Animals

Pekingese: care, feeding, hygiene and more advice on this breed of dog

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It is true that the Pekingese is a very calm dog when he has reached his adult stage and also likes to recreate himself in his comfort, but like any other dog you need to walk daily.

Daily walks fulfill important functions regarding the care of the Pekingese dog:

  • It allows you to have good hygienic habits and realize your needs outside the home. Remember that it is essential that dogs can mark during the walk, thus delimiting their territory, something that is part of their natural behavior.
  • It helps you maintain proper socialization, relating to other people and animals, as well as maintaining contact with elements of the environment (noise, smells, substrates.)
  • They need to be able to explore their surroundings, sniffing to receive information from other dogs, people and events of the place where they live.
  • It is necessary for the dog to be active and vital, the walks are even more important as the Pekingese approaches his senior age.
  • It helps them wear their nails.

Obviously these rides must have a duration and intensity in line with the physical abilities of this breed. Just as when we talk about large and very energetic dogs we recommend that the walks be approximately 20-30 minutes, the Pekingese needs much less time on each walk, these being 15 or 20 minutes at most We can make several departures a day to keep you active and fit.

Do not forget that you should be very careful when you go through the hottest times. The Pekingese, because of its flattened snout and long fur, is susceptible to heat stroke with some ease, so it will be indispensable always bring fresh water to be able to offer you.

In the same way, we will have caution when we do excursions or long walks, carrying a small carrier or bag to be able to shelter you if we observe you very tired. Also by its flat nose it can have difficulty breathing.

Pekingese dog feeding

The Pekingese dog is quite small, however, the ideal weight should be placed on 5 kg in males and 5.4 kg. in females. Remember that your bone structure is heavier than in other races and that your body structure is very strong.

To provide the Pekingese with the nutrition he needs but, at the same time, prevent him from suffering excess weight in the future, it will be enough to offer him two daily meals properly rationed and calculated in the case of adult dogs, since puppy dogs will need to eat more frequently. Similarly, puppy dogs will also need control of the amount of food.

As for the proportion of nutrients, like all dogs, the Pekingese needs a high concentration of protein in the company of more moderate proportions of carbohydrates and healthy fats.

A very common option is to bet on a I think of good quality, provided that the package is labeled that it is a "nutritionally complete" food. This indication guarantees that our dog will not suffer nutritional deficiencies.

However, we can also complete your diet by offering from time to time home made recepies. Also, if you want to feed your Pekingese dog with natural foods at home, you should consult your veterinarian to ensure that you receive all the essential nutrients in the correct proportion.

To avoid overweight and even obesity, you can bet on using natural prizes of vegetables, such as carrots for example, as well as low calorie treats that you find in the market. In this way and knowing that the Pekingese is not especially active, you will ensure that you do not gain weight due to the use of prizes.

The Pekingese dog's coat is long, abundant and silky, forming a kind of mane around his neck. Keeping it in good condition is important so that the hair does not get tangled and so that our pet continues to have that adorable appearance so characteristic of the Pekingese.

We recommend a daily and soft brushing, among other reasons because this simple action also strengthens the affective bond between dog and human and helps our pet stay disciplined, in a totally enjoyable way. We must pay special attention in times of molt, which are usually in spring and autumn.

Brushing is useful to remove dead hair, clean the dog (since we reduce the frequency of bathing) and quickly detect the detection of parasites, knots and lesions. It can also help us to work the manipulation to ensure that the veterinarian is treated without problems.

He pekingese dog bath It can be done at least every 15 or 20 days, but it is recommended on a monthly basis, so as not to damage the natural protective layer of your skin. Before bathing our Pekingese at home we will need to untangle your hair with a "rake" brush and then we can thoroughly wash the fur. Do not forget to brush it at the end and dry very well, as well as use a specific dog shampoo.

