More and more people decide to feed their pets naturally, since this way they get more nutrients than with conventional feed. Do you also want to learn how to prepare homemade dog food? Join up!
In this article by Wakyma We are going to give you useful canine nutrition tips, in addition to teaching you a few recipes that will make your dog grow healthy and strong, And you will also love it!
How to prepare homemade dog food
When preparing homemade dog food, It is important to take into account a few variables in order to be as healthy and nutritious as possible:
- Make sure the ingredients go well ground: Vegetables, meat ... This way, it will be much easier to digest them.
- Keep in mind that not everything goes, there are some foods that are bad for dogs, even toxic. For example, chocolate, raw potato, onion and garlic, grapes and raisins, plums ... If you want more information about what foods are bad for your dog, check out our article on toxic dog foods.
- Try that the food you give your dog is varied and balanced. Our articles on the BARF diet for dogs can help you determine the most appropriate food ratios for your pet, check them out!
- If your dog is accustomed to commercial feed, do not suddenly change your diet. Go introducing the new food mixed with the feed, little by little until you completely discard the dry feed. If you do it suddenly, you will surely suffer from vomiting and diarrhea, your body needs to adapt slowly to the changes.
- Use good quality products.
- When it comes to giving rice, the integral provides more nutrients than the white.
- Do not abuse products that can cause flatulence to your dog, such as broccoli or cauliflower.
- Ask your veterinarian for advice before preparing homemade dog food.
Homemade dog biscuits: rich, healthy and cheap
Homemade dog biscuits allow you to choose the ingredients and avoid additives that do contain commercial snacks
The homemade dog biscuits They can be a tasty edible prize for the animal. In addition, since it is possible to control the ingredients used in each recipe, it is a healthy way to reward to an allergic or gastric problem dog and even to offer a nutritious compensation to an animal that needs special care in the food. At the same time, it prevents the dog from ingesting additives and preservatives that are not recommended, which do contain some snacks commercial canines.
Cooking homemade cookies for the dog is simple and cheap. The recipes are not very different from those used to make cookies for the rest of the family. The only requirements go through eliminate sugar and choose the right ingredients for the dog, as indicated in the following recipes.
5 recipes for natural and homemade dog food:
Rice with vegetables
Both cereals and Vegetables are excellent homemade dog food. To prepare this nutritious and delicious recipe for rice with vegetables for your dog you need:
- 2 cups of brown rice
- 500g chopped chicken or turkey
- 2 carrots
- 1 cup broccoli
- 1 cup spinach
- 2 potatoes
- 4 cups of water or chicken broth
- Wash all vegetables well and cut them into small pieces.
- Boil water or broth and cook for 30 - 40 minutes, until everything is soft.
- On the other hand, boil the rice.
- Mix everything. If you wish, you can pass the vegetables through the crusher to make it even smaller, or puree it.
It's ready! Have you seen how easy? In addition, cheap and rich. Ah! Remember NOT to add salt to your dog's food.
Fish is also a wonderful natural food for our pets. However, try not to abuse blue fish in your diet, it is good for occasional consumption. You can vary with white fish, such as hake.
To prepare this homemade tuna roll for dogs you need:
- 1 can of tuna in water
- 1 teaspoon olive oil
- 1 branch of celery
- 1 large carrot
- 1 teaspoon lemon juice
- 4 tablespoons cottage cheese
- Crush all the ingredients until you get a moldable paste.
- Add the lemon juice and mix well.
- Make a roll or sausage with it.
Ready! You just need to cut portions as you need. Ah Watch out for cheese! It's good in small portions, but don't abuse or it could feel bad. Take good care of your dog when he has eaten cheese, some dogs are lactose intolerant and can cause diarrhea.
What would dogs be without meat! Meats are the basis of natural dog food, and can not be missing in their diet. They are carnivorous animals!
These are the ingredients of homemade meatloaf for dogs:
- 2 cups of brown rice for dogs.
- 3 cups of water
- 2 grated potatoes
- 4 grated carrots
- 2 chopped celery sticks
- 2.5 kg of chopped chicken
- 8 eggs
- 3 tablespoons olive oil
- 1 cup oatmeal
And we prepare it like this:
- Cook the rice and let it cool.
- In a bowl, toss the vegetables and eggs and mix well.
