Internal parasites also infect puppies, so the first antiparasitic dose is often given at two weeks
- Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
- Publication date: April 25, 2012
It is not uncommon for dog puppies to house parasites in their body at birth. But nevertheless, these frequent intestinal worms in the offspring can be dangerous for the vulnerable neonates. Occasionally, the pregnant dog herself transmits the parasites to the puppies during pregnancy or subsequent lactation. This explains why you should go to the veterinarian soon and start proper deworming treatment. In addition, hygiene is essential to fight worms.
"Deworming is essential for our health and that of our puppy," explains the Madrid Association of Pet Veterinarians (AMVAC). In case of suspicion that the puppy has parasites, it is essential to visit the veterinarian.
Earthworms and had They are two types of frequent intestinal parasites in dogs, which also affect puppies. The fundamental difference between these worms lies in their form. While worms are round worms, shaped like a cord, tapeworm is a type of flat worm, more like a ribbon.
Despite their different physiognomy, both are harmful intestinal parasites, which reach the digestive system of the offspring with the same intention: feed on the food that the small and vulnerable puppy ingests.
The organism of an infected pet reacts with virulence to these visitors of its intestine. Among the signs that can warn that our dog hosts parasites, are diarrhea and vomiting. At other times, our dog may suffer annoying flatulence or constipation problems. Earthworms and tapeworms cause, at the same time, a generalized loss of health in the puppy.
The worms are transmitted from the dog to the puppies
Sometimes, the mother transmits these harmful parasites to the pups during pregnancy or subsequent lactation, through breast milk, if the dog is infected.
It is not uncommon for dog puppies to house parasites in their body at birth
A pregnant bitch You can transmit your parasites to the puppies that grow inside. Although the best option is to prevent, especially when the dog waits for puppies, it is not always time to fight intestinal worms.
"Prevention is the best strategy to prevent infection by internal worms in a pregnant dog," says veterinarian Diana Contreras. In his opinion, it is also important to increase parasite controls before crossing the dog and strengthen the frequency of the usual deworming treatment.
When to start deworming a dog
In the case of puppies, we must deworm them frequently. It is usual to perform a treatment of internal deworming with medication by drops (external is not necessary because when not going out to the street they cannot take ticks or anything similar) after 20 days of life, approximately. Then the operation will be repeated every 15 days until the dog turns 2 months old. In this cycle of deworming we will have given our puppy between 3 and 4 doses. Some veterinarians prefer to continue at this rate until 3 months of age, follow the advice that yours gives you well and commit to complete all the shots, it is very important!
Newborns are more vulnerable to all types of infections, so deworming is done so often during the first few weeks. If you want you can take your puppy to deworm the veterinarian, but it is not necessary, he will give you the right products and will indicate the necessary doses, you can do it at home.
First step: the visit to the veterinarian
If you suspect that your puppy may have internal parasites in his intestine, the first thing is to go to the veterinarian soon. He will recommend the right treatment.
The first dose to eliminate the harmful worms inside the dog's breeding body is often administered when the puppy has complied around the two weeks old. However, often, this first shot is not enough to end the infection, since the larvae of the parasites can be very resistant to medications.
This explains that, although adult worms have been removed, it is common for eggs laid do not delay in hatching and the parasites manage to colonize the puppy's body again and the shot must be repeated. "Internal deworming against nematodes (roundworms) and cestodes (tapeworms or flat worms) is generally done every three months," they explain from the Madrid Association of Pet Veterinarians.
How to deworm a dog over two months
From two (or three) months of age, we can continue using the same product, but we will vary the dose depending on its weight. Do not worry! The vet will know how to guide you during the process. From that moment, the dog will have to be dewormed internally every 3 months, until he is one year old.
Once you have turned one year old, we will drop the drops and the dog will start taking an antiparasitic treatment in pills or pasta, like any adult dog. The pace will remain one shot every 3 months.
Deworming a dog internally is as important or more than doing it externally. Both processes are parallel and important, but internal parasites have an extra danger: they can be there and we don't see them. And they can cause serious intestinal diseases that could even be spread to everyone who lives with it.
In addition to being necessary for your health and quality of life, Deworming a dog is not expensive, it can cost between 5 and 10 euros to take, which we remember is done every 3 months. What is that little money compared to the health and happiness of our best friend?
Hygiene: an essential tool to fight puppy worms
Watch the puppy's stool It is essential to carry out the necessary control over this deworming process of dog breeding.
The best option is to prevent intestinal worms in the offspring, but not always on time
Remember that worm larvae can be very resistant: they are prepared to withstand really very adverse situations.
The larvae are hidden in the pup's feces. This explains why one of the essential measures with regard to excrement, which must be observed in search of worm remains, is to remove them immediately after depositing the puppy in the room where he sleeps.
