Boxer dogs are direct descendants of bulldog and of the little brabant or "bullenbeisser", a race developed by hunters. The bullenbeisser was used mainly for the major hunt, helping hunters to corner and hold prey. The best specimens were used for breeding and, apart from selecting them for their ability in this task, they also sought to enhance certain morphological features, such as the wide snout, the snub nose, or the strong bite, qualities that helped them perform better his homeworks. The breed developed in Germany, thanks to Friedrich Robert, Elard König and R. Höpner, founders of the first "Deutscher Boxer Club" in 1895.
The American Kennel Club (ACK) was the first international canine federation to recognize the boxer in 1904, later it was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1948 and finally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in the year 1955
The breed was quite ignored until the WWII, when the boxer was used as a war dog to perform various functions, including the collection of bodies and the sending of messages. Likewise, the race was also introduced into the official German bodies. Later, the boxer race gained popularity and was especially demanded in the United States. Currently boxer dogs are excellent companion dogs.
Finally, we couldn't stop mentioning the name's origin, which has generated several hypotheses among fans and race lovers. According to the UKC the term "boxer" is of British origin and is due to the predisposition shown by the breed to use its front legs, in the same way as boxers. The truth is that, indeed, the boxer is a dog that uses these two extremities on a regular basis. However, another hypothesis indicates that the term derives from the word "boxl"in German, which was used to colloquially designate the bullenbeissers.
Boxer dog features
The boxer dog is from medium to large size and is recognized by different canine federations. It stands out mainly for its robust appearance, developed musculature and characteristic movements. It has a strong and heavy head, next to a powerful jaw, with great mandibular pressure. The snout is small and generally shows a black mask that covers his face.
Years ago, we used to observe the boxer race with tail and ears cut, fortunately, this practice is prohibited in most countries and usually generates rejection by the population. Recall that the cut of tail and ears in dogs causes pain (it is a mutilation), the possible appearance of behavioral problems and even damages socialization with other dogs and animals. The neck of the boxer dog is strong, round and muscular. The chest, broad, gives a great presence. They usually have very short, shiny and soft hair.
He size The boxer dog is between 57 and 63 cm. to the cross in males and between 53 and 59 cm. to the cross in females while the weight Average male boxer dog exceeds 30 kilograms and that of females is around 25 kilograms. The colors The boxer's dog varies from brown to black, going through the brindle. Some specimens with spots usually appear, we can also be surprised with a white boxer or albino boxer, and although they exist, they are not accepted by the International Cynological Federation (FCI), by the American Kennel Club or the United Kennel Club.
Boxer Dog Character
Boxer dogs stand out for their faithful, alert, active and friendly character. They are especially sensitive and kind dogs when they are well socialized, in addition, they can become especially protective and patients with children, to those who love and care. However, it should be noted that it is a race with great physical strength, so you should always supervise the games with the little ones. We talk about a curious and affectionate dog, which creates a very special bond with his tutors, from whom he does not separate, for we speak of a race especially attached and complacent.
The boxer race can fit with different types of families, whether or not they include children, provided they have a active lifestyle and enthusiastic, that they can offer this dog the doses of stimulation, exercise and activity that it requires. In addition, you should not spend much time alone, because we talk about a close and affectionate dog, which can become destructive to boredom and loneliness. Therefore, we do not advise leaving you alone for more than 6 hours a day.
There are several caring for boxer dogs that we must take into account when providing a good quality of life for this dog. Although it is not a long-haired dog that requires daily brushing to eliminate its knots and tangles, we must pay attention to the care of the boxer hair, because regardless of remove dirt and dead hair with a rubber glove, we must clean it daily slime and legañas. It also requires a regular body hygiene routine, so we advise you to take a bath every two months or so, paying special attention to the boxer puppy's bath, which should be especially positive and delicate.
