Would you like to have a Spanish mastiff dog? In this article you will discover all you need to know to have a dog of this breed as a pet. We tell you their characteristics, history and necessary care to make these fantastic dogs happy.
To start, let's look at the most basic data of the Spanish mastiff:
- Height: 70 - 80 cm
- Weight between 50 and 100 kg depending on whether it is female or male.
- Life expectancy: 8-10 years.
- Lifestyle: families, houses, rural surroundings, grazing, surveillance.
Origin of the Spanish mastiff dog
The spanish mastiff It is the largest dog originated in our country. Its origin is not very clear, but some say that their ancestors they arrived in Spain at the hands of the Phoenicians and the Celts and were used as combat dogs by the Romans.
What is known with certainty is that in the Middle Ages this breed It was used as a herd keeper. It is an agile, fast and strong breed capable of causing damage to animals that threatened herds, such as wolves.
Characteristics of the Spanish mastiff dog
The Spanish mastiff dog is strong, very big and big. Its legs are agile, heavy and strong, with a very leaden and safe footprint.
It has a very large and solid head, with drooping ears on the sides. The skin of your face also hangs, especially in the area of the eyes and cheeks.
His whole body is covered with a dense, smooth, thick and semi-long hair, even longer in the tail. It can be almost any color, although the most common are solid and tabby colors.
Spanish mastiff dog character
The Spanish mastiff is a guard dog. He is brave, sure of himself and has a great sense of protection, is really territorial. It has a powerful and serious bark really deterrent.
Is really Affectionate, meek and faithful with his family, even if there are children, but very suspicious of strangers and if you see that your family is in danger you can become very fierce to defend it. It is quite easy to train as long as you have a firm owner who knows how to position himself as a leader, since he is meek and quite intelligent.
Enjoy caresses and games a lot, feeling part of a family.
Cu> (Photo via: dogtel)
The spanish mastiff It is a fairly easy dog to care for. Mind you, it doesn't come cheap: eat a lot In addition, you need to exercise a lot every day and live in a large house with a garden. If you don't spend all your energy you can develop aggressive or destructive behaviors due to anxiety.
It will be necessary to brush your hair frequently to remove dirt and dead hair. In addition, after each trip to the field, you should check for ticks, nettles ...
Spanish Mastiff Dog Health
As with most large breeds, one of the problems that most often affect the Spanish mastiff dog is hip dysplasia. For the rest, it is a fairly healthy dog, as long as it has an adequate diet and lifestyle, in addition to all the corresponding vaccines and deworming.
Would you like to have a Spanish mastiff, the biggest Spanish dog?
Spanish Mastiff Behavior
Among the many virtues of the character of the Spanish Mastiff, it is necessary to emphasize above all its nobility and loyalty. It is not given to excessive demonstrations of affection, but if that is the case, he will not hesitate to sacrifice his own life to protect you and your family.
He is not a barking dog, but he snores and drools constantly. Guardian and exemplary companion, enjoy playing with children and learning new tricks. However, it should be borne in mind that being so big and strong, they can end up accidentally harming a small child if we don't go carefully.
He is strong, brave and independent, very sure of himself and with a balanced temperament. In addition, being a dog of great intelligence, it is able to make its own decisions and solve problems for itself. The negative part of this is that sometimes it can be disobedient and stubborn, especially when the owner is too soft and permissive.
Although the Spanish Mastiff may seem lazy at times, in reality he is always attentive and alert to everything that happens around him. If this is the case, it can be surprisingly fast and agile despite its large size.
Physical characteristics of the breed
The Spanish Mastiff breed shows a large dog with a powerful presence, has a well proportioned figure and strong limbs. Females usually weigh between 40 and 60 kg and males between 50 and 70 kg. The height at the cross is around 70 cm, somewhat less in females.
There are two varieties of Spanish Mastiff: the "heavy" type, more common in the north of the country, and the "light" type, more agile, slender and athletic.
Its head is large, with a deep snout and strong jaws, full lips and a very characteristic gill under the neck. The Spanish Mastiff has two spurs on the hind legs, a characteristic that this breed shares with others such as the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.
The eyes are small, almost always showing a deceptive relaxed and carefree expression (in reality this dog is always alert). His ears are pointed and fall on both sides of the face.
Mastiff hair is short, straight and thin. Under the outer layer of hair there is another woolly layer that loses in summer. Hair color can be reddish, fawn, gray, yellow or black, often with black or striped marks:
Training the obedience of the Spanish Mastiff can sometimes be a difficult task, since it is a dog of a stubborn nature and with a tendency to “selective deafness”. That is why it is essential to set the limits and make clear who the boss is from the first moment, which is naturally easier if we start training when our mastiff is still a puppy.
But overcoming this initial obstacle, educating the Spanish Mastiff is very satisfying for anyone, since it is a dog with highly developed intelligence and great learning capacity. As always with the most intelligent races, it is advisable to avoid repeating the same commands too often during training sessions. If we do, it is possible for our dog to fall into boredom and show disinterest.
The gradual training and socialization from an early age are very important to accustom our Spanish Mastiff to different situations, people, places and dogs. With a positive and reward-based training we will get the best of it.
Recommended care for the Spanish Mastiff
The activity level of the Spanish Mastiff is quite low, so they only need a relatively moderate amount of exercise to feel good. Three or four walks a day without forcing him, are enough.
But as quiet as it may be, due to its large size it is not a dog indicated to have in a small house or apartment devoid of patio or garden. There is no problem in having it outdoors, since its thick coat protects it from cold and humidity, while centuries of adaptation to the rigorous climate inside the plateau have made it support summer heat very well, provided it has water and a Shadow place at your fingertips.
You have to brush your Spanish Mastiff's hair regularly, especially in the time of hair loss, during the fall and summer.
As for health, this dog is prone to suffer from hip dysplasia and Heart problems. It can also present obesity problems in its more mature stage, so it is necessary to closely monitor your diet.
The average life of the Spanish Mastiff is 10-11 years, although with good care you can live much longer.