Earthworms and tapeworms are two types of frequent intestinal parasites in dogs, which also affect puppies.
It is not uncommon for the dog to transmit these harmful parasites to puppies during pregnancy or subsequent lactation, if infected.
The best option is to prevent intestinal worms, although they do not always arrive on time.
The first dose to eliminate the harmful worms inside the dog's body is usually given when the puppy has reached two weeks of age.
Internal deworming against nematodes (roundworms) and cestodes (tapeworms or flat worms) is generally done every three months.
If you suspect that your puppy can house internal parasites in your intestine, you should see your veterinarian soon. He will recommend the right treatment for the puppy.
Monitoring puppy feces is essential to perform the necessary control over the deworming process of dog breeding. Remember that worm larvae can be very resistant: they are prepared to withstand very adverse situations.
Deworm the dog puppy
According to data from the Council of Veterinary Colleges of Catalonia, 90% of puppies have intestinal worms that can cause digestive disorders. A puppy that is not dewormed can suffer disease and delay its normal development. But it can also infect people living with him hydatid cysts. These are clusters of liquid where the parasite's eggs inhabit.
To reduce the risk of these pathologies, it is essential that the deworming of the puppy start when the dog is between 21 and 30 days old old. After this first time, the deworming calendar A puppy varies according to the animal's lifestyle, health status and type of antiparasitic products used, but will continue throughout life.
The deworming calendar of the puppy varies depending on whether it lives in a rural or urban environment
The veterinarian will not apply the same deworming guidelines with a puppy that lives in the city and with another that lives in the field. The latter is more exposed to the spread of parasites from other livestock animals, such as cows or sheep, as well as other dogs, so deworming will be more frequent.
The usual periodicity to deworm the dog ranges from 30 days and three months, exceptions apart.
Orientation calendar to medicate dog breeding
The next calendar is an indicative model which may be subject to changes and variations that the veterinarian considers appropriate with each dog:
Puppies between 21 and 30 days. In this vital phase of the puppy, the usual thing is deworm with a syrup or paste. The reason is that it is still nursing and does not easily digest the product in tablet format. At this age, antiparasitic products that kill both adult parasites and eggs are recommended.
With a month and a half of age. Deworming is recommended before the first vaccination.
The vaccines should not be applied in a dog that is not dewormed. The reason, according to veterinarian Ana Cameno, is that a dog full of parasites does not have the organism prepared for the vaccine to be effective.
"The protocol involves first deworming the puppy, do a stool test later and finally, vaccinate, once it is free of parasites, "he explains.
The following deworming would take place at two months of age of the puppy and another one with three months.
Between three and six months old Another application will be necessary if the dog is more likely to get parasites (lives outside or in the field). In this case, deworming is carried out on a monthly basis, so that it coincides with rabies vaccination. This injection is applied around six months.
From six months, the frequency of deworming of the dog puppy can be monthly or quarterly, as explained, depending on the area where the animal resides (rural, urban or in a residential area).
There are precautions that should be taken into account and with the veterinarian. When dogs coincide in the same park and there is a greater risk of infection, as is usually the case in cities, canine doctors recommend monthly deworming.
On other occasions with less danger of contagion of parasites among dogs, it is usual for the periodicity of deworming to be quarterly.
Exceptions in puppies and adult dogs
When a dog is going to a residence. In this case, internal and external deworming is advisable before the dog enters the center. And repeat it when you leave.
New baby in the family. With this happy circumstance, the procedure involves deworming you when the baby arrives home. Then, you have to continue the usual calendar. With children at home, there are veterinarians who recommend the dog monthly deworming.
Females that are going to give birth. It is convenient to deworm them at the beginning of the heat and about fifteen days before delivery (at 45 days of gestation). A pregnant dog can transmit the parasites to the fetuses through the placenta.
The external deworming of the puppy
The external deworming of the puppy is mainly preventive. Products such as pipettes, collars to fight fleas and ticks are used.
According to José Capacés, veterinarian, "it is advisable to start with external deworming methods from two months of age of the puppy"By then, the animal has already formed its immune system and the product fulfills its mission effectively.
When will you deworm a puppy for the first time?
Puppies must be dewormed before their first vaccine, so it is necessary to do so between its first 21 and 30 days of life. It will be the veterinarian who will advise us on how to deworm a puppy for the first time although, in general, because many are still breastfeeding or are making the switch to solid food, the use of antiparasitic syrups or drops is usually indicated specific to puppies every month until they reach six months of age, or every 15 days at the beginning and then every month.
If you have just adopted a puppy that has not been dewormed and has more than two months of life, since separating it before the mother is contraindicated, you should know that you can deworm it administering the product recommended by the specialist. Then, you should start the vaccination schedule when the veterinarian tells you.