The boxer dog requires a minimum of three daily walks, in which you can sniff, socialize and make your needs with total comfort. In addition, we must guarantee small sessions of physical exercise, so you can continue to develop your muscles and channel stress. It is a dog that is especially playful, so we can buy frisbees, balls and other accessories that you like. Daily activity will help maintain your weight, which must also be monitored with a proper diet, to avoid being overweight or anorexia.
In addition, it will be indispensable stimulate it mentally and physically So that he is happy and has an adequate emotional well-being, we will also observe that he responds wonderfully to the attention given to him. The correctly socialized boxer tends to easily relate to other pets and loves to investigate the smell of diverse plants and objects. You can live perfectly in a flat as well as in a large house, provided you are provided with the walks and the necessary exercise according to each individual. To end the care section, we suggest you visit our article about how much it costs to keep a boxer.
Boxer Dog Education
The boxer breed ranks 48th on Stanley Coren's list of smartest dogs, referring to him as a medium intelligence dog at work and obedience. Even so, thanks to the deep bond that he creates with his tutors, the boxer is a dog that usually responds very positively to basic education, training and dog skills, provided that positive reinforcement is used.
The education of the boxer dog must begin quickly, when it is still a puppy, socializing it with all kinds of people, animals and environments, thus guaranteeing a balanced character in his adult stage and at the same time avoiding the appearance of fears and other unwanted behaviors. Once the socialization period is over, around three months of life, we will begin to teach the basic orders of obedience, fundamental for a correct understanding with people and to be able to exercise some control over the dog. Later, when the boxer dog has fully assimilated basic obedience, we can start you in dog skills or in learning various tricks, in order to keep your mind stimulated and enrich your day to day.
The behavioral problems The most common in the breed are destructiveness, aggressiveness and reactivity, usually caused by lack of company, stimulation or socialization at their earliest ages. In any of these situations, we recommend visiting a dog educator.
Boxer Dog Health
Statistics indicate that the boxer race shows a certain predisposition to suffer different hereditary diseases the most common and relevant being the following:
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
- Corneal dystrophy
- Subaortic stenosis
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Degenerative myelopathy
In addition, because it belongs to the considered breeds of brachycephalic dogs, the boxer dog must not perform extreme exercise or expose itself to extreme heat, since in both cases it is susceptible to heat stroke, a serious veterinary emergency that can put the dog's life Therefore, it is essential to perform regular veterinary visits, every 6 or 12 months maximum, as well as strictly following the vaccination schedule and the periodic deworming. In general, the life expectancy of boxer dogs is around 10 and 13 years.
The Boxer is a large dog with short hair and regular conformation, neither double nor light. His muscles are distinguished without being exaggerated. The body is square in shape. The back is relatively short and slightly inclined towards the back. Your walk should be firm but light, capable of covering considerable terrain while remaining elegant at all times.
Big. The skin with folds but not exaggerated. The upper part of the skull is arched. The cheeks cannot be bulky, they have to be flat.
Dark chestnuts Not too small, outgoing, or deep.
The "stop", front of the head under the forehead, is well defined.
The snout is wide and small. The snout is one third of the length of the head and two thirds the width of the skull. The tip of the nose should be slightly higher than the base of the snout. The nose should be wide and black.
The upper jaw is wide at its base, reducing its thickness very little towards the tip of the snout. When closing the mouth the lips should close, not allowing the tongue or teeth to be seen. The bite is short, the lower jaw is longer.
Moderate, placed on the top of the head. Some dog federations allow them to be cut, ending in a point, so they have to be stopped.
The shoulders cannot be straight, they have to have angulation. They are long and covered with muscles but not excessive.
The upper arm is long, at right angles to the shoulder. The elbows cannot be pressing with the chest, nor can they be separated. The forearms are long, straight, of good musculature, seen from the front must be parallel. The pages, or metacarps, are strong, almost perpendicular to the ground. The feet are compact, facing forward. Well arched fingers. The spurs (hooves) can be removed according to some federations.