- Add olive oil, oatmeal and rice.
- Spread the mixture on a baking sheet and bake for 30-40 minutes at 200 ° C.
- Let it cool and you will be ready to cut in portions as it suits you.
This homemade dog food is natural, complete, nutritious and delicious!
Chicken meat is one of the best to give dogs. With this recipe you will prepare delicious chicken bars perfect to give your best furry friend a reward. And you only need one ingredient, skinless chicken breasts.
- Remove excess fat from breasts, if any.
- Cut them into long strips, about 2 cm thick.
- Bake the chicken strips at 200 ° C for about 30 minutes, until they are hard and dry.
- Let it cool.
You can store the chicken strips in an airtight pan and give them to your dog little by little. They are a great reward!
And for dessert ... banana ice cream! Suitable for dogs, of course ...
For this delicious natural dessert for dogs you need:
- Peanut butter, 2 - 3 tablespoons.
- 3 ripe bananas
- Crush the bananas and mix them with the peanut butter until you get a homogeneous mixture.
- Divide it into plastic cups or yogurt containers.
- Freeze it.
Did you know that dogs love bananas? And peanut butter too! It is a nutritious, delicious and fun homemade dog food! As it is frozen, eating it to licks will be a game.
Note that You can prepare a lot of these homemade dog food and freeze them by portions. This will always be fresh and your dog will eat it as freshly made!
1. Cereal dog biscuit recipe
One of the healthiest, simplest and most economical options is this recipe for canine cereal biscuits. To get about 40 homemade pastas (the number will depend on the size of the cookie), you need two cups whole wheat flour (or white, in case of intolerance), 100 grams of oat flakes (or bran), 50 grams of butter, vanilla extract and the zest of a lemon. The recipe can be complemented, in the case of non-allergic dogs, with a handful of peeled walnuts.
The elaboration is simple. You have to mix all the ingredients, with the help of a wooden spoon, and knead until you have a homogeneous dough. The idea is to divide the mixture obtained into five parts and separate four of them into bags to keep in the freezer for another time.
With the hands, the small fractions of the dough that have been reserved are shaped like a cookie. To finish, you can use a dog shaped mold, bone or heart The oven must be preheated to 200 ºC and, without greasing, place the pasta on the tray, resting on vegetable paper. They will be ready in about ten or twelve minutes, when the surface has faintly browned, although they should be allowed to cool before offering them to the dog.
As for the quantity, it is not advisable to give the dog in excess, since they are a prize and not a replacement for their usual feeding. When you want to bake more cookies, just extract another fraction of the dough and let it thaw before molding and baking.
2. Recipe for biscuits for dogs with meat, very simple!
Leftover stews are a good base for preparing homemade dog biscuits
Leftovers of dishes or stews with meat are a fantastic base to make these tasty homemade cookies for the dog. The necessary additional ingredients are simple and inexpensive: some 200 grams of whole wheat flour (or white), an egg, a pinch of salt (in case the stew lacks it) and half a cup of hot water.
All ingredients are mixed in a deep bowl, with hot water, until a manageable dough remains. The oven is preheated to about 180 ° C and, meanwhile, some balls are made with the hands, crushed with a wooden roller (like those used to make pizza) and molded with the desired shape. As in the previous recipe, the cookie dough is introduced in the oven and allowed to bake for 15 or 20 minutes (depending on the thickness). We must watch that they do not burn.
- If in addition to a dog, live with cats, there are Rich homemade recipes for cats with meat.
3. Homemade cookies for dogs in the microwave
The microwave allows you to cook some delicious snacks for the dog at home, in a way fast, cheap and healthy. As ingredients, they are enough 100 grams of whole wheat flour (or normal), 100 grams of oatmeal, about 200 grams of chicken or beef fillet (They are worth leftovers from other dishes or stews, provided they do not contain bones or excess fat) and an egg.
The egg is beaten, the meat is added, mixed with a wooden spoon and the rest of the ingredients - candle and flour - are added while stirring, in order to avoid clumps. It is necessary to mold as in the previous recipes and to introduce them in the microwave, inside a suitable container. To make them more juicy, and prevent them from losing too much moisture, it is convenient introduce them covered. With maximum power, they are allowed to cook for about five or six minutes and, if necessary, the cooking time is prolonged.
