By Dr. César Álvarez on 08/17/2018 08:00:00 PM
The canine distemper virus belongs to the genus Morbilivirus and is of the family paramyxoviridae, being similar to the human measles virus. The distemper or canine Distemper, It is one of the diseases that produces the greatest number of deaths in dogs, being surpassed only by Parvovirus.
At some point during the course of his life, most dogs will be exposed to this deadly virus, being the puppies who are at greater risk of suffering from the disease, however, adult dogs that do not have a particularly strong immune system, or a daily vaccination plan are also at risk.
This virus not only affects the dog, other species are also affected, for example: wolves, skunks, otters, minks, ferrets and weasels. Wild animals keep the virus alive, which hinders the complete eradication of this disease.
HOW DOES SPREADS THE DISEASE?
The distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal disease. The virus remains in the respiratory secretions, urine, feces and saliva of infected animals. The virus spreads the same as the common cold or flu in humansThis is how sneezing, coughing and contact with secretions or contaminated objects (fomites) transmit the viral particles. The virus is eliminated even by dogs that show no symptoms of disease.
Dog populations that are most at risk of contracting the disease are those found in kennels or hatcheries, due to the agglomeration of canines in these sites. Puppies bought in pet stores or adopted from some shelters that do not comply with hygienic-sanitary rules are the ones who get sick the most.
These puppies may appear healthy while incubating the disease, even after they have been vaccinated, and get sick days later in their new home.
WHAT IS AND HOW LONG DOES THE INCUBATION PERIOD?
The incubation period is the time it takes for a pathogen from when it enters the body, until it generates the first symptoms of disease.
In the case of distemper, The incubation period can be variable, taking 1 - 4 weeks, depending on the immune status of the pet, its age and the type of virus. In some cases the disease may "not manifest" symptoms initially, and then manifest them severely.
On the third day after virus entry To the organism, it spreads to the lymph nodes, and from there it spreads to the rest of the body, having a great affinity (tropism) for the bone marrow and spleen.
From the sixth day The virus begins to destroy the white blood cells, making the organism can not defend against opportunistic infections, and the puppy begins to present fever intermittently for a couple of days, these febrile episodes are usually undetectable. Too begins to attack the superficial cells of the body (epithelia), the respiratory tract, urinary tract, eyes, skin and gastrointestinal mucosa.
At 15 days post infection, the virus has already affected the vast majority of organs, including kidneys, liver and brain. It is at this point that dogs with a competent immune system can fight and survive the infection, unlike those dogs that are very young, do not have vaccines or complete vaccination schedules, and that are immunocompromised such as, for example, puppies poorly fed and dogs with diseases that depress or wear down their immune system.
It is in this section where the reader will understand why the title I have chosen for this article.
Then, I will divide the symptoms that occur according to the systems that the virus affectsIt is worth clarifying that it is not necessary for everyone to be present, and even many of them may not manifest in an infected dog.
- Mucous or serous nasal discharge.
- Respiratory distress
- Diarrhea. (It can become hemorrhagic).
- Abdominal pain.
- Hypoplasia of tooth enamel (giving appearance of yellowed or fractured teeth).
- Erythema (redness).
- Hyperkeratosis of the plantar pads (very characteristic symptom of the disease).
- Generalized peeling
- Little shiny fur.
- Eye secretion (lagañas).
- Corneal ulcers
- Corneal edema, which gives the eye a bluish appearance.
- Spasms (particularly in the jaw, eyelids and limbs).
- Incoordination of movements (ataxia).
- Delirium (hallucinations).
- Marked weight loss.
The disease has a high mortality rate, being equal to or greater than 50%. It also turns out to be a challenge at diagnosis, since the symptoms can be confused or associated with other pathologies, it is therefore important to relate the patient's medical history with the signs manifested by the pet.
The truth is there is no specific and 100% effective treatment against the virus. In cases of distemper, med /> are taken
It is worth clarifying that Not all pets respond equally to treatment, and that each organism is unique, in some cases the therapeutic response is unsatisfactory, others will show a marked improvement and then worsen, and others will overcome this harsh disease. In some cases euthanasia is suggested to the caregiver, but this decision should always be consulted with a veterinarian.
