The environment where an animal lives determines its movement and the way it does. If we think of a snake, a pigeon and a dog we can observe the enormous differences in which evolution has shaped the animal locomotion. Next we will talk about the movement of the different species and how can it affect the speed of animals:
In the air
There are 3 basic types of displacement in the air:
- The flight: the classic wingshake.
- The planning: when they take advantage of the air currents or the propulsion that they already carry without the need to beat the wings.
- The chopped: when they are dropped from the air in free fall. It is in this displacement when they reach their maximum speeds.
On the floor
In the terrestrial mode there is a great variety of movements:
- Reptation: whose advance is by dragging, for example, that of the snake.
- Wandering: the majority, whether biped-human-like quadruped - cheetahs or dogs.
- Brachycion: It is a type of locomotion of certain primates that move through the branches using only arms and hands.
- Jump: It can be used as the main form of movement, as in the case of the kangaroo, or simply as a resource, as in the case of frogs.
- contraction and extension: in the case of worms they crawl through contractions of the body.
The fastest animals>
Beyond the mako shark that we have explained in the previous section, there are different fish that catch great speeds, much more than some of the animals in the previous list. That is why we have considered it necessary to make a separate list with the faster animals in the water:
- Pacific sailfish with 109 km / h
- Swordfish with 100 km / h
- Blue needle with 80 km / h
- Red tuna with 70 km / h
- Blue shark with 70 km / h
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