4. Delicious chicken snacks for dogs
These homemade chicken biscuits are a tasty edible prize for the dog, as well as a few simple and cheap snacks to reward the furry friend. The ingredients that are needed for the dough are the following: 100 grams of flour, 50 milliliters of olive oil, a cup of oat flakes (can be mixed with a tablespoon of brewer's yeast, if desired), vanilla extract and a beaten egg. Some are also included 200 grams of chopped chicken, without bone or skin.
As in the previous recipe, it is mixed in egg, cereals and flour are added and beaten until a homogeneous mass is obtained. The rest of the ingredients are added, including chicken in small pieces (a few centimeters). It is molded, first with the hands and then, to flatten the dough, with a rolling pin. It only remains to put them for about 15 minutes in the oven, preheated to 180 ° C, until golden brown.
Homemade dog biscuits: tricks
Cooking at home the edible prizes for the dog It is a way to control its ingredients: we must dispense with those to whom the dog is allergic or intolerant.
To prevent allergic reactions, by introduce a new ingredient, it is preferable to do it in small quantities.
Chocolate, raisins, onions and avocado are among the foods banned for can, so they should never be added to homemade recipes. In addition, "raw pork meat is toxic to the dog", is pointed out in the book 'Cookies for dogs, homemade!' (NGV, 2012). When in doubt, the veterinarian or canine nutritionist can advise on each case.
For keep cookies, can be placed in a buffer inside the refrigerator. Another option is to use cotton bags or a closed can. Depending on the ingredients they contain, they will last about two or three weeks in this way. Before offering them to the dog, it should be removed from the refrigerator at least ten minutes in advance.
Making a leftover amount of homemade cookie dough for the dog is one way to always have it available: it can be stored in the freezer, in separate bags, just like the rest of the family's food. In any case, if mold is formed, they must be thrown away, including those that are not affected.
Recipe books and canine pastry shops
Bookstores are a good place to experiment with new homemade cookie recipes for the dog.
The manual 'Cookies for dogs', from NGV, is a good starting point.
For those who defend themselves with the English language is 'Gourmet Dog Biscuits' ('Gourmet Dog Biscuits') from Bristol Publishing Enterprises.
Some establishments have specialized in cakes for dogs. This is the case of Miguitas, in Madrid, a place dedicated to the "dog pastry" with natural ingredients.
Food for the dog cooked at home
Eating fast does not have to be synonymous with eating badly. This premise of nutrition is not only valid for people, but also for dogs. "The homemade diet, if balanced, can be used to feed a dog in the same way that commercial food does", says Ignacio Arija, Professor of Animal Nutrition at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid. In that proportion is precisely the key to preparing a nutritious and economical recipe for the dog at home.
And not only can cook for the dog: also exist rich recipes for homemade cat food. In any case, when homemade recipes are not used as a complement (or sporadic prize), but as a habitual diet of the animal, it is essential that they have the supervision and approval of the veterinarian or canine nutritionist. "In these cases, a specialist must design the dog's homemade diet", adds Arija. It is common for this to prescribe commercial nutritional supplements, vitamins and minerals, to accompany the dishes prepared for the dog.
Using the calculator is not enough. That is, it is not valid to use a diet designed for a specific dog and multiply (or divide) based on the kilos of another animal. The reason is that "each dog has specific nutritional needs, which not only have to do with its size," explains the veterinarian.
Balanced homemade food, supervised by the veterinarian, can replace the commercial and allows you to choose its ingredients
On the other hand, home cooked dog food has other relevant advantages over commercial ones: You can choose the quality and quantity of the ingredients that are added to the recipes. In addition, "they usually contain lower concentrations of proteins and salts and, therefore, closer to the actual requirements of the animal," notes Donald R. Strombeck in the book 'Homemade diets for dogs and cats. The healthy alternative '(Blackwell Publishing, 1999), considered one of the bibles of homemade animal nutrition.
The guideline for cooking dishes for the dog is avoid sugar and forbidden food for the dog (such as chocolate, onion, grapes, raisins, avocado). From these premises, preparing fast dishes for the animal at home is not complicated. We must remember, of course, that these dishes have to be sporadic. The dog must receive them as a reward and, if it is intended to be included in the usual diet, it is necessary to have the approval of the veterinarian.
The five recipes explained below contain ingredients commonly used by the rest of the family and their processing does not exceed 15 minutes.
