Conjunctivitis in dogs or canine, is characterized by inflammation of the mucosa that covers the inside of the eyelids. Is conjunctivitis in dogs only inflammation? Do not! It can also be accompanied by infection. Do you think it could be an infection? Do not miss it! It could even be a symptom of another pathology.
My dog has conjunctivitis or ... Do you have litters?
In Wakyma, We tell you all the details so you can distinguish if your dog has conjunctivitis or just legañas.
As for your pet's eyes, many things can happen! And, well, you can develop a specific problem, such as:
- Eye dryness
- Eyelid Malformation
- Eye infection
- Strange body
It can also be a symptom of another disease such as distemper or hepatitis.
However, the problems in your pet's eyes do not go unnoticed! So it will be easily detectable. What can you do if your dog tears more than normal or has red eyes?
The first of all will be to go to the veterinarian, to offer you the most appropriate cause, diagnosis and treatment.
My dog only has one eye wrong
If your pet, only one of the two eyes is wrong, It is possible that something happened specifically in that eye. If you have put your snout between bushes or bushes, you may have gotten something.
If the problem is in both eyes, then it is possible that conjunctivitis may be a symptom of other pathologies.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in dogs or canine
In order to detect canine conjunctivitis, The first thing you should know are the symptoms! Therefore, in Wakyma we tell you the most frequent symptoms in canine conjunctivitis:
- Difficulty opening the affected eye / s. Remember that it can also appear first in one eye and then spread to the other!
- Redness in the eyes
Does your dog have one or more of these symptoms? Do not hesitate to take him to the vet! This way you can offer the most appropriate treatment for your case.
Dog breeds more likely to suffer conjunctivitis
There are some dog breeds especially prone to suffer conjunctivitis. The causes are usually inherited.. What races are prone to suffer conjunctivitis?
Do you share your life with a dog of this breed? Do you want to prevent your dog from having conjunctivitis? In these cases, the most recommended is prevention! So that Applying specific care for the cleaning of our pet's eyes, and periodic examinations by the veterinarian, will be the key!
Treatment and prevention of conjunctivitis in dogs
One of the basic aspects to consider if we want to prevent canine conjunctivitis, is maintain an eye cleaning of both external agents and our pet's own fur. In this way we will prevent dirt from entering conjunctivitis.
(Photo via: supercachorros)
Too It is essential that your pet follow a balanced diet that keeps him strong and healthy. Discover how to choose the best feed for your dog.
Does my dog have conjunctivitis? What I can do?
If your pet already has conjunctivitis, pyou can treat it by cleaning your eyes several times a day with physiological serum (It is something you could do equally without conjunctivitis to keep your pet's eyes in good condition).
However, Depending on the cause that is causing conjunctivitis in your pet, it may require a treatment specially prescribed by the veterinarian. That is why do not hesitate to take your dog to the vet! Remember that in Wakyma we offer this information for informational purposes, however we do not have the ability to diagnose or prescribe medical treatment for your pet.
If you have any questions, take your dog to the vet!
Causes of canine conjunctivitis
There are many causes that can cause conjunctivitis in our furry friend. The most commons are:
- Allergy: either to dust, to pollen or to the products we use to clean the house.
- Infections: Both viral and bacterial diseases can cause conjunctivitis.
- Ulcers: if you have> Symptoms
The symptoms that a dog with conjunctivitis has are:
- Difficulty opening your eyes
- Eye secretions: they will be watery and colorless if it is mild, but they will turn greenish or yellowish if it gets worse.
- Reject the light.
- Redness of the eyes
If you suspect your friend has conjunctivitis, take it to the vet ASAP. There, they will examine your eyes and give you an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory medication - usually an eye drops or eye cream - that you should put on regularly. For it, it is very important that you wash your hands before and after treatment, otherwise it could infect you. For this reason, if you have children you should also make sure that they wash their hands before touching the animal and after.
This way your dog can have his beautiful look again 🙂.
