Eclampsia is an important calcium deficiency of the dog that breastfeeds and is recognized by fever, unusual nervousness and spasms when the disease worsens
- Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
- Last update: August 17, 2015
Eclampsia, or milk fever, is a serious disease. who suffer the lactating females when they don't have enough calcium in their blood. They also suffer from some pregnant bitches, before even giving birth to their puppies. It is crucial to learn to recognize eclampsia in the bitch, with symptoms like fever, seizures and problems walking, because, if not detected in time, this medical condition can cause the death of our female dog.
The eclampsia or milk fever It is the lack of calcium that affects lactating bitches. This is one of the essential nutrients needed by the hungry newborn puppies and that the canine mother tries to provide them in the amount they need. However, weakened after childbirth, your body does not always produce calcium at the same rate as the litter demands. Learn to recognize the symptoms of this disease is essential, because if it is not treated in time, the eclampsia it can cause the death of the female dog.
Recognize eclampsia in the dog
The eclampsia or milk fever, which affects two out of every thousand pregnant women - according to the data of the scientific journal 'Med Friendly' - is not an exclusive disease of people, but also affects other mammals, such as dog. Symptoms to recognize the disease include nervousness and an abnormal excitement in the lactating bitch, signs that can warn that he suffers a deficit of blood calcium. Excessive gasps and stress of the animal are the result of an initial development of the eclampsia.
Exaggerated nervousness or small failures when walking are symptoms of eclampsia in the dog
"It is more common in small sized dogs that give birth to several puppies," says veterinarian Fausto Andrés, from the Nexus Veterinary Center Punta, in Huelva. Their bodies are not so strong or they get tired more quickly before the demands of their hungry offspring, which ends the female's calcium deposits.
The lack of calcium prevents the normal functioning of the body of the female dog and especially affects your muscles, causing tremors and spasms. Even the animal will walk in an uncoordinated way. The shortage of calcium also explains that, on occasion, the nursing female loses interest in the puppies she breastfeeds and that they demand so much.
Fever in the dog with eclampsia
Eclampsia causes fever and seizures in the dog, which trigger a cardiac arrest
A prolonged lack of calcium in the blood aggravates the problems for the female: the body temperature rises markedly - "that is why eclampsia It is also known as the milk fever", says the veterinarian - and breathing is increasingly difficult. It even causes seizures accompanied by contractions of the muscles in your body and loss of consciousness is possible. female dog You can die of exhaustion if the correct treatment is not applied.
These continuous spasms can trigger cardiac arrest within a few hours of starting. The severity of the symptoms of the eclampsia obliges to strengthen surveillance during pregnancy and lactation of the dog, in addition to making it necessary to go urgently to the veterinarian before any of these signs.
Bitch eclampsia is a serious disease.
"The lactating female needs calcium to form milk and her body gets it from her blood and bones," explains veterinarian Fausto Andrés, from the Punta Veterinary Center Nexus in Huelva. Pregnancy is, together with breastfeeding, one of the stages of life in which more energy requirement is required. The strong changes experienced by the female's body to accommodate the puppies that grow in her womb require extra doses of nutrients, which the owner must supply with certain specific care in the feeding of the pregnant dog.
After delivery, however, the work for the animal does not end. The production of milk to breastfeed the hungry litter is a pharaonic wear on the body of the female dog, already weakened by the nine weeks of gestation. Breastfeeding is a strenuous job that will last at least another six weeks.
A female dog with eclampsia is unable to provide her puppies with all the calcium they need
A dog female suffering eclampsia loses the power to supply the calcium with the urgency that their puppies demand. It will resort, therefore, to the reserves of this mineral present in its own blood.
When the levels of calcium in the animal's blood they lower too much, they can cause serious damage to our pet. "If you don't act soon, the eclampsia it will damage the dog's nervous system and can even cause her death, "warns Andres.
Puppies of a bitch with milk fever
Hungry lactating puppies require a lot from their mother, more than a female who suffers milk fever He is able to give them. Separate the litter from the female dog temporarily it can help our four-legged friend to recover, although it is not easy for a female dog agree to get away from their newborn puppies, unless the animal loses interest in them because of the disease.
In case of staying together, the owner must exercise vigilance over the litter and prevent them from accessing the nipples of the female dog to breastfeed A specific feeding for nursing puppies can meet, in this case, the feeding requirements of the little ones.
Treatment and prevention of eclampsia in the dog
Any symptoms of eclampsia It is reason enough to make a quick visit to the veterinarian. Often, a blood test is enough to measure the concentration of calcium in the bitch and properly diagnose the disease.
The canine doctor can also advise on the most appropriate treatments for the dog, which will depend on the severity of the eclampsia. "Supplying calcium through the serum is usually sufficient to recover the levels that the dog needs," says veterinarian Fausto Andrés.
Some special milk supplements are beneficial for females who suffer eclampsia, so it is advisable to add them to the usual diet of a female dog in a state of gestation. Vitamin D will help the body of the female dog absorb part of calcium that precise. The contributions of injected minerals are another way to add the calcium needed by the female dog sick.