The hind limbs have to be strong and in angulation with the forelimbs. Seen from behind should be straight without deflection in or out at the joints. The thighs are wide with good musculature and arched: they can neither have too much musculature nor be lacking: the angulation also has to be appropriate something that the feet do not rest under the thighs nor too far behind. The metatarsals should be perpendicular to the ground, a slight backward tilt is allowed but if it is too much it is considered a foul. The metatarsals cannot be very long, they take away from the movements. This breed has no spurs (hooves) on the hind legs.
The Boxer's hair is short, glued to the body and lustrous.
The basic color (at least two thirds of the fur) can be yellowish brown (fawn) or brown gray with bands (brindle or brindle). The fawn color can be of different shades, from very light to a very dark reddish brown, usually the darker ones are more desired, but all are very attractive and depend on personal taste. The tabby must have well defined dark lines or bands on the base color that is lighter grayish brown.
In addition to the basic color, it may have white spots, usually on the chest, lower body, lower legs and feet. White is allowed on the face as long as it is limited and does not affect the appearance of the breed. It should not have white on the upper part (the back or back) of the body. It is considered a foul if the white color exceeds one third of the total coat.
There is a white Boxer, please consult the Origin of this breed, which is currently not allowed to compete in conformation in some of the canine federations. At least the AKC does allow you to be registered and participate in agility competitions.
The tail should be at the top of the end of the body. It must be cut (when an amputated puppy) and held up.
To the cross or shoulders: Male from 58.4 to 63.5 cm (from 23 to 25 inches). Female 54.6 to 59.7 cm (21½ to 23½ inches). If the bearing is appropriate the height is not so serious.
Male from 30 to 31 kg (from 66 to 70 pounds). Female 25 to 27 Kg (55 to 60 pounds).
Usually the litter is five to six puppies. Litters of up to fifteen puppies are recorded.
Careful, a Boxer dog lives for ten to thirteen years.
Boxers are intelligent, very energetic and playful dogs who like to be busy. His temper reflects his upbringing. They prefer to be in the company of their owners and are loyal pets that will protect their family and their home from strangers.
They get along with other animals if they have grown together. However, they also have a reputation for attacking dogs and cats in the neighborhood if they are left at their leisure, so they should never wander alone.
Few boxers are barking excessively, if so, there is a good chance that it is for a good reason. Many boxers have vocal ease, and emit grunts that are nothing more than the way to express themselves
They have a strong need for company and exercise. If this need is not met or they are left alone at home they can adopt destructive behaviors. Boxers are ideal for people who want a dog company by their side most of the time, or large families with houses where there is usually someone at all times. They can be either on a farm in the countryside or on a flat in the city as long as they have the opportunity to run and release energy. If you live in an urban area, the usual walks are essential.
The boxers do not tolerate a warm climate, so we have to pay special attention to avoid heat stroke. They also need protection from the cold, since they have short hair. However, your hair is very easy to care for and will be bright and lustrous as long as you have a good diet, occasionally bathe and receive regular scrubs with a toilet glove or brushed with an oval rubber brush.
Some drool excessively, and some snort and snore. Like other large dogs, boxers do not live for many years, their life expectancy ranges from seven to ten years.
The boxers descend from the extinct Bullenbaissers breeds crossed with mastiff, bulldog and perhaps Great Dane, and even a terrier. They were developed in Germany in the 19th century, initially as dogs for bullfights and later as butchers' assistants to control livestock in slaughterhouses. Some race historians claim that they owe their name to the German word boxl, slaughterhouse. Other fans argue that his name comes from the characteristic way in which they use their front legs to play, fighting very similarly to a human boxer. The boxers did not arrive in the United States until after the First World War. After 1940, the race rose to become one of the most popular in the country.
They are considered working dogs, were one of the first breeds to be used as police dogs, and have been used as guide dogs. But they are also raised to be companion dogs and guardians, and perhaps they are best known for being faithful family pets who have a special affection for children.