Animals

How is the feeding of a nursing cat?

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The pregnant cat must eat a specific feed for feline puppies, which gives her the energy and protein she needs

  • Author: By CAROLINA PINEDO
  • Publication date: January 30, 2014

A cat that will have puppies needs an additional supply of energy, protein and calcium so that gestation comes to fruition. The increase or decrease in appetite, depending on the stage of pregnancy of the cat, and the need to accumulate a reserve of fat in your body to feed your future puppies are some of the important issues to feed the pregnant cat. This article explains how to do it, with guidelines such as the use of a feed that brings more energy to the cat.

Feed a pregnant cat: protein and calcium

The pregnant cat needs a specific feed for feline puppies, which provides additional energy

The gestation of a cat lasts about 65 days, during which they can grow in their uterus between one and four puppies. The body of the future parent undergoes changes that require an extra supply of energy and calcium and the ideal way to achieve it is "with specific feed for cat puppies, which provides the proteins, energy and nutrients needed by the pregnant cat" , says Javier Zorriqueta, veterinarian.

The pregnant cat needs, from the first day of gestation, a specific food that provides the nutrients she needs, both to cover her daily activity, and for her fetuses to develop at an adequate rate. "Cats have more difficulty producing milk during the lactation period of their young and need increase the amount of your body fat during pregnancy to have a reserve with which to feed the puppies, "explains Ignacio Arija, veterinarian expert in animal nutrition and professor at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid.

In this way, when the feline female has already given birth, it can maintain up to 25% body fat or overweight to raise your offspring.

The cat must have its weight>

Newly born cats need to maintain an additional 25% of body fat to breastfeed their puppies

A fundamental aspect that results in the health of the pregnant cat and her future puppies is "the ideal weight of the cat before becoming pregnant", emphasizes Arija. You should not be overweight or be too thin, because this way it is easier that during pregnancy the cat adjusts to an appropriate weight and does not have to gain or lose kilos.

Once the cat starts gestation she can eat feed for cat puppies ad limitum or the amount you want. Felines know how to regulate well when feeding, unless they are sterilized, and they need to eat small amounts several times a day.

The Vitamins and supplements are not usually necessary for pregnant cats, unless you have a very low weight. But, in these cases in which the cat is not healthy before becoming pregnant, the most common is that she aborts spontaneously.

The cat's appetite during pregnancy

The pregnant feline female can go through different phases throughout her pregnancy with respect to her appetite. Thus, "it is possible that your appetite increases belly puppies develop in your uterus, because you need an additional supply of energy," explains Zorriqueta. However, at the end of pregnancy, when the stomach cavity is depressed and limited by the space occupied by the young in the uterus, the appetite of the cat will decrease.

However, it is advisable to carry out some checks in the veterinarian during the gestation of the cat, to rule out health problems that could also affect the young in the uterus. The checkups of the future parent go through ultrasound and x-rays to make sure the number of puppies in their abdomen.

The feeding of the cat when the puppies were born>

Breastfeeding of the pups of the cat is one of the moments in which the female will require a diet rich in protein, calcium and calories. The cats have more difficulty than the dogs to transform the food they eat in milk for their young, so it is recommended that, after delivery, maintain 25% extra body fat that will facilitate the coverage of the demands of nursing kittens .

During the lactation of the young, the cat needs to keep the food of feline puppies that will provide the necessary nutrients until weaning of the kittens, which will occur, about three weeks after delivery.

In addition, this type of feeding will facilitate the transition of puppies from breast milk to feed. "The cat has the dish with its feed nearby and the puppies will come to try it when they are weaned, so they will gradually and easily get used to their new food," explains Arija.

The first days of life of cat puppies are essential for their development and survival. The feeding influences decisively so that the young gain weight, since they are born very helpless and it is convenient that they gain daily around 70 grams. Therefore, after the birth of the puppies, it is convenient to visit the veterinarian, with the new complete cat family, to check the health status of everyone.

What does colostrum have that is so important for kittens?

This food contains many vitamins, proteins and fats for kittens. The mother has to give it to her in the best possible way because, in addition to breastfeeding them with this natural substance, will transmit antibodies. Colostrum has almost 90% water, a characteristic that implies that you give fresh water to your cat at all hours just after giving birth.

Feeding

As with humans, feeding the cat during pregnancy it's extremely important to give birth to a healthy litter. That is why about three weeks before delivery, it is recommended that you start serving cat food for puppies, as it has many more nutrients than adult food. You will need more food, probably about 2 or 3 times a day. You can supplement with pieces of fish and chicken a few times a week. Continue this feeding several weeks after the offspring are born.

Remember to always keep a bowl of fresh water near the animal

When the kittens are born, the best thing for them is to be breastfedWell, the lactation It provides you with all the necessary vitamins and nutrients. Colostrum is a substance that contains the mother's milk from the cat, and that gives the offspring immune protection so they don't get sick. Of course, the quality of the milk will depend on the mother's good diet.

It is very common that just after delivery the cat is reluctant to eat, but offer the food so that it will recover its appetite. At this stage it is extremely important that you have enough water to drink.