How to know if my dog has diarrhea
If your dog has diarrhea, liquid poop or without consistency will be the most obvious signal. It is also normal that, like when it happens to humans, poop more often and can not stand until the next ride. If your dog has diarrhea and does it at home, do not scold him.
If the diarrhea is mild, there will be nothing beyond. But If it is a symptom of a disease, it may be accompanied by fever, vomiting, decay or gas. In that case, it is important to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Causes that cause my dog to have diarrhea
Most of the time, when diarrhea is temporary it is due to indigestion. There are many people who believe that dogs can eat anything. “When I was young I had dogs and they ate leftovers and bones and nothing happened to them,” how many times will we have heard it? But yes, although they think no, it did happen to them: sure those dogs did not live more than 6 - 7 years at the most, when a well fed dog can double that age.
Do not! Your dog should not eat anything, this hurts the digestive system. Some causes of diarrhea in dogs are:
- Spoiled food
- Drastic and poorly planned changes in your diet
- Poisonous plants
- Kidney diseases
- Nerves / Stress
- Food intolerances
- Cow milk. Did you know that most dogs are lactose intolerant?
- Eat trash remains
- Swallowing objects by accident
- Medication side effects
- Liver diseases
- Secondary symptoms of many other pathologies
In fact, of this whole list, diarrhea will not be the only consequence: there could be many worse. That is why it is so important that you take good care of your pet and do not feed him what he should not.
My dog has diarrhea, what do I do?
What to do if my dog has diarrhea? The first thing you should do is observe the color of the stool: If they have reddish, black or directly blood color, go immediately to the veterinarian, especially if it is a puppy.
Remember: Have you seen your dog eat something he shouldn't have recently? On the street, or some garbage, or maybe something toxic. If you have ingested any harmful food or substance, it will help the veterinarian to give you as much information as possible..
If the color of the stool is normal, leave your dog fasting 24 hours if he is an adult, 12 if he is a puppy. But remember! Fasting means not eating anything, but water YES you should always put. In fact, it is especially important that you make sure that you hydrate well if you have diarrhea. Ending a state of dehydration will greatly worsen your state. Make him drink a little but very often.
If after the time of fasting the diarrhea has not remitted, then go to the veterinarian, because it will be a symptom of a disease and will need treatment. Never meditate on your dog on your own!
The causes of bloody diarrhea
Diarrhea, consisting of frequent evacuation of liquid stool, is an unspecific symptom, which means that it may be due to different causes, so we have to pay attention to other signs and practice several tests to reach a diagnosis. The presence of blood, and whether it is fresh (it will look red in the stool) or digested (dark brown) can help determine the cause.
Among the most frequent causes we can mention the following:
- Parasites: internal parasites, due to the damage they cause in the digestive system, can cause slight bleeding and diarrhea, usually without any other symptoms. On many occasions they will be able to see themselves under a microscope or even with the naked eye. There are specific products to combat them and they can be administered several times a year as a preventive.
- Enteritis: They are intestinal inflammations that can also have various causes, such as the intake of a foreign body or a food that feels bad for the dog. A day of diarrhea, even with blood, without major symptoms, does not have to cover severity and the disorder will remit only but in the case that concerns us with pregnant bitches, puppies or animals with some other previous disease, we must go to vet.
- Viral or bacterial infections: diseases as serious as parvovirosis wave leptospirosis They can cause bloody diarrhea. They are distinguished because they will be accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, apathy or fever. They require rapid veterinary intervention and the administration of fluid therapy and antibiotics.
- Food intolerances or allergies: the reaction to some component of food, for example a protein, as if it were a pathogen, causes different symptoms among which diarrhea is found, although dermatological pathologies are more common.
- Poisoning or drugs: the intake of a poisonous product or even certain medications can cause bloody diarrhea. We must go to our veterinarian to decide the treatment, which will depend on the substance ingested and the degree of intoxication. If we can, we must inform or take a sample of the substance in question to the veterinarian.
Diarrhea can occur acutely (suddenly) or chronically (maintained over time). Given the most common causes of diarrhea, what to do if my dog is pregnant and has bloody diarrhea? We see it in the next section.
What precautions to take if your dog has diarrhea and is a puppy
As we said, diarrhea is transient and mild in most cases, which remits without treatment in a few hours. But if you have a puppy, you should be especially careful. If your dog has not yet been vaccinated, diarrhea can be symptom of a parvovirosis or distemper infection, these diseases are serious and diarrhea can dehydrate them very quickly.
If you already have your vaccines on, by taking a short time with you, You may not know if you have certain food allergies or intolerances, that could be causing diarrhea. Go to the vet!
In general, remember that puppies need special care, since they are more fragile and vulnerable to diseases. Diarrhea or any other medical condition will affect them more than an adult dog.
Diarrhea in pregnancy
First of all we must make sure that what our pregnant dog has expelled is diarrhea and not fluid, flow or mucus coming from your uterus, which could indicate an imminent problem or delivery. If we are sure that our bitch that is pregnant has bloody diarrhea and is a timely emission we should not worry but if blood stools they repeat during that day or the following and above we observe other symptoms such as vomiting, apathy, fever or dehydration we must go to the vet so that it is he who determines the cause and establishes the appropriate treatment.