1. Chicken with rice for the dog: 14 minutes
The white rice of the family is a quality food, base of numerous homemade recipes for the dog
He Rice and chicken are the basic ingredients to start in homemade dog recipes, healthy and economical. "You can use white rice, like the one people consume on a regular basis, since it is a good quality food," explains Arija. Brown rice, which contains more fiber, is another option to prepare this dish for the dog, "but without abusing," warns the veterinarian, since excess fiber can cause diarrhea.
He elaboration process is as follows. The rice is cooked, in the usual way or a little past, if desired, "to facilitate the access of the enzymes of the digestive system of the dog to the starch of the grains," says the veterinarian. The cooking time is around 15 minutes.
While the rice is being made, the chicken can be prepared. "The ideal thing is that they are noble, lean parts of the animal, that is, that they are not remains or contain bones," adds the nutritionist. The healthiest option is to opt for breasts. To cook them there are several possibilities: either cook them in boiling or grilled water. Once cooked they are added to the rice and the cheap, fast and healthy first dish for the can is ready.
2. Vegetable puree for the dog: 15 minutes
Dogs are animals that, like people, can feed on meat and vegetarian dishes. "A vegetarian diet does not have to cause nutritional deficiencies in the dog, as long as it is balanced", notes Donald R. Strombeck in his manual.
A simple possibility is to cook a mashed lentils, which can then be mixed with rice. If you have to soak the vegetables the night before soaking and use a quick pot, the processing time does not exceed 15 minutes.
Strombeck recommends using tofu (a curd of soy milk, which contains high quality protein) to complete meatless dishes, when the intention is to make these recipes part of the dog's usual diet. However, tofu can raise the price of the dish. And it is possible to do without it when the vegetarian diet is not the only one that ingests the can. In this case, vegetable dishes are usually, in addition to a nutritious option for the animal, cheaper for the purse.
3. Tuna snacks for the can: 12 minutes
Fast and tasty. The elaboration of these fish delicacies for the dog admits several possibilities. Perhaps the simplest - while fast - is to opt for tuna whims.
The elaboration is as follows. The contents of a couple of tuna cans are crushed (better, low in salt and without oil). Add a beaten egg and half a glass of hot water, to make dough. The mixture is moved with the help of a fork. Once it has homogeneous consistency, the whims are introduced in the oven (about ten minutes) or in the microwave, let them cool slightly andvoilà! They are ready to delight the furry friend.
4. Scrambled eggs with "something": 9 minutes
Broken or fried eggs (with little oil) and mixed in the iron with "something", as proposed by the dog feeding expert Carlos Gutiérrez in his dog Nutritionist blog, are a fast and economical dish with which to reward a dog.
Nail green beans (boiled or left over from food), a little cooked pasta (the same) or a few pieces of Ham (without fat or bones) perfectly accompany this simple recipe for the dog, which does not take more than nine minutes of preparation. Only one requirement: it is important not to add salt, especially if you add animal ingredients to eggs.
5. Macaroni for the dog: 13 minutes
A simple pasta dish can become a nutritious and cheap homemade proposal for the can. The dough chosen should be short: macaroni or similar (and not elongated, spaghetti type), so that he can chew it without difficulty. If the water is boiled in a specific heater (which accelerates the boiling), the paste can be ready in about 13 minutes.
Some crashed or cooked eggs in tortilla form (with little oil) will be a perfect complement to these macaroni. The preparation of the dish can be completed with a couple of chicken breasts and even with a can of sardines, better if they are natural.
Ten tips for cooking for the dog
1. Home cooking is an option to feed the dog, but it can only replace commercial meals (feed and cans) when a balanced diet is prepared, with the supervision of the veterinarian or canine nutritionist.
2. Each dog has different nutritional needs, which not only depend on their weight. Therefore, it is not valid to obtain a home-based diet and recalculate the necessary amounts depending on the kilos of the dog.
3. Homemade dishes allow cook safely for allergic dogs or with special nutritional requirements. But always with the approval of the veterinarian.
4. Most of the homemade recipes for the dog do not serve as an exclusive diet: in these cases, commercial nutritional supplements - especially those of vitamin B12, in vegetarian diets - are essential and should be prescribed by the doctor.