How to know if a dog has conjunctivitis?
Conjunctivitis is an infection in the eyes, so the conjunctivitis symptoms They are usually visible to the naked eye. Depending on the severity of the infection, the symptoms may be more or less noticeable and more or less bothersome for the dog itself.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in dogs:
- The dog scratches his eyes frequently: This type of infection produces an itchy and very annoying pain. Our dog will try to scratch himself using his legs or rubbing with something, like a piece of furniture or our own leg. His eyes have legañas: Green or dark-colored legañas indicate that there is an infection in the eye, which requires a specific treatment to heal it. In many occasions antibiotics and creams with fungic action are used>It has suppuration in the eyes: Excessive tearing, either of transparent tears or something similar>Inflammation of the eyelids: In the most complicated cases, where the infection is more severe, inflammations occur in the eyelids that often prevent the dog from seeing normally. Dogs with these symptoms require urgent treatment for conjunctivitis.
How to treat conjunctivitis in my dog?
Depending on whether the infection is of origin víRich (virus), fungal (fungi) or allergic (environmental or nutritional), our veterinarian will give us a different medication. You should know that the medication does not work the same in all conjunctivitis, each one has its own medication.
The veterinarian will prescribe a eye drops or a cream to apply in the eyes of our dog, this type of eye drops usually contain antibiotics or fungicidal principles to gradually heal the eye, to face the problem and eliminate the infection.
In very serious cases, it will also prescribe a pill for us to administer with food. Normally they are anti-inflammatory or soothing, since each case requires medication according to its severity.
If our dog scratches his eyes, we must wear an Isabelino collar (what is known as a dog bell). This will prevent damage to your eyes trying to scratch, we must know that they just want to relieve their pain ... but that unintentionally, they can further damage the eye.
How can a dog catch conjunctivitis?
There are several cases in which a dog can get conjunctivitis, but the most common is due to eye ulcers. Dogs spend the day playing and running through bushes and branches, which can scrape the eye a little causing a tiny ulcer. Even playing with other dogs or scratching it, it can tear your eye a little and cause an ulcer.
Ulcers they are a window open to microbes, so in a short time it will become infected causing conjunctivitis. The treatment for conjunctivitis in dogs suffering from ulcers in their eyes is more complex, since they need a repair cream for the ulcer and an eye drops with antibiotics to eliminate the infection. Some veterinarians prescribe antibiotics using pills, so as not to mix eye drops and creams.
Another reason is allergies, a dog with allergies is much more prone to infections, in their eyes, ears or skin. If a dog is allergic we will not be able to completely solve his conjunctivitis until we detect what causes allergy. For these cases veterinarians normally, apart from eye drops, recommend taking corticosteroids.
Fungi and viruses can also cause conjunctivitis, known as infectious conjunctivitis. The treatment for this type of conjunctivitis is similar to the previous ones although with the particularity that we must prevent our dog from playing or approaching other dogs for a few days, while the medication takes effect, to prevent it from infecting others.
Home remedies to treat conjunctivitis
Our ancestors have been transmitting the most practical home remedies to help cure conjunctivitis in a dog. Home remedies are what we can prepare at home, in a simple and practical way.
- Chamomile infusion: Chamomile is a perfect ally to help fight conjunctivitis, we just have to make an infusion with chamomile, wait for it to cool and strain it. With the help of a clean gauze, we will clean out (very gently) the eye of our puppy. As if we were cleaning his legañas. We can perform this operation three or four times a day. Fresh water gauze: If we dip a clean gauze in fresh water, we can use it to soften the itching in our dog's eyes. Gently cleaning the contour of your eyes so that the freshness relieves you.
Needless to remember, conjunctivitis is an infection, this means that home remedies can only be used in conjunction with the medications prescribed by the veterinarian. Home remedies alone will never cure conjunctivitis, we must adhere to veterinary treatment.
