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Urine infection in cats

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Today, many pet owners are interested in natural antibiotics for cats. These "medicines" for cats serve as home remedies for very effective sick cats. In this article we will introduce you to foods and materials that are natural antibiotics.

Feline natural antibiotics

People are attracted to natural remedies for all kinds of personal reasons.

And veterinary medicine, like "popular" medicine, is increasingly open to the search for effective, softer and naturally occurring treatments for a wide range of health problems.

As a cat owner, of course you want your pet to have the best medical care possible!

With the approval of your veterinarian, natural antibiotics for cats can sometimes be part of a safe and effective course of treatment.

Causes of urine infection in cats

Bacterial infections are probably the most common causes of urinary tract disorders and, often, they become a recurring problem. In chronic cases, crystals can be created in the bladder that can form stones or urinary stones and irritate the walls of the bladder. It is a painful disease for any cat, but it can be especially dangerous for males: by nature its urethra is very narrow and the crystals can completely obstruct it. A low fluid intake due to an exclusive feed based on feed can accelerate the formation of crystals.

If, on the contrary, no physical symptoms are perceived, the diagnosis is often idiopathic cystitis. If the cat's feeding is optimal and there is no presence of stones in the bladder and kidney or an infection, stress should be considered as a possible cause. Felines are sensitive animals and very vulnerable to changes in vital conditions, for example, to the incorporation of another cat into the family, a new partner or a move. Chronic stress negatively affects the cat's immune system and can cause seemingly unfounded symptoms.

In the event that the pussy shows a lack of hygiene, it may be convenient to check the place where your toilet tray is placed. Felines should feel totally safe in their sandboxes. For this reason, many prefer bare sandboxes instead of covered sandboxes. Placing it in a quiet area of ​​the house can help provide that security. If more than one cat lives together at home, the number of sandboxes must be the same as that of felines plus one. For example, if you have two mininos, you would need three hygienic trays. In this way, they can make their needs whenever they need it without feeling threatened. Check out the selection of cat litters from our online pet store and choose the one that best suits your cat's requirements!

Infections in cats

Bacteria and fungi are the most common causes of infection in cats.

Because many different bacteria, fungi and microorganisms can cause infection, There are different types of antibiotics to treat different types of infections.

Some of these antibiotics are good. home remedies to eliminate fungus in cats.

In veterinary medicine, there are two main categories of antibiotics: "broad function" and "single function." The former can effectively treat the infection of a wide variety of possible causes, while the latter addresses only specific types of microorganisms.

Diagnosis

The veterinarian will analyze the pH of the urine using a test strip. Regarding the appearance of stones in the bladder, the pH value of the urine plays a decisive role: if it is too basic, it dramatically increases the risk of stones appearing in the bladder and urinary lithiasis.

A microscopic examination of the urine can also help identify or rule out the existence of crystals. If there are any, another ultrasound should be done to confirm the existence or not of stones in the bladder. With the help of a bacteriological analysis in the laboratory infections can be ruled out. Infections are common in young cats, but they can also arise from diseases such as diabetes, chronic renal failure or hyperthyroidism. A blood test may also be useful to examine general renal function.

Treatment

The treatment of a urine infection depends on an exact diagnosis of the disease. As far as bacterial diseases are concerned, antibiotics are often the only solution. Anticonvulsants can help reduce the increase in urination.

If crystals have already been found in the urine, it is essential to have a proper diet. The pH of the urine should be lowered and, for this, food for cats with urinary problems may be beneficial. Also, many cat owners have had good experiences with the BARF diet. It is essential to drink enough fluids. Cats, like desert animals that they are, go to their drinking fountain infrequently and acquire most of the water they need from food. In particular, with the feed the amount of urine is reduced, it becomes basic and, consequently, increases the risk of bladder stones and urinary lithiasis. Fountains for cats and various drinking troughs scattered around the house can be useful to encourage the cat to drink.

How to know if my cat has a urine infection?