5. High-end commercial diets are carefully prepared. Its nutrients and components are balanced to meet the dog's food needs. To achieve the same with a homemade diet, it must be carefully designed by a canine nutritionist.
6. Cooked dog dishes they must not contain an excessive number of ingredients: the digestive system of a dog is not the same as the human. Four or five are enough.
7. Dogs do not admit frequent changes in feeding, as we accept people. This explains the importance of developing a healthy and balanced diet, with veterinary supervision.
8. To design a homemade diet for the dog, it is essential to know your dietary needs: both the number of daily calories you need, and the amount of vitamins and other essential nutrients.
9. There are certain Forbidden food For the dog, they are toxic even in small quantities. He chocolate, onion, garlic, raisins, grapes and avocado They are among them. Salt and sugar should also be avoided, as well as bypassing raw pork.
10. Food allergies in the dog are not strange. When they are diagnosed, it is essential to eliminate the components that produce them. And to prevent dangers, it is essential to incorporate the new ingredients of the dog's homemade diet gradually, in small quantities.
Ice Cream For Banana Dogs
To finish with a dessert, a homemade ice cream for dogs.
- 4 natural yogurts
- 2 tablespoons peanut butter
- 3 ripe bananas, peeled and crushed.
- Mix all the ingredients until they are pureed.
- Fill the mixture in plastic cups.
- Place the cups in the freezer until the mixture is frozen.
- Once frozen you can take it out and serve it to your dog.
The remaining cups of ice cream can be stored in the freezer for 2 weeks and gradually removed.
Meat with rice and vegetables
- Cook the rice in water
- Wash and finely chop all vegetables
- Cut all the meat, heart and chinchulín into small dice. Seal them in a very hot pan.
- Mix the rice with oatmeal, bran and vegetables.
- Finally, add the meat coc>
- Wash the quinoa, drain and cook in water, along with the sweet potato or sweet potato, cut into small cubes.
- Cut the breast into small cubes and seal it in a pan. As an alternative method, you can cook it in water and crumble.
- Puree the avocado and the banana, add a few drops of lemon juice. Add the shredded ricotta cheese.
- Mix the sweet potato and quinoa with the chicken.
- Finally, add mashed avocado, banana and ricotta and it is ready to serve.
Rice and legumes omelette
- Soak the lentil, better if you do it the night before.
- Cook the lentil and rice, separately, in enough water.
- Finely chop the carrots, zucchini and peppers.
- Crumble the ricotta cheese and mix it with the vegetables and the wheat bran.
- Once co>
- Cook the rice, in water, along with the coconut oil.
- Cut the turkey into small pieces, seal it in a pan or, cook it in water.
- Cook the peas in water and reserve.
- Chop the pepper and mango, in small pieces or crush them.
- Mix the rice, peas and oats. Add the mango with the pepper and, finally, add the turkey.
Fruited Pork Loin
- Cut the pork loin into small cubes, and seal them in a very hot pan.
- Wash and cook the quinoa, until it absorbs all the water.
- In a separate pot, cook the lentil. Remember to let it soak from the previous night to cook it.
- Chop the mango and prepare a mash with the avocado and the banana. Add the blueberries and mango.
- Mix quinoa, lentil and oatmeal, add fruit puree and pork. It is ready to serve.
Care for a natural diet for dogs
When we feed our dogs with homemade food, there are several issues that we should consider so as not to make mistakes and, moreover, avoid abandoning this new form of feeding. From the selection of fresh and appropriate ingredients, to proper dental cleaning, are some of the topics that we put to your consideration.
Before starting a Natural Diet for Dogs
Dogs, as with any living being, have different nutritional needs during the different stages of its development. For this, we must take into consideration the following aspects:
- His weight
- Amount of physical activity (if active or sedentary)
- its development stage (puppy, adult or elderly)
- In the case of females, if this pregnant or breastfeeding
- Health of our pet. If you have any condition that involves a special diet, such as being overweight, diabetes, allergies or cancer.
Every dog is different., what works for one, may not work for another. Coordinate with your veterinarian an initial evaluation, it will help you define a food plan and, if required, a dog nutritionist can recommend you to prepare a personalized diet.
your commitment and perseverance is the most important. Preparing natural food for our dogs is a simple task if we propose it. Plan and prepare enough for the week, freeze backup portions, and feed it in a frequency that is comfortable for you (between 1 and twice a day is more than enough). If you want to know what foods dogs can eat, don't forget to click on this link.