Types of conjunctivitis in dogs
First of all, what is conjunctivitis in dogs? As we have already advanced, conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the eye conjunctiva and is characterized by producing redness and secretion. It can also be infectious or not, depending on the cause that caused it. In this way, the following are distinguished types of conjunctivitis in dogs:
- Allergic conjunctivitis. As an allergic reaction to virtually any allergen, the conjunctiva can become inflamed and irritated, producing an increase in tear secretion, redness and itching.
- Viral conjunctivitis. Some viruses, such as the cause of canine distemper, can affect the eyes and produce a very annoying and mucopurulent conjunctivitis. Being a virus, this conjunctivitis is contagious and, for the most part, is part of the symptoms of more or less serious diseases.
- Bacterial conjunctivitis. It is also contagious because bacteria are responsible for this type of conjunctivitis in dogs. Sometimes, they are opportunistic bacteria that proliferate as the animal's immune system is weakened by the development of some pathology.
- Foreign body conjunctivitis. The intrusion of foreign bodies into the eye, such as dust, plants or an eyelash, can irritate and inflame the conjunctiva, developing conjunctivitis. It is not contagious and will remit as soon as the foreign body is removed.
It is important to highlight that we should not confuse a conjunctivitis picture with one of dry keratoconunctivitis, because, although they resemble, we are faced with different eye conditions. Known, also, as a dry eye, dry keratoconjunctivitis affects the lacrimal glands causing them to produce a minimum amount of lagrímas and thus causing severe dry eyes. This dryness causes the eye to present a thick and mucopurulent secretion. For other eye infections that may be confused with conjunctivitis, see this article: "Eye infection in dogs - Causes and treatment".
Causes of canine conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis in dogs can be due both to an eventual problem, which only affects the eye itself, as well as to an older one and thus become a symptom of another pathology:
- When we talk about a specific problem which is only related to the eye, we refer to allergies, some foreign body that while playing in the park has been able to damage (plants), dry eyes or when some part of its anatomy is not well at all (malformation in eyelids, ulcers , tabs. ).
- However, conjunctivitis in dogs may also appear as cause of diseases more serious as distemper or hepatitis.
- Finally, other causes of conjunctivitis in dogs are bacterial or viral infections, as we have seen in the previous section.
Regardless of the cause that causes this annoying problem for our dog, it will be easy to detect, since it will be quite scandalous to see our dog with its red eye, or with more tears than normal. Therefore, at any indication, the first will be go to a veterinarian to diagnose the cause, as well as the corresponding treatment.
It is logical to think that if only one of the eyes is wrong, something specific must have happened to that eye. If our dog has been playing between bushes and bushes where he has put the snout, he will also have put the eye and, with total probability, that is the cause of conjunctivitis. However, if both are affected, there is a better chance that our dog will suffer any other problem.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in dogs
In order to identify canine conjunctivitis, it is essential know the symptoms that your dog will present, the following being the most common:
- Difficulty opening the affected eye. Remember that this condition, if it is not the cause of another major pathology, usually appears first in one of the eyes.
- Eye redness. Being an inflammation of the conjunctiva, it is irritated and produces redness.
- Rejection of the light. See if your dog seeks refuge in the parts with less light in your home.
- Excessive tearing. In most cases the excessively teary eye is accompanied by an annoying itching, so your dog will scratch frequently. If so, it is essential that you avoid scratching, as internal injuries could be done with the nails.
- Yellowish or greenish purulent discharge. This symptom will appear in cases of infectious conjunctivitis, more severe, or in those dogs that develop this condition because of another pathology, such as the aforementioned distemper.
If your dog has any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to take him to the vet.
Dogs more prone to conjunctivitis
There are breeds of dogs that, for hereditary reasons, are more likely to suffer from inflammation in the eyes than others. So much the poodle how the cocker They are races prone to hereditary causes and their prevention can only be carried out with a very early examination. Likewise, it will require more specific eye care throughout the life of our dog.
