Leishmaniasis is one of the most frequent parasitic diseases we treat at the Albacora Clinic. The province of Jaén is considered as an endemic zone of medium-high risk, therefore, there is a high risk of infection.
Today we want to talk to you about this serious disease that can be fatal for our stuffed animals. Knowing its symptoms and how to prevent it can become our best weapon.
What is leishmaniosis?
As we have already mentioned, leishmaniosis is a parasitic disease transmitted by small insects, known as phlebotomes.They are nocturnal insects and, therefore, their moment of greatest activity is recorded at dusk, with temperatures above 16º. Its activity period is developed from the month of March to October, both included.
What symptoms can it present?
The infection of leishmaniosis produces in our dog a systemic condition, affecting several organs and causing a progressive deterioration of the animal. The animal shows different manifestations.Some may have very obvious clinical signs. In others, however, such manifestations do not occur.
Treatment and prevention
Current therapies rarely eliminate leishmaniosis completely and complete cure of the infection is usually an exception. While, Diagnosing and treating the disease early will help alleviate the symptoms and help the animal recover its quality of life although it remains infected and positive to leishmania. The treatment they receive is usually very bearable for the animal. Our veterinarian will advise us on which is the most effective treatment of canine leishmaniasis in its different clinical phases.
Protecting our dog from this serious illness can be our best weapon. If we live in high-risk areas, we recommend:
- Put mosquito net and use mosquito nets near where our dog rests.
- The use of repellent pipettes and collars, as they contribute to reducing the chances of infection.
- There is currently a specific vaccine to prevent leishmania, which reinforces the cellular immune response of our dog.
Remember that there are several ways to prevent canine leishmania but none of them is 100% effective. At the Albacora Veterinary Clinic we will be happy to assist you to answer questions about this disease, its treatment and prevention.