Why do you have to deworm the puppy first and then vaccinate? The answer is simple, through breast milk the puppy acquires some protection and immunity against certain diseases, however, this protection does not serve to prevent or combat parasitic infestations, in fact, through it the puppy can contract intestinal parasites. In this way, and especially depending on where you live, the risk of suffering from the presence of external or internal parasites is greater than that of contracting diseases. For this reason, veterinarians always recommend deworm first and then start the vaccine schedule for puppies On the waiting time between the administration of the antiparasitic and the first vaccine, it will depend on the product used, so it will be the same veterinarian who tells us when to go to vaccinate.
Once the puppy is six months old, it is essential establish a deworming calendar together with your veterinarian, which can be monthly or more spaced, depending on the lifestyle of the animal and its place of residence.
How often to deworm an adult dog?
A dog is considered an adult from approximately one year of age, and as with puppies, to know how often to deworm a dog it is necessary consider your lifestyle and place of residence. Both dogs that live in natural environments, surrounded by forest or field and, therefore, with a higher rate of external parasites (fleas and ticks), as well as those that reside in urban areas, should be dewormed every month or more spaced in function of the product used, the first option being the most accepted. However, external parasites are not the only ones that affect dogs, since they can also be harmed by internal parasites, present in both natural and urban environments. For this reason, despite residing in a city, to prevent and combat the presence of internal parasites veterinarians recommend monthly deworming, especially in cases of risk such as families with children or the use of garden areas for the walk of their pets.
Now, how to deworm a dog? Is it necessary to administer an antiparasitic for external parasites and another for internal parasites? Here are the most common products.
How to deworm a dog? - Internal and external deworming
As we have said, dogs not only have external parasites how fleas or ticks, but may also be affected by internal parasitesThat is why it is important to know how often to deworm a dog and how to do it.
Through different routes, such as sniffing the ground, eating something infected or, even, through breast milk, dogs can become infected with internal parasites such as intestinal worms, the lung worms or the heart worms. Although all of them are common, the most common are round intestinal worms, which can affect up to 12% of adult dogs and 30% of puppies. The most recurring are Toxocara canis Y Toxascaris leonina and, in most cases, contagion usually occurs through the feces of infested dogs, since through them the eggs are expelled, which have the ability to remain alive for up to five years and can penetrate a healthy dog with The simple fact of sniffing these droppings. Contagion is also possible by hunting an infested rodent, sniffing infested soil, etc. In puppies the transmission of worms usually occurs through breast milk or even during pregnancy if the mother is infested (in the case of Toxocara). Therefore, it is recommended that the antiparasitic product recommended by the veterinarian be administered every month.
On the other hand, we all know how extremely easy it is for our dogs to get fleas or ticks when they play in a park or are in contact with other animals. To avoid these annoying inhabitants there are several methods:
- Pipettes: It is a liquid that is deposited in the area of the dog's cross. They last approximately one month, depending on the brand, and we can throw them every time the effect of the same is passed. There are special pipettes for puppies from two months.
- Necklaces: These are necklaces with active ingredients to eliminate fleas and ticks. Depending on the model they can last between two and eight months, after that time we can put another one without problems.
- Shampoos: With a normal flea shampoo we can wash our dog whenever necessary, although its effectiveness is simply momentary. It eliminates fleas and ticks that it has but will not protect it from new inhabitants, so it is simply a complementary method to others.
- Spray: Eliminate fleas and ticks instantly. Its effectiveness and frequency of use will depend on each brand.
To combat internal parasites there are both syrups and chewable tablets and tablets, each with a different duration depending on the brand chosen. However, to avoid administering to the animal two antiparasitic products, it should be noted that the double monthly protection, in the form of a chewable tablet, which allows the dog to be protected from both internal and external parasites. So, do not hesitate, deworm your pet and ask your veterinarian for this antiparasitic method that is easier to administer and much more effective.
Why is it important to deworm a dog?
The presence of intestinal parasites, especially when the infestation is severe, can cause the dog symptom how:
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal swelling
- Loss of appetite
Lung worms cause respiratory symptoms and those of the heart damage the blood flow, producing a reduction of the pumping of the blood to the arteries and, finally, a heart failure.
Fleas and ticks, in addition to producing itching and skin signs such as wounds, scabs or rashes, can transmit a series of diseases to dogs more or less serious, such as babesiosis, Lyme disease or ehrlichiosis. Also, some dogs have symptoms of flea bite allergy.
For all the above, deworming the dog following the veterinarian's instructions is essential, since antiparasitic products prevent possible infestations or, in the case of external parasites, cause their elimination before infecting the animal with any pathology.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
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