Animals

How to treat a poisoned dog?

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The curiosity of dogs, and pets in general, has no limits. From small they smell and eat everything that crosses their path.

As owners, human beings have a responsibility to educate the dog to learn from a puppy that not everything should be eaten.

Good training can avoid sad moments in the future. Educate and be aware of where your pet is.

KIENYKE.COM It gives you a series of tips to know how to act in an emergency like this.

Know the symptoms

Discoloration in gums and tongue

You should try to recognize how the poison affected you. You may have swallowed it or it may be thrown on your skin (poison powder).

If you have consumed a poisoned snack, wash the animal's mouth with plenty of water. Clean the mucosa as much as possible (if you have a hose, use it).

If a toxic substance was sprayed on your hair, brush very carefully (which is not going to stick to you) and then with a vacuum, suck as much as possible on the animal's skin.

What to do?

  • Act as quickly as possible (try to set your nerves aside) and make your dog vomit. For this, warm water and mix with salt. With a syringe apply it on the lip so that the animal has the opportunity to swallow it and thus cause vomiting.

  • If the dog is unconscious, do not apply this method because by not having an answer, the water may go directly to your lungs.

A race against the clock

  • Always have charcoal tablets in sight. These are sold in veterinarians. It can be ground (2-3 tablets depending on the size of the dog) and mixed with milk.

  • Apply the solution again so that the dog can swallow it. Once inside the stomach, the carbon will help the animal's body not absorb the toxic.

    This is not a cure. Once you do this wash, take the dog directly to the veterinarian. The important thing is that the animal arrives alive so that the expert applies the miraculous substance that saves the v>

Treatments to follow according to the cause of poisoning in dogs

In this section we comment on a series of treatments and first aid for the most common causes of dog poisoning, which we will only do if our veterinarian has indicated it to us or if we really have no other option. It is better that these measures are performed by a professional to do it ourselves.

Shampoo, soap or detergent

Poisoning by these substances causes a series of milder and easier to treat symptoms. Many of these products may contain caustic soda and other corrosive substances, so we will never induce vomiting. The symptoms that are usually shown are dizziness, excessive salivation, lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea. In cases where a lot has been ingested, the situation worsens and seizures, shock and coma can occur. If the amount ingested is small and the veterinarian does not indicate otherwise, a good way to help our partner's body intoxicated to treat these toxins is by giving them milk, water or a mixture of both, as they will join the ingested toxic product avoiding more serious damage Fabric softeners are highly toxic, so we should call veterinary emergencies quickly and act as soon as possible.

Chlorine and bleach

The vast majority of cleaning products we have at home contain bleach and therefore contain chlorine. Many of our pets like to nibble the bottles of these products, drink the water from the mop bucket that contains these mixed products, drink the water from the newly treated pools and bathe in them. The first symptoms that occur are dizziness, salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia and depression. As first aid we will administer milk or milk with water to our intoxicated partner with a syringe in the mouth in a leisurely way allowing him to swallow himself. This will cause the milk to join the chlorine avoiding further damage to our pet. We should never induce vomiting, as it will be vomiting as a result of intoxication and cause more vomiting will only weaken and damage your digestive tract as bleach, chlorine and stomach acids are corrosive. In this case it is not necessary to administer activated carbon since it will not have any effect. In case the poisoning is not taken for intake but is given on the skin, we should bathe our friend with a mild shampoo for dogs, one for puppies is ideal, immediately and rinse it with warm and abundant water so that there are no remains . After the bath we will go to the vet to make sure there is no damage and see what else we should do.

This substance is found in human oral hygiene products, rat poisons and environmental acaricides. Because fluoride is toxic to dogs and cats we should never use our toothpaste to wash their mouths. In fact, special toothpastes are sold for them with different flavors and that do not contain fluoride. The symptoms are nerve signals, gastroenteritis, increased heart rate and according to the level of death poisoning. In case of severe poisoning, the animal should be immediately administered calcium gluconate intravenously or magnesium hydroxide or milk orally so that these substances bind with fluorine ions.