If we decide to take you to a dog groomer, we can also choose to cut your hair, very beneficial in the hottest times. Of course, remember to take care of the hair around the eyes so that it does not bother and cause injuries.

Apart from everything mentioned above, you can continue taking care of your Pekingese dog with all kinds of activities and games, which allow it to be mentally stimulated. It will depend on it that you are happy and that you do not develop behavioral problems.

We can play intelligence games at home or teach you basic obedience orders. All the time we dedicate to our Pekingese dog will help us strengthen our bond with him and enrich his day to day.

If you want to read more articles similar to Pekingese dog care, we recommend that you enter our Basic Care section.

Everything you should know about the Dog-Lion

This beautiful pet, affectionate and sensitive with its owners, can become quite possessive with them. This makes that, in certain cases, he is not the best friend of the children, because when he shows himself something dominant with his masters, he is prone to develop certain jealousy towards the smallest of the house.

Brave and combative race, what attracts attention due to their size, they are distrustful of strangers and are perfect watchdogs as they warn with their barking of the presence of any stranger.

Its ancient origins date back to China and more specifically to Tibet 4000 years ago, coming from Lasha Apso dogs. These small and aristocratic pets that originally belonged to the Manchu dynasty, were considered the incarnation of the mythical Fu dog, being used to keep evil spirits away.

Thus, they were considered some Divine beings before whose presence the commoners had to rest their head and whose robbery was punishable by the death penalty. For several centuries he was spoiled and venerated as the property of the Chinese imperial court, where at the death of any emperor, the sacrifice of his pequineses followed, as there was a belief that in this way they would continue to protect them in the hereafter. In the nineteenth century, the specimens of this breed were not missing in the courthouses of the court known as the Celestial Empire.

The first to set its standard was the Chinese empress Tzu-Hsi, who determined that this breed should show the same color as a lion's mantle. As for its front legs, they had to be curved so that their specimens were not eager to leave the imperial gardens and would wear on their neck their characteristic necklace, as a symbol of dignity.

His arrival in Europe is around 1860 when, in the middle of the Opium War and despite the attempts of the Chinese to annihilate all the Pequineses so that they did not end up in the hands of the British, a few copies were saved and were left to be in the possession of Queen Victoria and from Duke Richmond.

Specifically, the first Pekingese to arrive in Europe was said queen, so it is customary since then to be part of the English aristocracy.

While his fame grew in England and throughout the West, in China he disappeared. In 1896 the breed was recognized by the Kennel Club and the Japanese Asiatic Club, in 1902 it developed its official standard.

Characteristics and physical features

its head It is solid, showing a wide skull, flat between the ears and also wide between the eyes. Its profile is quite flat and the nose is placed between the eyes.

Their ears They have a lot of long hair. They are placed high on the head, in the front of the skull. Its length must not exceed the jaws. It usually keeps them down and close to the face.

Their eyes They are big, bright and dark. Well separated on their face, they are as bulging as vivacious.

its nose It is wide, short and black, with open and large nostrils. Its upper part must be at the center of the eyes.

its snout It is wrinkled, wide, flat and short. Tends to exhibit teeth.

its neck It is also wide and short.

Their forelimbs They are wide, cut and endowed with strong bones. Its curved legs fit tightly to the shoulder and elbows perfectly to the body.

its body It is short, with a wide chest, with well rounded ribs. The body is less wide and marks the size. The back very straight, does not exceed the level of the legs.

Their hind limbs They are not so thick, but show poise and firmness.

Their feet They are flat, wide and not round. The strikers have them slightly out.

its tail It is high placed, carried firmly. It curves a little on the back and is adorned with a lot of plume hair.

its fur It is two mantles. With abundant external hair, long and straight, both in the front of the body and in the neck has long hair. Its outer mantle is dense, thin and woolly. The longest hair, which creates what are called feathers, has it in ears, tail, behind the legs and feet.

its hair It includes all colors, being able to be bicolor or tricolor.