The process from treatment to recovery may take several months, and depending on the damage generated, there may or may not be sequelae, especially at the nervous level.
In 2016, a scientific study developed by UNAM researchers was published, in which they use Silver nanoparticles that proved to be effective, curing the disease in patients who had not yet presented neurological symptoms. Although the study and the type of particles used are novel, there is still more research to be developed that substantiates and justifies its use, so far the product has not been commercialized by any pharmaceutical company.
If you want to know the study, enter the following LINK
If you want to know the news, enter the following LINK
Dogs that survive the distemper, as mentioned earlier, they can have sequels for the rest of their life, for this it is important to carry out periodic medical checks, in which therapeutic measures will be established. The alternative therapiesIn my opinion, they turn out to be quite useful during and after the disease.
The recovered dogs they can eliminate the virus for up to 90 days, infecting healthy dogs, so it is important that these pets do not have contact with other dogs during this time.
The virus is quite labile (weak) in the environment, and dies from the use of common disinfectants. I recommend that before adopting or integrating a new pet To a place where there was an infected dog, the entire site is disinfected on a weekly basis for at least one month, with hypochlorite or antiviral products, taking special care to discard contaminated objects (feeders, beds, blankets, etc.).
- Remember that The best way to prevent this disease is to keep strict control over the vaccine scheme Of your furry, it is extremely important that the vaccination dates are respected, these dates are not raised by veterinary whim, and much less by business, there is a time-dependent immunological factor, when we do not stimulate the immun> Vaccines in dogs and cats, what you should know).
- The distemper, like other infectious and contagious diseases, will not only affect the health of our kids, but also our pocket, since the times of treatment, observation and hospitalization are quite prolonged. Vaccination will not only save the v> Why is it so expensive to go to the vet? ).
- Be careful when choosing your puppy, appearances can be deceiving, demands valid health certificates> LINK.
If you want to know success stories and weekly useful information>our blog .
And remember that all pets are from Race.
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Do not bring puppies in at least six months or better nine.
You could take it to your home for more than 4 months and with the complete vaccine chart or you will probably have problems with the puppy.
It is more wanting to disinfect or chlorify, etc.,
Better wait or have it in another house, until you finish your vaccinations as I tell you.
How do I know if my dog has distemper?
The initial symptoms of distemper are the same as those found in almost all diseases in dogs. Your colleague will lose heart and appetite. This is always the warning that something bad is happening to you and that you have to go out asking the specialist or leave a query to our veterinarians online.
After becoming infected, the distemper takes between two and three weeks to manifest its true symptoms. The most characteristic are: nasal secretions in the form of something similar to mucus, swelling of the pads of their legs accompanied by fever and different infections, because the distemper virus makes it easier to cause them. Among the most common is conjunctivitis.
You will also have vomiting and diarrhea, which can lead to severe dehydration that can end your life. All these symptoms will indicate that your dog may have distemper, but remember that, before it is too late, You have to go out asking the vet to put it as soon as possible in treatment.
How is canine distemper spread? Is it spread in humans?
The distemper is taken from dog to dog and cannot be transmitted to humans. This disease is caught if two dogs exchange fluids with each other but also through the environment surrounding the infected dog, because the distemper is kept in the air and waiting for a new host.
How much does the distemper virus survive in the environment?
This pathogen has a lot of resistance, so it is essential that your dog is vaccinated to fight him. The key date for you to receive the first vaccine is when you are a puppy. At this stage of their growth, the chances of infection and death are greatly increased because of the distemper. There have also been cases in elderly dogs, but in smaller quantities.
The distemper can also be given in vaccinated dogs. Remember that a virus mutates over the years, changes and becomes stronger. What this medicine does is inoculate in your system one of these absolutely weakened viruses, so that your body learns to fight it when the real one arrives. But since it is possible that every year it becomes a little more powerful, the vaccine must also be strengthened.