Coal brea

This toxic substance is composed of various products such as cresols, creosote, phenols and pitch. They are found in homemade cleaning products and other products. This type of poisoning causes nervous system stimulation, weakening of the heart and liver damage, the most visual symptoms being weakness, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes due to increased bilirubin), loss of coordination , excessive rest while lying and even in a coma and according to the level of poisoning death. There is no specific treatment. But if recently ingested, saline and carbon solutions can be administered, followed by egg whites to soften the corrosive effects of the poison.

Insecticides

Products containing chlorinated hydrocarbons, permethrins or pyrethroids, carbamates and organophosphates are included, all toxic to our pets. The symptoms in this case are frequent urination, excessive salivation, colic, ataxia, shortness of breath and seizures. First aid will be induction of vomit with 3% hydrogen peroxide followed by administration of activated carbon. However, it is best to call the veterinarian urgently to give the poisoned dog the specific antidote for the type of active ingredient found in the insecticide that caused the poisoning.

Cantharids and other insects

Cantárida is an insect called Lytta vesicatoria, also known as "Spanish fly" and that is a metallic green color. This insect contains a toxic chemical also called "cantárida". It expels a very irritating substance that causes vesicles in the skin and mucous membranes. It is known that small amounts, for example between 4 and 6 gr, are toxic to cats, so for an average dog more grams are needed, but not many to cause poisoning. The symptoms shown are depression, abdominal pain, darkening of the mucous membranes, anorexia and irritation of the digestive and urinary tracts. There is no specific treatment, but if we detect poisoning soon, activated carbon can help. The appropriate dose to be administered of activated carbon will be the one specified in another section below and in case of severe poisoning. We should know that there are more insects that can cause poisoning and allergies in our dogs.

In the case of alcohol poisoning in dogs, the most common are ethanol (alcoholic beverages, disinfectant alcohol, fermentation dough and elixirs), methanol (cleaning products such as windshield wipers) and isopropyl alcohol (disinfectant alcohol and flea spray for pets made with alcohol). The toxic dose is between 4 and 8 ml per kg of weight of the affected animal. Isopropyl alcohol is twice as toxic as ethanol. Intoxication by this type of alcohol is more common in our pets through the absorption by the skin than by intake. Symptoms occur between the first half hour and one hour after intoxication. Diarrhea, tremor, loss of coordination, vomiting, disorientation, shortness of breath are observed and in the worst cases due to this respiratory failure, the animal is killed. As first aid we must provide ventilation, so we will move the poisoned dog to an outside site without direct sunlight, and if the intake of alcohols has occurred recently, vomiting will be induced. We will not administer activated carbon since in this case it would not help. Then we will call or go to the veterinarian to attend and make sure that the danger has passed.

Mothballs

They are very toxic to our pets when ingested. The substances contained in these pellets affect the liver and the central nervous system. The symptoms that occur mainly are seizures and vomiting. As vomiting is already occurring, we will never induce vomiting and call veterinary emergencies as soon as possible.

How can a dog get intoxicated?

The hairy can be poisoned in three different ways:

  • Cutaneous: when the poison comes into contact with the skin.
  • Respiratory: when the dog inhales it.
  • Oral: when ingested.

There are many products that we have at home that can be fatal for our friend, such as: medicines for humans, poisonous plants (such as Poinsettia or Calathea), alcohol, tobacco, car maintenance products, herbicides, insecticides and chemical fertilizers, or cleaning products.

Symptoms of poisoning in dogs

When a dog has had contact or ingested any toxic or poisonous substance, it may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Excessive salivation
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Seizures
  • Respiratory distress
  • Muscular stiffness
  • Dizziness
  • Cough
  • Tremors
  • Loss of appetite
  • Excess thirst

If we detect any of these symptoms, it is very important to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible, or call him to go home if he offers home services. However, we can give you first aid.

Helping a poisoned dog

The steps to follow are those:

  1. We will take you to a room ventilated and illuminated.
  2. We will contact the veterinarian to inform you about the poison that the dog has ingested, to tell us what we have to do, since if it has ingested something corrosive, or if it is fainted or very weak, we can not cause vomiting under any circumstances, as it could suffer internal burns .
    We will not give you any liquid or food until we know what we have to do.
  3. In the event that we have to cause vomiting, we will give 1ml of hydrogen peroxide per kilo of weight diluted in water in equal parts With a syringe without a needle. If in 15 minutes you have not vomited, we can give you a second dose, but no more.
  4. If you have been poisoned by the skin, we will clean the area brushing and cutting, if necessary, that piece of fur.
  5. In the event that the poison has had contact with eyes, skin or mucous membranes, we will clean it with abundant water.
  6. When you are better, we will give fresh water If the veterinarian indicates it.