The litter It is usually three to four puppies.

Peking manga

These cute little dogs, which are miniature Pekingese versions, They can be born in litters in which the rest of the puppies have a normal size, as do their father and mother.

Some “manga” males are used for breeding, not so dwarf females, as they could give birth to normal-sized puppies that would compromise their own health during childbirth.

This tiny variety was once highly valued by the Chinese imperial family and still has countless followers.

Temperament

His character is very characteristic of the breed. We have already hinted that it is a great guard dog Since it barks a lot and, if we educate it so that it does not, it will at least emit a series of sounds that will immediately alert you to the proximity of strangers.

If a Pekingese likes something, it is to be comfortably installed in the privacy of your home and you do not need too much exercise, although like any other dog you need to take a daily walk or two shorties.

A safe pet, which is always alert and very brave, which does not mean that it is not affectionate. Same as most toy dogs He needs company and hates spending only long periods.

That we constantly allude to the fact that it is a brave pet, is not synonymous at any time that it has aggressive features. What should not be is shy. Moreover, as a curiosity we can say that for quite some time he has been known for his indifference, notably majestic, for other creatures, which was one of the features that captivated Empress Tzu Hsi.

This beautiful breed, despite looking very dignified, has fun like any other with a toy. Now, because his snout is very flat, his toys should be quite flat, since it is not easy for them to hold a ball with their mouths. For the rest, it is not a destructive race and with a suitable toy you will sufficiently satisfy your need to bite.

This is not an obstacle so that at certain times this puppy reveals his bad temper, so it is not uncommon that he tends to demand everything that he thinks is of his belonging and that he wants to be the center of attention of what happens in the family, both inside and outside the house.

In its search for comfort, this breed adapts well to life in a small apartment, where you will need a small corner so that you can sleep without problems.

Relationship with children

The Pekingese does not tolerate the children of the house too well, so living with them is not the most suitable. The reason is none other than the fact who doesn't have too much patience, which joins that the long games in which they will pretend to involve them are not fun.

Thus, it is the ideal dog for people or families in which there are no children and looking for a pet pet, small, loyal and strong temperament.

It is also the perfect pet for older people, since it does not have too much strength and is perfectly controlled, loves to receive the love of its owners and does not require too much daily exercise.

Feeding

When it comes to food, your Pekingese will try to convince you that, despite its small size, it needs to eat large portions. If you succumb to your wishes, you will be doing your furry friend a disservice, as he will probably begin to be overweight.

Try to administer a balanced and high protein diet during his puppy and adult stage. In the case of the Pekingese, you may have to experiment a bit until you find your ideal food, which allows you to show off shiny hair and a slender figure.

Dry food is highly recommended for pets, but it is likely that your Pekingese does not react well to it. The key may be to provide semi-moist foods and some canned food that adds a sufficiently attractive variety.

However, you should not abuse semi-moist foods because they contain sugar as a preservative, so it is advisable to limit their consumption. Apart from that, your puppy cannot only feed on soft foods that do not invite chewing, since his dental health would end up suffering.

Avoid rewarding him with foods that are too caloric, such as cookies, since this way you would be favoring his natural tendency to accumulate weight.

Keeping the specimens of this breed neat also requires a series of cleaning habits that will benefit all members of the family, since the truth is that the small size of toy dogs makes us often take them in arms , so that the proximity with them is propitiated.

Some of the most recommended accessories for hygiene are the metal barbed brush or the one with wild boar bristles, a comb, spray with conditioner, talcum powder and small curved scissors.

Dental hygiene

It is usual for dwarf dogs accumulate bacterial plaque and tartar, so that adequate dental hygiene is essential, which among other problems ends with that of your pet's uncomfortable bad breath.

For this, nothing like getting used to toothbrushing, several times a week, from a puppy, since this habit is not usually pleasing at all. Hence the need for them, at least, to be familiar with it, which is especially important in races such as the Pekingese, of strong character.