All parents of cats should be very informed about the symptoms of these conditions, as prevention and prompt treatment are very important, since if a cat suffers from a urine infection, it could not only be very painful for the animal, but also potentially fatal.

Many cats suffer from repeated outbreaks, which makes a pattern that gets worse over time, but be careful! Because it happens that most cats have no symptoms until the disease is very advanced. Therefore, it is important to monitor your cat's behavior when making his needs and also observe the state of his urine.

Symptomatology which can determine if your cat has a urine infection contemplates the following aspects:

  • Make too much effort while urinating.
  • Urine in small quantities.
  • He can't contain himself and urinates out of his tray (very strange in them).
  • Trying to urinate more often than normal, which can sometimes be confused with the act of defecating.
  • Cry when urinating, this behavior is totally out of the ordinary.

Additionally, I could present blood in the urine. Also, you will have the constant need to lick your parts to relieve uncomfortable sensations, some have fever and weakness in the initial stages of infection.

Indications for treating a cat with antibiotics

Veterinarians follow these general steps when using antibiotics (synthetic or natural) to treat pets:

Identify the microorganisms that cause the infection.

Choose the appropriate antibiotic for the cat.

Accumulate enough of that antibiotic in your cat's body to fight the infection.

Find the correct dosing strategy to maximize results while minimizing side effects.

Add additional supports as needed to help your cat's immune system absorb and use the medication to fight the infection. For example, your veterinarian may prescribe a high quality probiotic for your cat to take along with the natural antibiotic.

How to prevent urine infection in cats?

The veterinarian's support should not only be when the cat becomes ill or has an emergency. Try to have a fluid communication with him about your cat, and ask him what is the most appropriate type of diet for the health of your pet. Remember that we are the ones who eat. In this regard, we recommend you check our article in which we talk about the proper feeding for cats.

Water is basic to clean and purify the body. You should educate and accustom your cat to always drink water. If your cat does not drink water, check our article and solve the problem. In the same way it happens with the habit of urinating, this is one of the few ways that exist to expel the toxins from the body, so it is important that your cat do it frequently and that when doing so find its box of sand in the best conditions of hygiene and cleanliness. This will make you feel more at ease.

Cats are routine animals, it will always be positive for your health to minimize the sudden changes of routine that can cause you stress, which can then trigger a urinary infection.

Make every effort to give your cat a quiet life, you will see that you will have a healthy and happy pet for many years.

Why does my cat have an infection?

Urinary infections, obstructions and inflammations are caused by the presence or absence of blood or other foreign agents in the urinary tract. These pathologies can be caused by many factors and / or in turn be the manifestation of a disease already developed in the organism of the animal. Some of the causes may be:

As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, any factor that puts the cat in a state of stress can predispose the development of such diseases. Situations of this type could be a sudden change of home, the arrival of a new member to the family, absence of his human partner and presence of strangers.

Sedentary lifestyle and obesity can also cause urinary tract infections, as all internal processes are slowed down and the body is not equally capable of eliminating all the waste it consumes. Urethral obstruction in males occurs more frequently in young adults who live in very closed spaces, where they have few opportunities to exercise.

A slightly acidic and uncontrolled pH in cat urine can increase the appearance of magnesium and raise its levels to an unsuitable point, which can lead to a subsequent formation of magnesium phosphate crystals that can precipitate harmfully in the urine and then cause urolithiasis (urinary stones) All this is caused, among other things, by poor diet, such as low digestibility diets and no mineral control

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Urine infection in cats - Symptoms, treatment and prevention, we recommend that you enter our section of infectious diseases.

Feeding

A good diet, that is, a I think of good quality, either dry or wet, whose ingredients have a very high percentage of meat (between 70 and 80%) and the rest are vegetables and / or vegetables - excluding cereals, which can cause the cat to have some kind of reaction allergic to not being able to digest them-, it will help your hairy get healthy. The BARF diet could be an alternative, as long as we know the amounts we should give it so that it does not lack any nutrients. Make sure that you drink the amount of water you need - between 50 and 100ml per kilo of weight-, so that you can eliminate the bacteria that causes the infection from your body.