Here you will find recipes very easy to prepare, delicious and with the ideal balance of nutrients, that your dog will enjoy from the first bite. If you want to know how many daily calories your pet needs, use my Nutritional calculator for dogs.
I think versus Homemade Dog Food
There is a growing trend that believes that feed is unhealthy, undigestable and, in the long run, harmful to our pets. There are countless options available in the market, on average, around 60% correspond to medium to bad quality brands, with poor quality ingredients and based on grains such as corn and soybeans.
On their side, there are premium brands of very good quality, which offer a balanced diet, but their high cost may be restrictive for some of us. To identify a good quality feed, read the nutritional information and ingredients. A top brand will indicate the type of meat used in your recipe, plus one of medium or low quality will mention it generically.
The main advantage that a feed gives us is comfort. Being a dry food, it does not need further care in its storage. The quality of the feed is linked to the quality of its ingredients. Very fatty dry foods or, with generic descriptions of their ingredients, are some signs of poor quality feed.
On the other hand, when we cook homemade food for our dogs, it is in our hands ensure its quality, when choosing the ingredients. The main problems of home food and a natural diet are:
- A bad formulation. That is not properly balanced.
- Poor quality ingredients. Damaged products or suppliers of doubtful reputation, only to generate savings.
- Incorrect storage and handling. One of the main causes of contamination and intoxication of dogs and humans.
It doesn't matter if you decide on a natural diet for your dog or keep the feed, always keep in mind that quality must prevail. Lean on your trusted veterinarian, as a specialist is the right person to help you control and monitor, whatever diet you decide to give your puppy.
Natural Food for Dogs
Dogs are considered non-strict carnivores, that is, although it has all the characteristics of a carnivorous animal, its digestive system is adapted to process food of non-animal origin. Of course, the basis of your diet should be meat, never the other way around.
When we talk about a natural diet for our dogs, we mean all those recipes that include fresh products, easily digestible and contain no preservatives No chemicals added.
The amount of healthy food for dogs is abysmal, from all kinds of meats, to fruits and vegetables full of vitamins and nutrients. Many others, if consumed in excess, can cause negative effects, but there are other foods that are dangerous and should be avoided at all costs.
The main advantage of a natural diet for dogs is, without hesitation, the use of healthier ingredients. By not being subjected to manufacturing processes, they manage to keep their nutritional value almost intact. Similarly, a natural and fresh food is more digestible, aiding in digestion. Since most of the ingredients to be used are the same for human consumption, the risk of contamination of bacteria and parasites is lower.
The genetic evolution of dogs, after thousands of years of domestication, has allowed it to adapt to feeding patterns that include a wide variety of ingredients, both raw and cooked, especially the ability to break down starch in your digestive system.
The BARF diet
Durante los últimos años se ha mantenido como la tendencia del momento! Día a día, suma adeptos, tanto que hoy encontramos empresas que ofrecen esta dieta lista y congelada. La Alimentación Cruda Biológicamente Apropiada (ACBA), como también se lo conoce, habla de ofrecer una alimentación que sea lo más cercana posible a lo que comían los ancestros del perro actual. Pero, ¿es realmente una dieta adecuada para nuestras mascotas?
La formulación general de una dieta BARF consiste en:
- 60% huesos carnosos
- 25% carne
- 15% frutas, vegetales, vísceras o huevos
- Suplementos y vitaminas en diferentes porcentajes
La filosofía de la dieta BARF gira en torno a una alimentación cuyo principal ingrediente es el hueso. Cabe aclarar, hueso carnudo, osea, que contenga un 40% a 50% de su peso en carne. Esto ha generado un amplio debate sobre si es o no una dieta adecuada para perros.
Para hacernos una idea de la polémica alrededor de esta dieta, solo basta comentarle a nuestro veterinario que queremos, o estamos alimentando a nuestro perro con ACBA y ver su reacción de temor y sorpresa. Y, todo se debe a que no existe evidencia científica que respalde los tan alabados resultados de esta dieta. Por el contrario, todo está respaldado en evidencia empírica.
