The mother will want a corner of the private house where she can relax and give birth to her puppies without being disturbed, so you must make a "nest" in the last two weeks of her canine pregnancy.
The ideal nest for the birth of puppies is a large cardboard box lined with chichoneras for puppies (in case of accident), and padded with clean blankets, sheets or towels. The box must be large enough for the mother and her litter to fit comfortably, and for the mother to have her own space if she wishes.
Also make sure the box is high enough to prevent adventurous puppies from escaping! .
- Frequently, bitches choose the kitchen to give birth, as they consider it a safe place and a source of food.
Place the nest in a quiet place at room temperature, where you can be comfortable and nobody bothers you. Placing your bed or toys in the nest (as long as they are clean) can encourage you to use it and feel comfortable before delivery.
Have help at hand
The delivery of your dog should proceed without complications, but it does not hurt to have help on hand to keep calm, or in case of complications.
Get the emergency phone number of your veterinarian before the birth of the puppies, since the delivery occurs frequently during the night. Tell your veterinarian the expected date for delivery (if you don't know it already), so that it is pending. If the mother has trouble giving birth to her puppies, you may have to take her to the vet, so make sure you have a means of transportation available.
During childbirth, have manicure scissors and several clean, dry towels on hand, in case the mother needs you to lend a hand. If your litter is large, you may need an additional basket to have enough space for newborn puppies.
If you have to separate the dogs from the mother at some point, you will have to keep them warm. We recommend that you use a thermal bag suitable for microwaves instead of a hot water bottle, since they could prick it with your teeth or with your fingernails.
Have help at hand
One of the first signs of the imminence of childbirth is a decrease in the mother's body temperature from 38.5 ° C to 37 ° C, approximately 12 to 24 hours before delivery.
To know when this happens, take your dog's temperature twice a day with a rectal thermometer during the last week of pregnancy. If you don't know how to do it, consult your veterinarian. If you notice that taking your dog's uncomfortable temperature, stop doing it. You will have to help her stay as calm as possible at this time.
During the last week of canine pregnancy, future moms may be somewhat restless and retire to a quiet place. During the 12-24 hours before delivery, they usually lose their appetite and "dig" their bed frequently.
In rare cases, the dog could move the nest you made to another place in the house. If this happens, try to respect your preferred place if possible.
The phases of canine delivery
In general, the birth of puppies is simple and there are usually no complications. Although you should interfere as little as possible, it is important that you are present during the birth of the puppies to be able to intervene and help the mother if a problem arises. The delivery usually lasts between 3 and 12 hours, and occurs in three phases.
- The cervix and uterus are prepared for childbirth with small contractions that can go unnoticed for you.
- Your dog's vulva will begin to swell preparing for childbirth.
- During this phase of labor, bitches can be very restless and agitated, panting and shaking, but don't worry: it's completely normal.
The second phase is the birth of the puppies that usually lasts between 3 and 12 hours, although it can be extended up to 24 hours.
- Mom's rectal temperature will return to normal when she is ready to give birth to her puppies.
- You will notice strong contractions followed by a clear flow in your dog's vulva, which indicates that the puppy will be born in the next 20-30 minutes.
- Puppies are usually born with 20 minute intervals with each other, although it is common for the mother to take a break during childbirth, and may not even strain at all for up to 2 hours between puppies. Stay tuned for the birth of the dog and contact your veterinarian if you see that he rests for more than two hours.
- It is normal for any of the pups to be born from buttocks, but don't be scared if that happens. You can gently stimulate the mother in the delivery of puppies that come from buttocks, but be very careful not to throw.
- The mother will bite the placenta and umbilical cords of the puppies and then begin cleaning them. If you see that the mother tries to bite the cord too close to the puppy, stop her and do it yourself. We offer you more information in our section "Help with childbirth".
- If the birth lasts a long time, the mother may have to make her needs between the birth of a puppy and that of another. Watch her in case she starts giving birth to the next puppy at the same time.
- A greenish / brown discharge may indicate that a placenta has separated. If you see this, the puppy should be born in the next 2-4 hours. If this does not happen, call your veterinarian because there may be some complications in the delivery of puppies.
- The placentas must leave after the birth of each puppy.
- Check how many placentas have come out (watch if you eat any), to see if any are inside the mother. If you think it may be so, contact your veterinarian because your intervention may be necessary.
- Sometimes, during childbirth, bitches eat the placentas for energy and then vomit them. This is normal, but contact your veterinarian if vomiting continues.
Luckily, you probably won't have to intervene during the birth of your dog, although sometimes the new mother will need some help. There are some cases in which your intervention may be necessary.
- A puppy may need help while his mother is giving birth to another. In that case, remove the membrane that surrounds the puppy and dry it quickly against the counter with a clean cloth. This friction movement will also help the puppy start breathing.
- If the mother has not cleaned a puppy, it may have fluids in its airways. Run your clean pinky through the inside of your mouth to remove any blockages and clean your nose. Rub it with a towel to help you cry, as that will clean the fluids you may have swallowed.
- If the mother is busy lighting another puppy, you can help her by cutting the umbilical cord of the newborn puppy. To do this, tie a knot with a strong thread approximately one inch (2.54 cm) from the point where the cord joins the puppy's body. Make another knot a little further from the first and use clean scissors to cut the cord between the two knots. If you cut the cord too close to the puppy you can put your health at risk, and if you leave it too long it could be chewed or swallowed by your mother.
On our page, issues that require special attention during your dog's pregnancy you will find more information about the stages of labor and its possible complications.
When you are sure that the delivery is over and that everyone is healthy and happy, give the mother something to eat and drink. Give the normal food of puppies that you have been eating throughout pregnancy, as you will need something you are used to take care of your stomach.