Thus, the dog will return to normal life very soon 🙂.

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SO YOU CAN SAVE LIFE

A good handful of salt under your pet's tongue serves to induce vomiting. You will get the same effect if you give two tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide.

Remember that you should seek the immediate help of a veterinarian, but if you are in a remote place or in an area of ​​the province, where these specialists are not abundant, you can also use burnt bread or charcoal. These two elements will serve to absorb the toxicity of pesticides (organophosphates), a frequent cause of contamination of field dogs.

And if the poison was absorbed through the skin, you can bathe the dog or put it in a tub with water.

But if you are aware that the poisoning was with a snail (for pest control), it is best that you carry the bag of the product, so that the veterinarian is better informed about what he is dealing with.

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KEEP IN MIND

Generally the veterinarian will no longer consider a gastric lavage necessary if the dog managed to vomit, and also because it surely already absorbed part of the product.

"What is done is a supportive therapy", says Rondón, who advises that the dog be hospitalized for an average of three days, as the symptoms may return and it is best to be attended by the specialist.

Finally, don't forget that a poisoned dog is a critically ill patient You are at a very great risk of dying and always make sure that you are attended by a warranty professional.

First aid for poisoned dogs

Keep calm and act quickly. This is paramount when we want to save the life of our dog. In these cases, time is money. Attentive to these fundamental steps that you must follow before an intoxication of our pets.

1. In case the dog is very weak, almost fainted or unconscious we must take him out to an open, ventilated and illuminated area if he is no longer. To lift it we must be very careful and do it so that we take the whole body firmly.

2. We must remove the poison that we see in sight and if we can save a sample so that it later serves the veterinarian as a diagnosis.

3. After stabilizing the dog a bit, we will try to get in touch with our veterinarian. The sooner we do it, the more likely the animal will survive.

4. The veterinarian will tell us which first aid we can apply and which not. For example, one of the first actions we should do in case of ingestion of some poison is to cause vomiting, but we must know that we should never do it if the dog is unconscious or fainted or if the poison ingested is a corrosive. It will also not be useful if the toxic has been ingested more than two hours ago, since the digestion will be very advanced or even finished.

5. We should not give him water, food, milk or oil until we know what poison he ingested. Any of these home remedies could have an opposite effect to what we expect.

6. If it is decided that we should vomit the animal, we should follow appropriate guidelines for inducing vomiting that we will explain later.

7. Once the vomit is provoked, we will have managed to expel part of the poison from the body of our dog, but another part has already been absorbed by the intestine and we must try to reduce it. This can be achieved with activated carbon.

8. If the contamination has not occurred by ingestion, but has been given topically or cutaneously, we should shake the dust with an intense brushing and make a warm water bath. If we still can't remove the toxic from your hair, we must cut that piece of hair.

9. If the contamination is caused by contact with the mucous membranes, the skin or eyes should bathe the affected area with plenty of water.

10. If the animal is already awake and somewhat less stunned, then it will be good to drink fresh water, since many poisons that dogs usually eat by accident affect the kidneys and liver and giving them water will reduce the impact on these organs If they don't drink it by themselves, we can slowly administer it with a syringe in their mouth.

How to make the dog vomit

  • Make a dog vomit with salt

Mix a glass of water with a couple of teaspoon of salt until you get a homogeneous solution and fill with it a syringe. Open the dog's mouth and empty it quickly so that it comes out with pressure. Wait about 10 or 15 minutes, but repeat the operation.

  • Make the dog vomit with hydrogen peroxide

Two milliliters of hydrogen peroxide should be used for every kilo of dog weight. Now you must mix the dose of hydrogen peroxide with the same amount of water and stir until you get a homogeneous solution. Empty the contents quickly with a syringe in the throat.

We hope that these tips will serve as a solution in case, hopefully not, your dog is a victim of poisoning. But if you also want to be protected 365 days a year, remember that the best solution is to get a pet insurance. In Velasco Seguros we have the insurance for dogs that you need and that will cover all those aspects in which the animal can suffer any type of mishap. Ask us for a budget without obligation.

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