The period of breastfeeding lasts about two months, and during it you should not worry about the food of the pussies but about that of the mother. After these two months, the stage of weaning, in which kittens abandon breast milk to start eating solids.

You have to help the cat to wean the young, so you should buy them kitty food. Otherwise, it is very difficult for the cat to eat more than breast milk. Never under any circumstances offer cow's milk or any other, because the fat contained in these types of milk causes diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Weaning is a good time to deworm offspring and puppies. Check with your veterinarian.

The health of the mother and the mininos is one of the most important aspects. During pregnancy, it is good to take the cat to veterinary checkups To detect any problem. Some breeds, such as the Siamese, often have difficulty giving birth, so you should consult this with your doctor.

Just after delivery, check the number of placentas, there should be one for each kitten. Cats usually eat them, but make sure none have been left inside the cat, as it could cause an infection. If you have trouble giving birth, such as stuck kittens, or if you complain after childbirth, contact the veterinarian immediately.

During the first week of life of the puppies it is recommended that you check daily mother's temperature, which should be at 40 degrees Celsius. So you can find out if he has a fever or some other symptom of illness.

While breastfeeding, check the state of the cat's nipples, in case you develop a mastitis. This manifests as red and swollen nipples, the product of an infection. If you notice something out of the ordinary, it should be checked by a professional.

The first ten days after delivery a normal somewhat dark vaginal discharge, but after this time could indicate some disease.

Before the first vaccination and deworming of kittens, we must ensure that everyone eats, defecates and behaves normally. There is usually a weaker cat in all litters, so it is necessary to be aware of any signs of illness.

With these simple tips, raising the litter of kittens will be very simple. When they are old enough and if you are thinking of giving them up for adoption, look for loving and responsible homes for them.

If you want to read more articles similar to How to care for a cat and her young, we recommend that you enter our Gestation section.

Quality above all

The quality feed they should always be in the kitchen because give it to your cat Vitamin and nutrient-rich croquettes and adapted to their weight and age they are the key for the newly born cat to gain strength and feed the small kittens properly. Your cat needs a special feeding these days of so much hustle that it helps her produce nutrient-rich milk so that her babies delight with her as they get older. In addition to the recommended feed, veterinarians -according to Fernández's words- ensure that they give portions of cooked chicken or canned tuna to the cat (in a moderate way, every 2 or 3 days) they contribute a plus to their menu, energy to their mother's life and strength to the little ones.

Guidelines and care

Remember you must feed your cat with caution and in no case, let her gain weight because obesity leads to serious health problems for your pet. Experts recommend that you do not force your minina to eat since after birth they usually lose their appetite. Yes, Encourage her to eat foods with a lot of protein, always have her food ready and her fresh water. Cleaning is a very important quality symbol. Never put your cat dirty or smelly water because in addition to producing arcades, in case it is taken it can get any disease or bacteria that directly affects its health and that of small kittens. Do not forget that during this period of your life, your cat is producing milk to breastfeed her young. Therefore, any care is little so that the mother is healthy and is strong. It is essential to know that your cat needs time to be with your young, pamper you comfort and tranquility because finally you have to enjoy the best possible way of your offspring and be healthy to carry out the difficult task of being a good mother.

Consequences that your cat is not eating after giving birth

Any cat that does not eat for more than 24 hours will begin to feel weak and develop a condition called hepatic lipidosis that creates a fairly serious problem in the liver.

Without consuming food to use as energy, the body will reach a point where it will begin to use fat stores and these fatty substances are processed in the liver. This significantly increases the workload of the liver and interferes with its normal function. Inadequate nutrition along with stress also causes a weakened immune system that will reduce the body's ability to fight infections.

A nursing mother who does not eat weakens, becomes depressed and loses interest in taking care of her kittens, which results in poor motherhood. Energy deficiency and malnutrition cause your milk production to drop, you will not be able to produce enough milk for your kittens and may even suffer from hypocalcemia. Kittens will cry constantly, become weak, sickly and even die.

How can you help your cat if she doesn't eat after giving birth

First, make sure that the place in the house where you are raising your kittens is quiet, quiet and free from people or animals. Keep your food, water and litter box close so you can see your kittens, even if you have to leave them for a while.

To stimulate the appetite of a cat it is useful to heat the food to release its pleasant smell that can arouse its interest. Wet food is often more appetizing than dry food. Offer the new mother your favorite food. High energy nutritional supplements are also useful.

If the above methods do not work for the mother cat to start eating again, you may need to feed your cat with small amounts of wet food every few hours with a syringe. When doing this, always be careful to do it correctly to prevent food from entering your lungs and causing pneumonia. Also prepare to bottle-feed the kittens since the mother may not have enough milk.

Take your cat to the vet so that the underlying cause of the loss of appetite can be identified and treated. The veterinarian will examine the cat and you may need to perform blood tests and diagnostic imaging procedures to determine what happens. The cat may need to receive an intravenous fluid or tube feeding to meet her energy and water needs while recovering, and medications can be administered as determined by the veterinarian.

I hope this article has helped you understand why your cat is not eating after giving birth. In most cases you should not worry. However, if you suspect that there is a deeper problem and you are worried about it, please follow the advice I have given you, to avoid greater evils.

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