In addition to the previous races, the carlino and the pekingese by the conformation of their skull they are more exposed to all the inclement weather and, in general, to all the elements with which they relate in their life. For example, when sniffing they are more likely to penetrate foreign bodies into their eyes and cause conjunctivitis to appear. Therefore, you should also take greater care with your eyes and consult with your veterinarian how we should clean them daily.
How to cure conjunctivitis in dogs? - Treatment
Curing conjunctivitis in dogs is a simple process, as long as it is not a symptom of any disease. Thus, when we are facing a case of allergic conjunctivitis or foreign bodies, the treatment will go through cleaning the dog's eyes with physiological serum several times a day.
However, when it comes to bacterial conjunctivitis in dogs or viral, mostly due to other diseases of a more serious nature, it will be necessary to administer another type of topical treatment that can only be stipulated and prescribed by a veterinarian. In general, they are used Antibiotics for conjunctivitis in topical dogs, that is, in cream or in the form of drops, in order to reduce conjunctival inflammation and fight viruses or bacteria. The frequency of administration should also be marked by the specialist based on the severity of conjunctivitis.
Can I use a dog eye drop?
The answer is no. To treat and cure conjunctivitis in dogs it is necessary to use an antibiotic eye drops for veterinary prescription dogs. Nor should we use medicines designed for humans or self-medicate our dog, since, by not knowing the exact cause of the problem, we can make the situation much worse. Likewise, if our dog is prone to suffer this type of eye condition and we already have drops in our kit for conjunctivitis in dogs from previous situations, we should check the expiration date and consult with the veterinarian if it is possible to use them again, put that, as we have seen, the causes are very diverse.
How long does conjunctivitis last in dogs?
It is impossible to establish a period of generic duration, since it is the cause of canine conjunctivitis that will determine the recovery time. Thus, if the dog has allergy conjunctivitis or foreign bodies, when removing the allergen or the object that has inflamed the conjunctiva, it can recover within a maximum of 24 hours. On the other hand, if it is a bacterial or viral conjunctivitis, it can be extended days or weeks, depending on the pathogen.
In any case, it is necessary to follow the treatment established by the veterinarian to cure conjunctivitis in dogs as soon as possible. Interrupting the treatment is not appropriate, even if there is a marked improvement or, on the contrary, the dog does not improve. In both cases, the specialist should be contacted to determine how to proceed.
Home remedies for conjunctivitis in dogs
If we do not have physiological serum, we can use a series of home remedies to treat canine conjunctivitis. Of course, these natural treatments will be effective in cases of mild conjunctivitis, such as that produced by foreign bodies or the allergic one. When we are faced with bacterial or viral conjunctivitis, without the administration of antibiotics we will not eliminate it, so the remedies will be a complement but not the solution. That said, the most effective remedies are:
- Chamomile infusion
- Thyme Infusion
- Cold and warm compresses
Do not miss this article to learn how to use them and learn more recommended remedies: "Natural treatments for conjunctivitis in dogs".
How to prevent conjunctivitis in dogs?
To prevent both eye infections or inflammations and any eye disease in dogs, it is important to keep good cleaning habitsocular, that your dog has a good diet that strengthens all its organs and in case there is hair that obstructs the vision that is removed to prevent dirt that accumulates the fur from entering the eyes.
On the other hand, because conjunctivitis in dogs can be viral, it is also important vaccinate the puppy following the instructions of the veterinarian in order to avoid possible infections of the most common pathologies. In adult dogs, the specialist will determine if it is necessary to vaccinate again and how often.
Is conjunctivitis in dogs spread to humans?
The truth is that bacterial and viral conjunctivitis can be transmitted to humans depending on the virus or bacteria I provoked her. Some of these agents can affect dogs, cats and people, which is why, in case of detecting signs of this type of conjunctivitis in dogs, it is prices to visit the specialist as soon as possible in order not only to avoid contagion, but also to prevent Treat the animal and ensure its speedy recovery.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Conjunctivitis in dogs - Causes and symptoms, we recommend you go to our Eye Problems section.