Try to help her out so she can get fresh air and meet her needs: it can be difficult to get it immediately. Remove and change everything that has been stained during childbirth and allow the new family a valuable time of calm together.
If the dogs have not suckled during their first hour of life, you should guide them to one of the breasts, as they will probably be hungry. If there are more puppies than breasts, you will have to exchange them until they learn to share.
If the dog continues to make efforts without giving birth to more puppies after the end of the birth, or if she does not seem very interested in taking care of her litter, get in touch with your veterinarian.
Sometimes it may be necessary to feed the puppies with a bottle after the pups are born, but it is not usual. If you have questions or questions about raising the litter, ask your veterinarian for advice. Now, all that remains to be done is to celebrate this special moment and the arrival of the dogs. Congratulations!
Find out when you're in heat
If you have a dog, you will know that he is already in heat if you see that genital area has become inflamed. This is the sign that will indicate that this is the time to cross it with the dog, but sometimes it is not so easy to see. Because of this, the most recommended is write down the date of the first heat and, when you know that the date of the second one is near, take it to the vet to have a vaginal cytology. So he can tell you when he will ovulate.
Make the dogs know each other
Dogs they must go to the vet before crossing them to make sure everything is going well and that the two animals are healthy. After this visit, it will be time for them to meet before the female has the zeal.
It is very important that they spend time together, to play and interact, because sometimes it happens that the female does not accept the male. To have a greater chance of success, it is best to take both to a neutral place, where they had never been before.
Consider artificial insemination
If as much as you try you don't get the dog to get pregnant, We advise you to take them to the vet to inseminate the dog. In addition, it may also be necessary to make a complete review of both animals, in order to find out if they have any health problems.
We hope you now know how to get your dog offspring.
1. How long is the birth of a dog?
The duration of a bitch's birth varies. Influence factors such as race or if the female is first time. Therefore, it can be prolonged between two and twelve hours. It usually happens that the birth of the first puppy is longer than the rest, but it is normal. Nor should we be afraid of the greenish color of the vaginal fluid that the dog expels during childbirth, because it is quite common.
Keep in mind that, in addition to the puppies, you also have to eject each corresponding placenta. And in this sense, the last placenta will be cast, at most, 12 hours after the last birth.
2. The birth of the dog, how old is it possible?
A dog with nine years should no longer get pregnant because it will pose a danger to her and her puppies
A female dog should not have puppies after the age of nine canine. In that vital phase, the canine female is in a period of decline, her immune system is less effective and is an age prone to the onset of degenerative diseases, like osteoarthritis.
"If the pregnant dog is not healthy, she can transmit diseases to the puppies she harbors in her womb," explains Antonio Zorrilla, president of the Canine Associations Federation, who recommends that the female has no more offspring from the age of nine, on all if you have had several litters throughout your life.
3. Can a dog die during childbirth?
A female who is adequately supervised and cared for during pregnancy and delivery is unlikely to die from causes related to the delivery of her puppies. However, the complications that may occur are:
The dystocia or difficulty of puppies to cross the birth canal.
Canine eclampsia, or lowering calcium and sugar in the dog's body during childbirth, can cause the female to have seizures by bringing her puppies into the world and dying. "This circumstance usually occurs in small-sized dogs that are bad eaters, such as those belonging to the Yorkshire breed," explains Imanol Sagarzazu, a veterinarian.
The postpartum hemorrhages or infections in females caused by dead fetuses that remain inside the uterus and cause infections of the womb that, if not treated in time, can cause death.
The bitch that arrives sick to childbirthAs in the case of anemia, you are more likely to suffer complications during canine delivery. Therefore, it is advisable to have a check-up before and during your pregnancy.
4. Can a dog kill her puppies after birth?
The canine female has the instinct to select healthy puppies to feed them and attend them, in front of the sick. "The dog knows when one of her pups has no chance of getting ahead and therefore eats them or separates them from the rest of the healthy litter," says Zorrilla.
5. How many puppies does a bitch stop?
The usual thing is that a small female for between three and five puppies, while large, between seven and nine, although, exceptionally, it may be the case that it brings more than 13 offspring to the world. However, it is advisable to perform an ultrasound of the pregnant dog to clarify the number of puppies in her uterus.
6. Can a dog give birth at home?
A canine female can give birth to her young at home, provided she has the owner supervision and that these have clear minimum performance guidelines during delivery. The necessary knowledge They include how to prepare a paridera for the dog with a warm temperature and in a quiet place.
However, there are situations in which it is recommended that you have the delivery in a veterinary clinic, as in the case that complications are anticipated. When the female is brachycephalic (flat) and her cubs have a large head, they do not easily cross the birth canal, which can lead to a canine caesarean section.
Having the veterinary emergency phone number at hand will be a help in all cases.
7. Can a female dog give birth to twin or twin puppies?
There are no records of cases of twin puppies or canine twins. The reason, according to Sagarzazu, "is that the dog has an anatomy different from that of women." Canine females have the uterus divided into two uterine horns, so the pups are always housed in independent compartments.
8. How to recognize the beginning and the end of the birth of the dog?
The moment of the arrival in the world of canine pups translates into a change of behavior in the dog that its owners will notice: it shows nervous and restless and will look for a quiet place to hide to give birth to their puppies. All stop once elapsed between 60 and 65 days after riding.
The end of the delivery of the dog comes when the female has expelled all the puppies. Then he stays Quiet, group your young and prepare for breastfeeding. However, it is recommended make sure the number of puppies in your uterus to prevent any remaining and cause infections in the womb.