What are the symptoms of canine distemper? 🐕 👩⚕
Canine distemper or distemper is a very serious disease that can affect your dog and has no cure. The main symptoms are fever, nasal and ocular secretion, diarrhea and apathy. 👉 SUBSCRIBE TO OUR CHANNEL: https://goo.gl/EtqGcf. DO YOU HAVE ANY DOUBT? Ask our veterinarians online for free: http://goo.gl/XAGuVH.
What is canine distemper?
He distemper It is a highly contagious viral infection for dogs. It occurs because of a Paramyxovirus of the genre Morbilivirus and usually affects the gastrointestinal tract and the animal's respiratory system.
He virus settled in our environment is eliminated by an intense cleaning with disinfectant, detergent or drying. Although it does not survive in the environment for more than a few hours at medium temperature (20-25 ° C), it can do so for several weeks at temperatures slightly higher than freezing.
How to avoid distemper in dogs? How long does it last?
Having a strengthened immune system, living happily, without stress and eating well, will help prevent not only distemper, but also the settlement of turkey virus, scabies and other unwanted guests in your body. Remember that a healthy dog is a happy dog.
If despite having taken all these precautions your dog has been infected with distemper, you have to know and understand that the mortality rate is very high. At this time, your colleague plays it. He will survive if he has been well fed, if his defenses are healthy and if his immune system has experience fighting him thanks to vaccines. The duration of the disease depends a lot on all these factors, also its life expectancy.
As with all viruses, there is no cure for them. The veterinarian will give you antibiotics to fight opportunistic infections that occur in your body, give you serum and vitamins so you don't get dehydrated and take care of you to recover slowly. There are also no home remedies to fight distemper, and everyone who can find you online will only be able to minimize some of the specific symptoms.
We hope it has become clear that the only effective way to fight distemper is the vaccination to be renewed every year, healthy eating, lots of love and always have our online veterinarians on hand to solve any questions that may arise.
Have you been left with doubts? Ask our veterinarians:
Who is affected?
Thanks to the vaccine, in the last thirty years the cases of distemper They have decreased considerably. Currently, this disease affects:
- To unvaccinated animals, young or adults (although it is more common in puppies).
- To dogs vaccinated before but who have not received any repeat injection.
- To old dogs that develop chronic encephalitis of the old dog.
Some cases of distemper in animals vaccinated correctly but who have lost immunity.
Although the dog is the main victim of virusOther mammals such as ferret, fox or wolf can also be affected.
How is the distemper transmitted?
He virus It is transmitted by air, so it is very easy to spread and spread from one place to another, transported in our clothes, shoes, car tires. It is almost impossible to prevent a dog from being exposed to virus, practically every dog that reaches the year of age has already come into contact.
He distemper virus It is transmitted by:
- Direct contact with body fluids of an infected dog.
- Direct contact with food and water contaminated by these fluids.
- Direct contact with contaminated places (any park or habitual area for dogs can be a breeding ground for this disease).
- A stream of air.
Once inhaled, the virus It passes to the palatine tonsils and bronchial nodes, following its path to the bloodstream. In 48 hours the virus It has already spread throughout the body.
What are the symptoms?
He distemper virus It has an incubation period of four to ten days. The first thing we can see in an infected dog is that:
- He has a fever (40 ° C).
- His eyes tear.
- Mucus from the nose.
- It has decreased appetite.
This phase lasts two or three days until the most severe symptoms of the disease appear:
- Digestive symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, stomatitis and tonsillitis.
- Respiratory symptoms: cough, dyspnea and mucosopurulent distemper in case of bacterial superinfection.
- Eye symptoms: purulent conjunctivitis.
- Skin symptoms: pustules.
- Nervous symptoms: seizures, paralysis, muscle contractions, polyneuritis and meningoencephalitis.
He distemper dog does not suffer all these symptoms at once, it will depend on the direct action of the virus on the affected organs or tissues and the bacteria that proliferate therefrom.
The disease can last only ten days, being able to extend to several weeks and even months, with periods of improvement followed by a relapse.
There is no specific treatment to cure this disease, prior vaccination is the only means that protects the dog, and yet it is not 100% effective.