To do this, you can use the observation of a stool sample under a microscope, blood tests, x-rays or even endoscopy, depending on the symptomatology. The main problem we are going to encounter when treating a pregnant dog will be the side effects They may have medications on puppies in training.
That is why the veterinarian has to carefully assess the advantages and disadvantages that she and the babies will have the possible medications, taking into account the diagnosis she has reached and the age of the puppies, since not all phases of pregnancy pose the same risks. As we see, it is a complex issue to be resolved by the veterinarian. Never, in any case, even if we know the cause of diarrhea, we should medicate a pregnant dog, because drugs can cause abortions or malformations in fetuses.
Cure your dog's diarrhea step by step
If your dog has persistent diarrhea, you must give him the treatment that the veterinarian has prescribed for you. But there are some things you can do at home, in addition to giving medication, to speed up the process:
- Give him a soft diet. It can be purchased wet food, low fat and easy to digest. If you prefer to make the food yourself, you can boil some rice and chicken, always without salt. Give it in small portions and see how it reacts.
- As you see that it suits you, you can go gradually reintroducing your usual feed, until you completely eliminate your soft diet and return to normal.
- Soft diet can make your stool change temporarily. Maybe it's clearer than your normal poop. Do not panic, it is normal and will happen when you return to your usual diet.
- You can use, as a complement, probiotics for dogs. They help restore the intestinal flora and accelerate the healing process.
If your dog has diarrhea, we hope our advice helps him get well as soon as possible.
How to prevent diarrhea in pregnant bitches
Better than treating a dog that is pregnant and has bloody diarrhea is preventing. For this we can take note of the following recommendations:
- Deworming: We must follow a deworming calendar as our veterinarian marks us. Before allowing our dog to get pregnant we have to deworm her, repeat this deworming two weeks before birth and continue it, also every two weeks, while breastfeeding lasts, in order to keep the parasite load to the minimum possible. If we pick up our pregnant dog, we should consult our veterinarian about the possibility of deworming her.
- Feeding: Do not forget that the feeding of a pregnant dog is specific, therefore, it is recommended that pregnant females feed with a feed for puppies, since it is a stage in which their nutritional requirements will vary. Let's avoid giving him other foods that may feel bad.
- Security: It is very important to maintain a safe environment so that our dog does not have access to any toxic. These precautions should also be taken during the walks, preventing, so you can ingest some poison.
- Vaccinations: It is very important to respect the vaccine schedule as there are some diseases, such as the dreaded parvovirosis, which have no cure but can be prevented by administering the vaccine. Before letting a dog get pregnant we must make sure that it is properly immunized.
- Medications: We should never give drugs to a pregnant dog, even if they are medicines that we know or have already used because, during pregnancy, these same medicines can cause serious consequences.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to My dog is pregnant and has bloody diarrhea - CausesWe recommend that you enter our section on Pregnancy Problems.
- Food contamination
It is difficult to imagine a dog without sniffing and biting anything that is at home or on the street. Sometimes these elements that It will be put to the mouth can be toxic or chemical substances:Bleach, kills, detergents, etc., are some examples of these harmful components for the health of our can. Without any doubt, in the event that we suspect that our pet has been able to ingest such a substance, we should go to the veterinarian immediately.
On the other hand, the intake of certain foods that are suitable for humans can cause diarrhea in dogs. It is the case of chocolate, grapes, avocado, onion and garlic. Keep these foods out of reach!
- Giardia canina and other parasites
Giardia is a parasite that enters the intestine of our pet. It causes one of the toughest and most smelly diarrhea that can can suffer. The intervention of the trusted veterinarian is key for the dog to overcome giardia satisfactorily. Be careful because it can be transmitted from animals to humans!
Other parasites that cause diarrhea in dogs are the Intestinal worms and the clostridium.
- After fasting, soft diet
As we do with ourselves when we suffer this symptom, the diet that our dog must follow after fasting must be soft. In this way, we will ensure that this disorder gradually disappears.
What foods are the most recommended in this sense? Chicken (skinless), rice, pasta and mashed potatoes They lead the soft diet that we should give our dog. How Forbidden food We contemplate dairy products, red meat and those meals with large doses of fat.
5. Care of the first time postpartum dog: tranquility
Like recent mothers and their human babies, female dogs and their puppies need peace of mind during postpartum. The bed of the litter should be placed in a quiet place, which is not passing through for the rest of the human family. But never too far away: garages are not recommended.
In addition, visits to the puppies of people can excite the dog during postpartum: better leave her alone and respect the privacy of the canine family.
What if my dog has>
Surgery for a cesarean delivery in dogs needs specific wound care. The tips are as follows:
- Clean the her> Some veterinarians do not advise the dog to breastfeed her pups after a cesarean delivery. The reason is that the surgical wound may be damaged. In this case, we should feed the puppies with milk for newborn dogs.