Animals

Hepatic Lipidosis

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If there is something that brings a lot of health problems in your cat is the lack of appetite. Sometimes, either because of stress, as a consequence of some other illness, or for other reasons, the cat refuses to eat and this is much more dangerous for him than you imagine.

One of the problems that is unleashed by the fact of not eating are the diseasesliver, that is, those that put into play the functioning of the liver. These ailments are so dangerous for cats that, if they are not treated on time and in the proper way, they can be fatal in 90% of the time. Among the liver ailments is the fatty liver in cats, so we tell you here about its symptoms and treatment. Keep reading this Animal Expert article!

What is fatty liver in cats?

He fatty liver, also called feline liver lipidosis, is the disease of that organ that most affects cats, regardless of whether they are female or male. Consists of the fat accumulation in the liver, which prevents it from working properly. When the liver fails, the whole organism is compromised, so the mortality due to this condition is quite high.

It can affect cats of any age, but it is more frequent in people older than 5 years, especially if they are homemade and have weight problems. It is usually unleashed when the animal's eating cycle is disrupted, whether it is subjected to a too strict diet that causes it to lose weight quickly, something you should never do, or that due to some other health condition or very stressful situations the Feline has lost his appetite.

What happens is that, in the absence of food, the body begins to transport the fats it gets to the liver in order for it to process them, but when the appetite extends the liver is overloaded with work and is unable to synthesize all fats, so they accumulate in that organ. Given this accumulated fat in the area, the liver collapses.

A cat with physical discomfort that stops eating for a day is not cause for concern, but after the second it is advisable to go to the veterinarian immediately, because the feline organism deteriorates very quickly in the absence of food.

What are the causes of lip>

First, theobesity It is a determining factor when it comes to suffering fatty liver in cats, especially when for some reason the feline begins to lose those extra kilos in an accelerated way. In addition, any element that causes the cat to stop eating represents a danger to him, whether he refuses to do so in response to a situation that causes him stress, that the food does not like (if the usual food has been changed or because he got bored of the same taste), among other problems. All these provoke anorexy, and anorexia brings liver failure.

In addition, some diseases, such as certain heart or kidney ailments, produce lack of appetite, like pancreatitis, gastroenteritis, cancer and any type ofdiabetes. As if that were not enough, problems related to the mouth, such as bumps, infections such as gingivitis, trauma and anything that makes the act of eating difficult or painful, lead the cat to not taste bite.

In the same way, the lack of a meal schedule, translated in the administration of food in an inconstant way, causes eating disorders and generates stress in the cat, as this will not be sure when its next meal will be (do not forget that they are routine animals ), causing this disease in the liver.

What are the symptoms of fatty liver in cats?

The loss of appetite, and therefore of weight, it is one of the most obvious symptoms. It is possible for the cat to experience vomiting Y diarrhea or constipation, accompanied by dehydration and general weakness, so you will notice that he is fatigued and reluctant.

When the liver fails, bilirubin levels increase and the jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin, gums and eyeballs. Tremors may also occur, and the cat will adopt an indolent attitude toward himself, causing him to stop grooming himself. An expert's review when palpating the abdomen will reveal the swollen liver.

How is the diagnosis made?

If the fatty liver disease in the cat is advanced, at first sight the veterinarian will be able to distinguish the yellowing signs of jaundice, in addition to palpating the abnormally swollen liver. To confirm that it is feline hepatic lipidosis, other tests will be required:

  • Blood tests.
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen, which will analyze the size and condition of the liver.
  • Liver biopsy, involves taking a sample of the liver wall with a needle. In some cats, rapid surgery may be necessary to take a larger sample.
  • X-ray of the abdomen.

In addition, according to the physical examination, to the information that you are able to provide to the veterinarian about the signs of the disease and the status of the feline, tests will be necessary to determine the origin of the liver disease.

What is the treatment of lip>

At first, it is likely that after being diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis, or fatty liver, the cat must be hospitalized for a few days, during which time he will be given a fluid therapy, necessary to combat dehydration, weakness and lack of nutrients in the body.

After this, which is only emergency care, the most important thing is for the cat to eat again, but this is usually complicated in most cases. It will not be enough to offer you your favorite food, you can try but it is more usual to continue refusing to eat. Because of this, it goes to the assisted feeding. The first thing is to try with food made porridge that will be administered through a syringe, but if this is not successful the veterinarian must place a probe, either in the nose or in the neck, that takes the food directly to the stomach, treatment that It will be necessary for weeks or even a few months. The specialist will guide you on the type of food, the portions and the daily frequency.

Additional to this, it is due treat the disease that caused liver failure and even medications that stimulate appetite are recommended, as the ultimate goal is not only to control the condition, but also that the cat can have a normal life, eating on its own.

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Fatty liver in cats - Symptoms and treatment, we recommend you go to our Other health problems section.

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