Although antibiotics do not destroy the virus, are usually prescribed in order to prevent or treat secondary bacterial complications (respiratory problems, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, vomiting, etc.). The dog is also cleaned of nasal and ocular secretions and if it shows neurological signs, it is necessary to administer sedatives and anticonvulsants.
As in most viral diseases, treatment serves as a support to strengthen and strengthen the immune system and to prevent secondary infection.
Although the vast majority of affected dogs usually overcome the disease with timely and adequate treatment, it is important to detect the virus as soon as possible. The prognosis is not always bad, being quite complicated when most of the symptoms and signs described appear.
Affected animals, if possible, should remain in quarantine, isolated from other individuals of their species.
Latest Comments on this article (18)
By susanaoo on 05/27/2013 at 02: 46h
# 14 Hello to all forum contacts!
With regard to this terminal illness I want to share with you the treatment of Dr. Sergio de la Torre who is an expert in canine virosis. Every day you receive patients who present Distemper and other virosis such as parvo virus or corona virus and that are very dangerous. And, thanks to his treatments, he saves 90 percent of his patients, including many of them when they are in the acute phase of Distemper.
"Question of believing or bursting" as some would say. That is why I want to share with you this treatment that takes more than 15 applications and with a very high effectiveness.
Then I leave the treatment called "The Distemper is curable" and the page of Dr. de la Torre where you can see more of his treatments against other diseases and research among which one of the most important called "Histamine" was carried out together with Dr. Gabriel de Erausquin (Doctor of Medicine at the University of Washington, Saint Louis, MO, United States of America).
Any questions you wish can also write to the email [email protected]
By susanaoo on 05/27/2013 at 02: 43h
Grisell could you tell me where is this doctor you are talking about, thank you
By grisell on 06/03/2013 at 21: 09h
Yes, it is contagious, greetings!
By pelusita15 on 03/01/2013 at 03: 36h
I would like to know if the distemper's disease is contagious
By grisell on 09/26/2012 at 11:16 p.m.
ELDISTEMPER IS CURABLE
First of all, I want to clarify that this treatment works,
(on a larger or smaller scale, depending on the dose), in almost all classic clinical virosis
of small animals.
I made the decision to write this paper after discussing in another
veterinary forum with a colleague, very aggressively, about whether my treatment of
Distemper based on the release of Histamine (over a long period of time) brings or not a
definitive improvement of the patient
The bitter taste that the discussion left me led me not only to
consider how to express myself in the forum - but also to review the stories
clinics of my veterinary computer, and do a detailed follow-up of the
patients treated during the months of December and January for this terrible
disease. Thanks to this I have been able to confirm that the distemper is curable in 90% of
the cases with the treatment that I have been defending for so long, and I return
to develop next.
Distemper is a chronic viral disease caused by a virus
High morbidity and high mortality pneumotrope but the patient is treated correctly.
In the past, treatments were more effective (as described by
Dr Catalan 40 years ago) but with the arrival of NSAIDs and other medications such as
corticosteroids and antihistamines, antipyretic treatments were decreasing the
effectiveness and aggravating the pictures of this terrible disease, which ends with the
slow and painful death in pictures of nervous phases, with meningitis, exhaustion,
prostration and death.
The mutability of the virus is usually blamed,
arguing that they have become more aggressive, but the reality is that with the arrival
AINES deforms the clinical response of this disease, relieves symptoms
immediate but definitely aggravates the pictures. Ie have an answer
immediate expected (temporary improvement) and a NEGATIVE mediate response to
organism (gastritis, low of ceases, opens the blood-brain barrier, lowers fever,
etc). All this is produced by the NSAIDs.
MANY TIMES TO IMPROVE Discomfort and pain
bearable we take the patient to an unbearable PAIN that is the nervous face of the
distemper (meningitis) and at slow and painful death
Few colleagues know it and it is a constant struggle with the new
colleagues and with the clientele since many puppies are premedicated by
owners and in general aggravated because of the propaganda of these aines and the translation
to HUMAN medicine, which is different from veterinary medicine
I also read that there is a whole market of ideas and treatments,
based on an obvious intention to sell above all treatment, there is what
We call MARKETING, but behind all this there is a RESPONSIBILITY
INTELLECTUAL who evaluate immediate responses (PAIN) and do not evaluate the
Difinitive answers that is the BEST.