Dieta Cruda para Perros
Existen varios estudios y textos sobre nutrición canina, que establecen los requerimientos nutricionales en base a las diferentes etapas de desarrollo de los perros. Esta información es utilizada para la elaboración de pienso seco, sin embargo, también puede aplicarse para formular una dieta natural para perros.
Alimentar a nuestras mascotas con carne CRUDA de calidad, es lo que caracteriza a esta dieta, sin embargo, no es la única ni la principal fuente de energía. Además de fibra vegetal, está la inclusión de carbohidratos.
¿Carbohidratos? Si, y son un componente muy importante por 3 factores:
- Son una fuente alta de calorías
- Producen la sensación de saciedad
- Ayudan en la digestión
Los estudios sobre nutrición canina mencionan, como en el caso del libro “Nutrición Canina y Felina, 3ra edición, L. Case (Mosby, 2011)” que las proteínas de origen animal, además de ser una fuente calórica, aporta nutrientes esenciales que ayudan en tareas de regeneración y formación muscular.
Por su lado, los carbohidratos son una fuente ideal de energía que, como en el caso del arroz, es altamente digerible y palatable para los perros. Al combinar hidratos de carbono con proteína en la comida para perros, conseguimos que la primera sea la fuente de energía, permitiendo a la segunda ser absorbida y aprovechada para tareas de regeneración.
The fibra vegetal cumple otra función importante, aunque esta es poco conocida y aplicada. Además de los nutrientes y vitaminas que ofrecen frutas y hortalizas, al llegar al intestino se fermentan, promoviendo una mejor salud de la flora intestinal, con mayor absorción de nutrientes, aportando a una mejor salud en general.
Comida Natural para Perros, ¿Cruda o Cocinada?
Cuando decidimos alimentar a nuestros perros con una dieta casera y natural una de las primeras preocupaciones es si esta debe ser cruda o cocida. ¿Hay alguna diferencia? Si que la hay.
La cocción de los alimentos nos permite eliminar bacterias, además, dependiendo del método de cocción, podrá agregar sabor a nuestra receta de comida casera para perros.
Desde un punto netamente nutricional, los alimentos frescos deberían ser consumidos sin cocinar, para aprovechar todo su valor nutricional. Por supuesto, hay otros, como el arroz o la yuca, que deben ser cocinados para que sean digeribles. Pero, desde el lado de seguridad y confianza, muchos preferimos cocinar nuestros alimentospara evitar infecciones.
Cuando preparamos una receta de comida casera para perros, cualquiera de las dos opciones es valida, siempre que cuides de los ingredientes y realices una cocción adecuada. Elige la forma que te de mayor confianza y comodidad, eso si, si optas por cocinar, recuerda NO agregar sal, ni otros condimentos.
Los huesos en la alimentación natural para perros
Existe la creencia popular que los huesos son una fuente ideal de calcio y de otros nutrientes para nuestros perros. Es por esto que en la dieta BARF se resalta la “necesidad” de incluir huesos como ingrediente principal. But, ¿qué tan cierto es esto?
De seguro habrás escuchado de casos de perros con obstrucciónintestinal, incluso con perforación gástrica a causa de huesos. Los huesos tienen el potencial de causar más daño que beneficio a nuestros perros y, si se los das todos los días, el riesgo aumenta. Por esta razón, es que muchos sitios te recomiendan triturarlos antes de darlos a nuestros perros. Si se supone que es bueno y nutritivo, ¿para que pasar por tantas molestias para ofrecerlo?
En la naturaleza, si observamos animales carnívoros, consumen a su presa dejando los huesos, los restos quedan para los carroñeros y, al final, el esqueleto queda ahí. Algunos carnívoros utilizan los huesos para “jugar”, mordiéndolos mientras limpian sus dentaduras.
Cuando una presa es pequeña, el carnívoro puede llegar a consumirla totalmente, como un zorro a una gallina. Pero, en este tipo de casos, los huesos son flexibles, no se astillan y pueden ser digeridos sin problemas. ¿Por qué? Como con cualquier parte anatómica, los huesos tienen una cantidad de agua determinada, la misma que se pierde por efectos de la evaporación.
La dieta BARF promueve la alimentación de huesos crudos, porque son digeribles y otras letanías. La realidad es que, el hueso que encontramos en la carnicería ya perdió mucha del agua que contenía. Al ser consumida por el perro, las partículas del hueso intentarán absorber agua, provocando constipación y estreñimiento, heces duras, e incluso obstrucción gástrica. Solo basta observar sus deposiciones, luego de consumir hueso, serán de color blanquecino y de consistencia más dura.
