Eye hygiene should be a daily routine, an action that ensures the correct state of the eye and its attachments.
The vast majority of humans, not to say almost all, one of the first things we do when we get up is to "stretch" our eyes with a gentle rubbing of them with various parts of our hands ...
In that instinctive procedure, we remove the secretions (tear) sedimented during the night.
Our dogs, as much as we try, even if we go to the most experienced canine educator, will never get to perform that instinctive morning hygienic behavior.
The most we can see in our dog, is that if you suffer from any alteration, eye discomfort, you will try to rub your eyes with your front legs.
The eyes of the dog must be cleaned DAILY ... this does not mean that we should perform a deep hygienic work, but at least its assessment and necessary daily performance .
Depending on the breed, the type of hair, the age of the animal, there will be a greater or lesser deposit of legaña in the inner angle of the eye, we can see, from small secretions in young animals with short hair, to large accumulations surrounding the hair of the area, in older and long-haired animals.
In both cases our work is clean : simple in the first case, with a gauze or soft paper, remove the secretion.
In the second case it may be necessary moisten previously the area and the secretion itself for easier removal.
The use of chamomile infusions, salt water ... can be substituted by running water or, at best, by physiological serum.
The most important thing is that the hygienic routine of the eyes must be DAILY .
How to take care of the dog's eyes
In the event that your dog has plenty of hair, make sure that his eyes are free of hair so that you can clean the legañas in the easiest way possible. Hair that is near the eyes of animals should be trimmed frequently, and other cu>
Sometimes it happens that, when we bathe our pets, a little soap enters their eyes. In these cases, we will rinse with enough warm water and after the bath we will dry your hair well, especially in the eye area. Another important care is to put drops of eye drops in your eyes, to avoid irritation that could endanger your health.
Eye irritation of dogs can be avoided by pouring drops of eye drops into their eyes.
To take care of the eyes of the dogs, we will take five singles cleaning steps.
1. We will take our pets to a peaceful place, far from people or other animals. In this way, the dog will be as calm as possible and can collaborate with us, and we will also feel calmer. Don't forget to pet your dog and talk to him tenderly, because his eyes are delicate and he will need to have confidence to be taken care of.
2. We will watch the eyeball. In this way, we will find out whether or not there is a possibility that our dog has suffered an infection. Before taking care of the dog's eyes, we will wash our hands with water and neutral soap.
3. We will use the suitable drops for dogs. However, this step will only be taken when necessary. The drops that veterinarians recommend for a dog's eye care are made of physiological serum and can be purchased individually, or also in bottles.
4. We will wet a gauze with physiological serum. With this gauze we will clean the area around the eyeball, and gently touch the eyelashes and eyelids. The dog's eyes should remain closed during this brief care. While we perform this step, we will pet the dog to show him that he can be calm.
5. We will cast liquid in your eyes, which will remove dirt from the eyes. This last step will be done only when the dog is completely calm, as it will be ideal to hold his head with one hand and use the thumb or index finger to open his eyelids and drop a drop, or a couple of drops of physiological serum. The liquid will leave the eye and we can clean it with a dry gauze, always with delicate movements.
It is important that the eye cleaning of our animals be made with gauze, instead of cotton.
Remember that our canine friend's eyelashes protect your eyes from external objects or dirt, but they are not always enough to guarantee your health. Pets are always playing and spend a lot of time abroad, so it’s essential that we take care of your eyes.
Dogs with bulging eyes need more care
The dog's legañas
To ensure your eye hygiene, you will have to find out what kind of litters you have in your eyes. If they are normal legañas, you will only need to use a dry gauze, and you will remove the legaña from the edge of the eye, or the inner edge of the eye. This cleaning will be done every morning. In the event that the legaña is a little hard, remember to slightly moisten the gauze with warm water. You can also use a special dog wipe, if you find it more comfortable.
If your dog's litter is green and your pet has red eyes, it is very possible that he has an infection. Your dog may have conjunctivitis. In this case the cleaning will not be done at home but rather eye hygiene It will be the responsibility of the veterinarian, who will ensure their health and cure the infection of the animal. It is imperative that the veterinarian treat this problem, instead of treating the eye problem ourselves.
Inflammation of the cornea is called keratitis and is often caused by viruses and bacteria.. A white spot appears on the cornea and requires immediate veterinary attention. This way we will avoid the appearance of an ulcer, and make sure that our pets are in the best possible health.
Dogs' eyes should be cleaned once or twice a week.