Medicines

If your cat is bad, you should take it to the vet. Once the diagnosis is made, you will probably be prescribed medications, such as antibiotics I anti-inflammatory. Antibiotics will attack the bacteria causing the infection, while anti-inflammatories will improve the general condition of the animal and relieve the itching caused by cystitis, which is an inflammation of the bladder wall which is frequently associated with urine infections.

It is very important that Do not give any medication without first consulting with a professional, since we could endanger the life of our cat.

Nephritis and feline disease of the lower urinary tract (FLUTD).

Urinary infections are common in cats. They are collectively known as feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), previously encompassed in what is known as feline urological syndrome (FUS). The signs manifested by cats are similar regardless of the cause. Bacterial infection is a rare cause of FLUTD.

The urinary tract They are part of the body system that eliminates water and many waste products resulting from metabolism and others. The excretory apparatus is composed of the kidneys, which filter and purify the blood. Excess water and waste chemicals are filtered into the glomerulus or tubules of the renal parenchyma and circulate through the ureters, the ducts that connect the kidneys to the bladder, where urine is stored. When urinating, the bladder contracts to evacuate urine through a duct, the urethra, by which goes outside.

Inflammation of the kidneys is called nephritis. It may be caused by a bacterial infection, caused by microorganisms that either spread through the bloodstream to the kidneys (from infections for example, dental or periodontal or from wounds resulting from fights between cats or other sources), or ascend through the urinary ducts from the bladder (ascending).

The inflammation of the bladder is called cystitis. This is the main type of feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD). The bacterial infection It is one of the less frequent causes of cystitis in the cat or other forms of FLUTD.

Other causes include the formation of crystals in the urine or stones in the bladder and stress. In most cases of FLUTD it is not possible to find out the cause and, in this case, they are called idiopathic cystitis. The possibility of the existence of a feline interstitial cystitis, with a possible neurological origin, similar to that described in humans, has also been described.

The bladder disease (cisititis) It can have several causes, but the symptoms are the same. Many cats suffer repeated outbreaks.

By nature, the cat does not often manifest its symptoms until the disease is very advanced. Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty and pain when trying to urinate
  • Urinate more frequently
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pee out of the sand tray

If your cat has trouble urinating, or just urinate a few drops or even stop completely, it must be treated with extreme urgency because it can be an obstruction.

The kidney disease (nephritis) It is caused by an infection transmitted through the blood.

Symptoms include:

  • The cat drinks and urinates more
  • Lethargy and fever in the early stages.
  • Thinning, weakness and loss of appetite in prolonged infections

These symptoms are common in other diseases and, in all cases, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian.

The diagnosis of FLUTD is usually made from clinical symptoms but does not reveal anything about the cause. The first step is to examine the urine sample, analyzing its concentration and detecting the possible presence of crystals or blood cells and bacteria.

If the presence of bacteria in the urine is confirmed, a bacterial infection can be diagnosed. However, bacterial infection may be the result of another problem, such as the presence of stones or crystals in the bladder. If the infection reappears, new tests such as blood tests and an exam of the bladder with ultrasound or x-rays may be necessary.

The treatment of bacterial infection has the following objectives:

  • Complete eradication of bacteria.
  • If relevant, how often a long course of antibiotics is necessary. Not finishing the entire course of antibiotics is one of the usual reasons for treatment failure.

The veterinarian will choose the most appropriate treatment in each case.

Frequent urination is important, and the cat should be encouraged to do so. It is necessary to check the site where the sand tray / s is located, and change the sand regularly, especially if the cat shares it with other felines.

The cat should drink more water, either always having water at will or eating more wet cat food.

It is important to finish all antibiotic treatment to prevent the recurrence of the infection.

The veterinarian may prescribe a special diet if your cat has a tendency to form crystals in the urine.

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