Un hueso podrá ser un golosina ideal que podemos ofrecer cada cierto tiempo, pero no debe ser parte de ninguna dieta para perros. Si estás pensando en darle un hueso a tu perro, consulta con tu veterinario la opción más segura para tu mascota. Existen varias alternativas, desde huesos naturales que han sido cocinados, hasta premios con consistencia similar. Por último, recuerda que los huesos no son un ingrediente que deba incluirse en ninguna receta de comida casera para perros.
- Fundación Americana de Medicina Veterinaria – https://www.avma.org/Pages/home.aspx
- American Kennel Club – link aquí.
- PetMD – las 10 mejores frutas y vegetales para tu perro.
- Nutrición Canina y Felina 3ra Edición – L.Case (Mosby, 2011) (versión en ingles)
- Dietas Caseras para Perros y Gatos, P. Schenck, 2da edición. (versión en ingles)
Conservación de las Dietas Caseras para Perros
Al igual que con nuestros propios alimentos, la comida natural que preparamos para nuestros perros, debe ser almacenada en la nevera o en congelador.
Lo más importante a recordar, es:
- Separa en porciones, acorde a las necesidades de tu perrito
- Almacena la comida en recipientes plásticos, de vidrio o en bolsas plásticas
- Las porciones congeladas te pueden durar hasta 3 meses
- Si descongelaste una porción de comida, esta debe ser consumida en su totalidad, no puede volver a congelarse ya que perderá humedad y nutrientes
- No almacenes sobras. Cualquier resto de comida casera que no haya sido consumida por tu perro, debe ser desechada en la basura
Preparar el alimento casero para tu perro con anticipación te ayudará a ahorrar tiempo, sea que decidas congelar porciones o tenerlas en refrigeración. Es recomendable, mantener un par de porciones congeladas, para cualquier eventualidad o emergencia.
Datos adicionales sobre la alimentación natural para perros
Para un 94% de consumidores, la salud es el principal factor al elegir una dieta para sus mascotas. Un 37% y en aumento, están interesados en encontrar una dieta para perro natural, fresca y saludable. Con opciones múltiples, podemos elegir entre comprarla fresca, congelada, deshidratada o aprender a cocinar comida para perros.
Existe gran cantidad de sitios que te ofrecen recetas de comida para perros, pero ¿sabemos la cantidad diaria que debemos darle? Muchas de estas recetas no te indican la cantidad de calorías que tiene, por tanto es difícil conocer la porción ideal para nuestro perrito.
Aprender a formular una recetas para nuestros perros, nos ayudará a preparar un alimento balanceado, personalizado al gusto y necesidades de cada perro, sea que buscas como engordar un perro, alimentar cachorros o una dieta específica para una enfermedad.
Entender las necesidades nutricionales y alimenticias de un perro, es el primer paso para prepararle un alimento natural que satisfaga sus necesidades. Una correcta proporción de proteína, grasa y fibra, nos dará el balance correcto de nutrientes para una buena alimentación, luego, podremos calcular la porción adecuada en base a su condición física, edad y salud.
Advertencia y Recomendaciones
Antes de realizar un cambio en la alimentación de tu mascota es muy importante que consultes con tu veterinario sobre las necesidades y requerimientos que tu perro necesita. Prepara tus recetas de comida casera para perros con la aprobación del veterinario.
Todo cambio de comida puede causar molestias estomacales, provocando diarrea, en casos más severos vómito. Para minimizar estos problemas, se recomienda introducir el nuevo alimento de forma paulatina.
Si estas interesado, puedes visitar los siguientes enlaces amigos, en donde encontrarás información útil sobre batidoras planetarias, la tija telescópica para tu bicicleta, una trituradora de hojas para tu jardín, espumadores de leche, arroceras eléctricas o una nueva cacerola para tu cocina. También, puedes revisar este Directorio de Paginas Web
Por ultimo, recuerda que una dieta a base de productos naturales, es susceptible de contaminación, lavar y cocinar bien algunos de los alimentos nos ayudará a ofrecer un alimento seguro, y altamente nutritivo para nuestros perritos.