Today I say without fear of being wrong: "if you want to kill a puppy use aspirin" How to treat this chronic disease:
Although veterinary science faculties continue the
Ettinguer school, who in his books recommends NSAIDs, corticosteroids, antipyretics and
others, these have to be, since the owner will see with these
medications a temporary improvement, but then there will be a serious setback that leads to
patient with a nervous face and slow and painful death.
Based on immuno stimulants (histamine releasers),
antibiotics, calcium and B vitamins, apart from a good diet and treat the
patient is not under stress (for example intense cold, or caged)
OXITETRACICLINE LA, today we use Konig Kuramicin 1 cc every 30 Kg.
subcutaneous in rib cage every 96 hours.
We also use terramycin LA (EACH 72 HS) or terramycin
Classic every 48 hours. this according to the case, according to the patient's stage and according to the state
general of the patient since if it is very weak it is necessary to use smaller doses.
Calcium and vitamins B1 B6 B12 (PARALLAREMIELINIZATION)
If the patient comes premedicated by the owners, US is much more
difficult to improve the picture. Ideally, the case comes to consult with conjunctivitis
bilateral or with the classic kennel cough (which opens the door to the distemper if
it is not part of the first face), or with a viral gastroneteritis in most cases.
The disease lasts 6 to 8 weeks, begins with conjunctivitis
Bilateral - the first thing that appears and the last thing that disappears It is necessary to clarify that the majority of virosis in puppies
appear with a bilateral conjunctivitis, but then the other symptoms go
determining if it is a distemper, a hepatitis, or a paros viral gastroenteritis or
crown, the important thing is while the patient evolves, the treatment that
We propose that anyone who suffers from virosis benefits, since it is immune
Oxytetracycline LA works by antibiotic (very good in this
aspect) and by histaminic route (immunostimulant) forming a bubo or granuloma of
fixation, which is reabsorbed in a few days depending on the dose, the drug and the patient.
During these days there is an extra release of histamine from the bubo,
increasing histaminemia, (very low in some virosis).
My theory is that at certain doses in blood it behaves like
antibiotic, (penicillinemia) (in a high dose penicillinemia can be toxic as well), and
in increased doses of histamine in the blood, it behaves like a viricide and
antibiotic, and in very high doses of histamine type 1 reactions occur, (which in
the dog is almost always in skin and very few appear as vasodilation of veins
suprahepatic, but never like glottis and pulmonary edema
The viricidal action of HISTAMINE is already proven in laboratories
"in Vitro", in fact it is studied that allergy sufferers only suffer from their allergy and in
In general, they are very healthy, and they do not suffer from cancer, since they do not get sick of "anything".
I am convinced that the resistance to the disease presented by allergy sufferers is due
to high circulating histaminemia, and therefore have an immunocompetent apparatus
hyperactive, much more developed than others, as an athlete has his device
Skeletal muscle much more developed than an idle.
Every day I treat puppies with this disease, and this writing is not the result of
bibliography consulted but of daily experience. That's why I try to contribute to my
colleagues a treatment that allows him to cure the patient, even though the
laboratories do not make significant profits, because medicines are cheap and
accessible. Maybe that's why, in the market THIS TREATMENT
For colleagues who don't have many cases of distemper (and can hear
that does NOT work), I recommend that you approach a protective society of
animals and find all the stages of distemper, (given to overcrowding and stress
by overpopulation), collaborate with the protective society since medications
They are accessible and then draw their own conclusions and statistics.
A variant of this treatment for cases of RTF (feline rhinotraquietis,
very common in Mendoza) we do not use oxytetracycline LA, we use the classic and
we add TINDALAC (TINDALIZED MILK), with spectacular results
compared to other treatments.
I hope this work serves to exchange experiences, because I am convinced
what better of these forums is INTELLECTUAL LAGENEROSITY
Sergio de la Torre
This work can be replaced as many times as you want, in
especially for teachers of small animal schools
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