Dermatitis in dogs: symptoms and treatment


Dermatitis is a very common disease in dogs. A poor diet, or even living in an environment that is not the most appropriate can cause the annoying symptoms of this problem that can become very serious.

In order for our friend to recover as soon as possible, it is important to be aware of any changes in behavior and routine that may occur. In this way, we can take the necessary measures. So, I will tell you how to know if my dog ​​has dermatitis.

Symptoms of dermatitis in dogs

Dermatitis is a disease that causes inflammation or hypersensitivity of the skin due to an allergy. While it usually affects young dogs more, you should never lower your guard as adults can also suffer from it. The most frequent symptoms are the following:

  • Allergic rhinitis: You will have watery and ocular nasal secretions, in addition to itching and possible irritation in these two parts of the body.
  • Skin scratching: The itching you may feel will make you scratch a lot, very often.
  • Loss of hair: so much that you can scratch, there could come a time when hair can fall out.
  • Wounds and scabs: If scratching is constant, the hairy itself can end up harming himself.
  • Irritated and inflamed ears: dermatitis can also cause symptoms in the ears, which may turn reddish.

What is your treatment?

If we suspect that you have dermatitis we should take it to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Once there, the professional can prescribe corticosteroids to reduce itching and inflammation. However, only with this is often not enough, so it is recommended to combine drug treatment with natural remedies, such as lemon bath. Also it is important to avoid taking him for a walk in the early morning and in the afternoon, it is when there is a higher concentration of pollen.

Thus, little by little our dog will return to a completely normal life.

Dermatitis in dogs, what is it?

In most cases, Dermatitis in dogs is an allergic reaction to some or some of the substances or materials with which the dog has contact, whether direct or not. It can be food, elements of its environment, some tissues, pollen, mites ... Most of them are suspended in the air or deposited on the ground.

Some times of the year favor or aggravate canine dermatitis, such as spring, due to pollination. When the allergy is of this type there is no possible cure, as it becomes chronic.

Causes of dermatitis in dogs

Canine dermatitis It may be a consequence of different factors combined. One of the most important components of a dog's development is its genetics, and It has been shown that in many cases, the predisposition of dermatitis in dogs is hereditary: A dog that has inherited from its parents a weak immune system is much more exposed to all types of allergens.

Apart from the congenital factor, There are other reasons that can cause canine dermatitis, such as improper feeding. If the feed is of poor quality, does not have the correct proportions of food and does not meet the needs of healthy fats, this can greatly affect the health of the dog. Your skin and hair will dry, destroying the natural fat barrier that protects you from diseases and all kinds of external threats. This can also happen if we bathe our dog with a very aggressive shampoo or if we do it more often than it needs.

Symptoms of dermatitis in dogs

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Canine dermatitis It usually appears between 6 months and 3 years of age of the dog, but sometimes the onset of the disease gives symptoms so mild that they are not noticeable at first.

If dermatitis in the dog is due to an allergy to pollen, we will see that the symptoms vary or disappear depending on the time of the year, the spring and summer seasons are the worst for this condition.

The main symptom that causes dermatitis in dogs is a permanent itching, which may vary in intensity depending on the severity. The dog, before this itching, will not stop scratching and licking and his skin will end up flushed, resentful and irritated. The parts of the body where these itching most often occur are the ears, legs, armpits, feet (especially between the fingers) and The face, around the eyes.

It is very important to put a solution to canine dermatitis as soon as possible, since If the dog does not stop scratching it could end up causing infections by damaging its own epidermis. For any hint of itching or discomfort in your dog's skin, go to your veterinarian!

Treatment of dermatitis in dogs

We cannot determine a specific treatment for dermatitis in dogs, because it depends on many factors, including the nature of dermatitis in each animal.

Sometimes It is not easy to find the right medication, and the results are sometimes not immediate. Curing dermatitis requires patience!

When dermatitis symptoms appear in your dog, You should go to the veterinarian as soon as possible so you can diagnose it and determine its cause. You will have an allergy test and a skin culture to rule out other diseases.

When there is atopic dermatitis, The dog may also be allergic to some foods or to insect bites. As there are so many possible causes, it is essential to discover which one causes it in order to establish the most appropriate treatment for dermatitis in each dog.

These are the most common treatments for atopic dermatitis in dogs. Sometimes not only one is practiced, but combinations of them:

  • Immunotherapy: It consists of a series of injections with a small dose of the allergen that causes dermatitis, weak enough for the body to cope with. That is, it is a vaccine.
  • Topical therapy: the active agents of the medications are found in shampoos and conditioners, which are thus trained to eliminate allergens, restore the natural epidermal barrier and soothe itching.
  • Anti-inflammatory and corticosteroids: They are used only in the most severe cases and when there is a risk of secondary infections.
  • As a complement to these treatments, it is advisable to give the dog a supplement of omega acids 3 and 6, which help to restore the natural state of the skin.

Can dermatitis in dogs be treated with natural therapies?

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Symptoms of atopic canine dermatitis They can be controlled with a multitude of natural remedies. They will not be able to cure it, just as the chemists will not, but they will alleviate the inconvenience.

Keeping a proper diet is essential to combat the symptoms of dermatitis in dogs. They need a complete and balanced food that strengthens their immune system. Further, they can take vitamin supplements, such as orthomolecular therapy. Check with your veterinarian always before offering your pet these treatments.

Itching of dermatitis in dogs can also be calmed with baths with natural aloe vera shampoo and colloidal oatmeal. You can prepare it at home by following this recipe:

  • 3 cups distilled water
  • 1 tablespoon liquid castile soap
  • 3 tablespoons of natural aloe vera, without chemical components
  • 1 tablespoon glycerin
  • 1 drop chamomile oil
  • 5 drops of lavender oil
  • 5 drops rosewood oil
  • 1 drop of geranium essential oil
  • ¼ cup calcium montmorillotine clay
  • ¼ cup colloidal oatmeal

We will mix all the ingredients well and store it in an opaque container. Remember to shake it well before each use. Essential oils can be somewhat difficult to find., can be omitted but could lose some effectiveness.

Before the first use, Make sure you do an allergy test on your dog. Apply a little of this shampoo on a small area of ​​your skin and wait 24 hours. If after this time there have been no adverse reactions, you can proceed to bathe it. Leave the product to act for 5 minutes before rinsing.

You can bathe your dog with this shampoo once every two days until improvement is observed. Then you can do only one bath per week.

Can dermatitis be prevented in dogs?

If you want to prevent your dog from suffering from dermatitis, The first thing you should do is try to avoid, as far as possible, having contact with potential allergens. For example, if it is pollen that produces your allergy, try not to spend much time in areas where it abounds.

If your dog is allergic to mites, Try to maintain good hygiene of your bed, blanket and other accessories where these parasites can accumulate. In addition, you will also prevent diseases such as scabies. If you wish, You can buy specific disinfectant products.

If your dog's atopic dermatitis is due to fleas, you will need to complete flea treatment and avoid contact with dogs that might have them.

And above all, keep in mind that The best way to prevent and cope with all types of diseases is veterinary monitoring. Go to the office as soon as you see symptoms, the sooner it is diagnosed and treated, the better!