to act as a toothbrush, and to remove the accumulated plaque between the teeth and fangs. Chewing food with a certain texture keeps your mouth healthy and reduces bad breath.

Thus, If you are giving wet food - for humans - to your pet, we recommend that you try to offer him I think at least twice a week. And don't forget to buy a good one to offer you all the necessary nutrients to strengthen your teeth.

In turn, have a lot watch out for animal bones - chicken or cow for example - that you give to your pet, since they can splinter and stick in the gums, this will cause injuries, bleeding and pain.

3. Choose your toys

In pet or veterinary stores you can get ‘treats’ which, in addition to serving as a reward when your dog behaves well, they are excellent edible toys and good for your oral health. They are made with ingredients similar to those of the feed, and help you eliminate plaque and bad smell.

You can also buy him toys of other materials - not edible - to be entertained, but be careful that they are not harmful to your teeth if they break.

The most suitable are those of natural rubber or Nylon, because they favor the elimination of tartar and, at the same time, strengthen the teeth and fangs.