Another way to ensure that your little teeth remain clean is through the bones that you can find in establishments specializing in dog food and that you can establish as a reward system for their good behavior.

Bath and drying

The bath of a Pekingese should be done in moderation, around once a month and the first one will be done when the puppy reaches the five months of life, coinciding with the moment in which the shedding of the puppy hair to that of adult begins , which will have more texture.

To carry it out you must use a mild shampoo Specific for dogs that you will continue to use throughout your life. You can choose to put cotton in your ears, so that water does not enter, thus avoiding the dreaded otitis.

By bathing it, you will be helping to eliminate dead hair and aerate your skin, facilitating the growth of new hair.

Once you have taken it out of the bathroom, you have to proceed to remove all the excess water with a towel and only then apply a dryer sufficiently removed from the body and at a temperature that is not too high, so that it does not suffer burns on its delicate skin.

Keeping a Pekingese perfectly brushed is essential. A simple way to do it is by putting it upside down and brushing your chest and armpits, because in these areas they usually form a number of knots. By the way, you can take the opportunity to clean the area of ​​the gut, which is often dirty with urine, so that it does not get a bad smell.

Then you can put it on its side go opening layers of hair that you will brush from the inside out. Since it has a high density of sub-hair, which has to be as abundant as possible for exposure, you have to brush it carefully and with a metal barbed brush.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

Whenever you adopt a pet, it is necessary that you get your vaccination card, which will include the doses already received and, therefore, you will be able to know which ones are left to be administered.

The veterinarian will set the right one vaccination schedule of your Pekingese, which you must observe rigorously.

In the same way, this professional will be the one who indicates the antiparasitic pipettes or collars that will keep your pet free of fleas, ticks and intestinal worms, parasites that attack especially with the arrival of good weather.

More common diseases

Although it is a small and flat puppy, usually the Pekingese usually enjoys good health and it presumes a kind of innate resistance to diseases, to which we must add the amazing power of recovery of certain specimens, which may be due to the selective breeding that was once done in the Chinese imperial court.

Among its most common health problems are those that have to do with eyes. In this sense they tend to develop trichiasis, premature cataracts, dyskithiasis or growth of hairs in an eye gland and progressive retinal atrophy, a condition that is characterized by the development of a special sensitivity to light that can lead to a loss of vision .

As for the structure of his face, it causes the Pekingese to suffer respiratory problems. Specifically we are referring to stenotic nostrils (narrowness of the nostrils) and soft elongated palate.

As a curious fact we want to mention their snorting, a circumstance that usually worries owners with little experience and, however, is very common in flat breeds.

It is not a serious problem at all, but it should be given some attention by the owner, just in case it was due to other reasons, such as the clogging of a grass seed in the nasal cavity that needed to be immediately removed.

Certain mobility dysfunctions these pets are also often affected, in the style of degeneration of the invertebral discs, hereditary diseases of the knee or patellar dislocation, to which overweight does no good.

How to train it

We have already commented that the Pekingese does not need large doses of daily exercise, so it will be enough with one or two daily walks that don't have to be too long and with a bit of play not too intense. Most of the specimens will feel very happy going out for a little while with their owner, always trying not to approach the brambles, for their delicate and abundant fur.

It is also likely that they are plethoric by taking a walk around the garden of the house, as long as it is available and it is even likely to be surprising how quickly you can move whenever you want.

Some Pequineses are especially likely to become inactive, especially if they live in small apartments, so if it is your case, you should encourage them to exercise. He thinks that, if it were for him, he would prefer to take a nap instead of playing, so the elders have an excellent partner in him, who will be happy and balanced, with only a little exercise each day.

Another thing is the issue of socialization, because its strong character requires that you take a walk to the object of to socialize with other people and dogs, which is especially indicated in races such as the one we have in our hands, with a strong temperament.