The disease called entropion causes the edge of the dog's eyelid rotate towards the eyeball. A burn or a wound can cause this problem, although the advanced age of the animal can also be another cause. With this disease, the eyelashes will enter the cornea and the eye may suffer an inflammation. A conjunctivitis could be inevitable if the problem is not treated.
It is important that a veterinarian check the health status of the dog as soon as we suspect that he could have any disease.
What is a dog's eye like?
The eyeball, wrapped by the sclera, is inserted into the orbital cavity and protected by the eyelids and eyelashes, responsible for preventing the entry of foreign bodies. The front transparent zone is the cornea. In the center of the eye, the round hole is called pupil and is surrounded by the iris, pigmented membrane that has the ability to contract according to the incidence of light. The conjunctiva is the membrane that covers the part we see of the sclera. It contains blood vessels and nerve endings, so it can become inflamed and red, causing conjunctivitis in the dog. It also has a third eyelid in the inner corner of the eye, also called nictitating membrane, which is not usually visible. In addition, each eye has two lachrymal glands. Tears prevent the cornea from drying out and help fight infections.
The dogs are nearsighted and can only distinguish some colors. They have a wide field of vision, they follow well moving objects and get good vision in depth and in moderate absence of light. Their deficiencies in this sense are supplemented by the ear and smell, yet it is essential to know how to clean the eyes of a dog or how to administer drugs if it presents any pathology.
With what can I clean my dog's eyes?
In this section we will see how to clean the eyes of a dog. The first thing to consider is the periocular zone. If our dog has abundant hair that grows towards the eyes we must either comb it so that the eyes are clear, or trim it. Otherwise it is possible that the contact of the hair with the eyes may cause irritation. This discomfort may also appear when eyelashes are introduced into the eyes. Some dogs have a congenital condition that involves the growth of an extra row of eyelashes on the edge of the eyelid and that grow inward, brushing the inside of the eye and irritating it to the point that a corneal ulcer may occur. Dystrichiasis, as this problem is called, must be treated by a veterinarian. It is normal for our dog to produce legañas and only in cases like the ones we will see in the next section will they be a reason for consultation. To clean them we can follow the following recommendations:
- From the first encounter with our dog we must accustom it to let us manipulate it. The eyes, being very sensitive, should always be touched with calm>
Signs of eye condition in dogs
Once we know how to clean a dog's eyes, we can look to observe alterations that will indicate eye problems. We must pay attention that the eyes keep the same size, shape and color and, very important, if there is any kind of abnormal secretion and how is it We can also see if the nictitating membrane is present, if there is any coloration in the cornea, if the dog has pain when we touch it, etc. In the same way that we have explained in the first section, we can open the affected eye to find a lesion or foreign body. Between the typical signs of eye condition The following stand out:
- Frequent blinking
- Itching (we will see that the dog rubs its eyes with its legs or seeks to rub against objects).
- Photophobia (sensitivity to light).
- Visible nictitating membrane.
- Whitish or opaque coloration of the eye.
- Soft or hard consistency of the eye.
- Inflamed eyelids
- Hair loss in the periocular area.
- Salton or sunken eye.
As we say, any of these symptoms requires veterinary assistance.
How to put drops in the eyes of a dog? And ointment?
Before applying eye drops to a dog, or any other medication, we have to make sure the eye is clean. We have already seen how to clean the eyes of a dog in previous sections. If we have to administer an ointment in the dog's eyes, we will follow these steps:
- We must gently pull the lower eyelid, from the skin of the cheek, and deposit a small amount of the ointment in the gap that is created between the eyelid and the eye.
- Then we will close the eye, giving it a gentle massage so that the ointment spreads.
- With a gauze or cotton soaked in physiological serum we can clean up excess, there is.
For administer eye drops to a dog, we will do the following:
- The drops can be thrown directly on the eyeball, for which we must keep eyelids open, separating them with cu>
Removal of foreign bodies in the dog's eyes
In the eyes of dogs can go foreign bodies like seeds, plant particles, spikes or splinters. Traveling by car with your head outside the window or strolling through dense vegetation are risk factors.
We can suspect a foreign body if our dog scratches one or both eyes with its legs or against objects, and if it appears tearing, blinking, secretion or protrusion of the third eyelid. We have already seen how to clean our dog's eyes, so that during this process we can also observe some foreign body. If so, we will keep the eyelids open, as we have already explained, and we will apply serum directly or soaking a cotton ball and pressing it on the eye, without touching it, so that the liquid falls on it. Sometimes this irrigation manages to eliminate the foreign body. If it is not so but we see it very superficial we can try to catch it or push it towards the edge of the eye near the nose with a cotton swab. If we do not get it or the foreign body is stuck in the eye we must go directly to the veterinarian.
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