Your need for company is out of the question. Although it is a very independent race, no Pekingese can live in isolation. Despite this and, contrary to what one might think, it must be said that it can be ideal for those owners who do not want a puppy too attached, since they find it enough to be in the same room than the rest of the family, not needing more pampering, caresses or being taken in arms.

What you have to avoid is that your little one develops a dominant character. If so, their behavior would become negative and develop behaviors such as separation anxiety, jealousy, obsessive barking, grunting and even a tendency to bite.

So that this does not happen to your Pekingese, you have to educate him in basic obedience, what will not be difficult for you is an intelligent dog. Special mention should be made of the chapter on the control of their needs, a plot in which you must be especially patient and be firm in order to achieve the best results.

The Pekingese dog as a pet

Beyond the above, the Pekingese as a pet is a brave and loyal companion. In fact, it is one of the best valued dog breeds, even by those who do not have such a dog. Those interested in having a Pekingese dog as a companion animal will find all the essential products and accessories for their care in San Bernardo Veterinary Pharmacy. In its extensive catalog of accessories and accessories of the best brands, the most specific health and wellness needs of this magnificent can be perfectly met.

It is better to delve deeper into the unique temperament that the Pekingese dog has. It is an animal of strong temperament, independent, stubborn and inclined to have routines. So it exposes very specific tastes that, if the owner does not satisfy them, has no qualms about expressing their disgust. Commenting that the Pekingese dog is a very independent animal, it means that he does not like to be touched too much and that he has a somewhat complicated relationship with children.

The Pekingese dog temperament

Another detail about the above is the following: if you are not used to it from your puppy stage, that is, between the first two and four months of life, to the use of a collar, then you will no longer accept it. And it is about animals that do not like to see their freedom limited, or their daily walks with necklaces or chains.

It is important to take into account that, when commenting on the bad temper of the Pekingese dog, it becomes very clear. He likes to be the center of attention and to be integrated into the family group. But when they get upset they are somewhat aggressive and sometimes they can growl and bite the people who have irritated them. Peking people do not like to exercise physically and that with people who are unknown, they drive with indifference, while, with people around them, they are attentive and close.

The health of the Pekingese dog

The Pekingese dog requires a balanced diet from its first months of life so that it does not suffer from overweight. In addition, because of its long hair, the Pekingese requires special care for its hair, with a couple of hours of brushing a week. Many of the health complications that Pekingese has are related to their physical constitution. They have a certain propensity for stones in their urinary system and problems in their spine.

In addition to the above, it should be taken regularly with the veterinarian to monitor your health and fitness. This will reduce the risks of suffering eye diseases such as cataracts or dystiquiasis.

Being a dog of small size, but of robust physical constitution, it could surprise its weight to those who carry it. The normal weight of one of these dogs is 5 kilograms in the case of males and in the case of females 5.5 kilograms. As regards its height, this round is between 25 centimeters.

It has a lionlike appearance, with a short and robust body. It has the tail curved up and the ears in the shape of heart. Its fur is long.

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It is a race of Chinese origin. It is said that he grew up exclusively in the imperial palace and that there is a record of his presence beyond 500 years before our era.

It's extremely Affectionate with his master, although he has a stubborn, reserved and distrustful character with strangers. He is not allowed to train so easily and is able to face large dogs.

They usually suffer from eye problems, since they have protruding eyes (exophthalmia). Respiratory diseases are also very common, since they have a snout. The same goes for heart problems.

Its fur is long and usually gets very easily dirty and tangled, since this animal has very short legs and a small body. Therefore, it is advisable to brush it with some frequency.

The ears should be cleaned and checked regularly in the outside area to avoid infections. Never try to clean the middle or inner ear.

You do not need demanding exercises, but a daily walk to keep it fit. It is advisable to educate them from a very early age since only then can their bad character be controlled - in some way.

He is used to comfortable living and is an ideal pet for small spaces.

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