Most people who have a Persian cat, simply have it as a family pet and not with the idea of reproducing it, but sometimes there are those who venture into the breeding process without having all the necessary information. Raising a cat or any pet should never be a decision made in the heat of the moment. Unlike dogs, breeding a female cat is usually not just a quick afternoon trip to the house of the stallion cat. A serious breeding program, which ensures that kittens will be healthy and have good homes waiting for them, is something that requires planning, research and time to develop.
Many Persian cats end up in shelters or rescue centers because their owners acquire them from breeders who do not properly choose new homes. There are many cat-loving people who want to have Persian kittens, but not all of them should acquire a cat like this, since they simply don't have>
The daily maintenance of the Persian cat is a great commitment, due to the thickness and length of its fur. In most cases, it is much more than the cat can clean itself. This means that the owner must be able to take care of it, bathe it, brush it and ensure its health on a daily basis. This is not a breed that only needs to be combed once a day and brushed occasionally to stay healthy and in good condition.
When a litter of new kittens is obtained, the responsible breeder must be able to choose the new home of their little ones. Have you ever wondered if, in case the new owners cannot keep the kitten for any reason, are you willing to take it again at any age in your home? The Persians have the unfortunate honor of being number one among the most popular breeds of cats, with this comes over-reproduction and an increase in the specific health problems of the breed. Do you know if a cat predecessor of your Persian cat had any of the most common genetic disorders in the breed? If you bought your kitten at a pet store, then you may not even have the right information about your ancestry.
There are other issues in the breeding of cats that are usually not explored by the inexperienced breeder. As mentioned earlier, many people think that it is like breeding a dog. It is usually much more complicated. First of all you need to be sure that the male cat is adequate and complementary to the female. Do the lines fit well? Are both healthy? For example, IVF, FeLV and FIP are 3 of the contagious, incurable and fatal diseases that can be transmitted through breeding, as are fleas, ear mites, fungi. It is also common that the female does not accept the male from the beginning. Sometimes cats that have s>
Wait and see
Kittens may be waiting for the mother who has gone to look for food, or be in the process of moving them to a different location. Try to determine if the mother will return for them, or if they really are orphans. To do this, be away from kittens. If we are very close, the mother will not approach her kittens. She can wait until we disappear completely before returning to her young.
It may take several hours before she returns, until she no longer feels the presence of human beings floating near her litter.
If you have to leave before the mother returns, carefully assess whether the kittens are in immediate danger: is it raining or snowing. Are dogs or wild animals that could harm kittens running loose in the neighborhood? Does the neighborhood have children or adults that are prone to damage kittens? Are kittens located in an area with heavy foot or vehicle traffic?
To help you with the decision, it is important to know that although the mother took several hours to return, healthy kittens can survive this period without food while they are hot. For neonatal kittens, the risk of hypothermia is much more dangerous than hunger, understanding that they have a mother who can breastfeed them. During the spring and summer months, wait a while to see if Mom returns is much safer than during the cold winter months.
The mother cat offers her kittens a better chance for survival, so wait and watch while you can. The best food for kittens is their mother's milk.
Remove kittens only if they are in immediate, serious danger.
If the mother returns ...
If mom returns and the area is relatively safe, leave the kittens with her until they are weaned. You can offer a shelter and regular food to the cat, but keep the food and shelter at a distance from each other. If they are too close together, the mother may change the shelter puppies because she will not want the food to attract other cats near her litter.
Six weeks is the optimal age to separate the kittens from the mother to socialize them, test them and find them home for adoption. In the United States, any time after eight weeks is good to catch sterilize, vaccinate and release your colony again, making a mark on the ear so that later it is known that this cat is already sterilized.
Here it is usually done with something older. The cats can get pregnant with a new litter even while they are still breastfeeding, so do not forget to sterilize the mother too or soon you will have more kittens!
If the mother does not return ...
If you discover that the mother will not return, then the kittens should be picked up. This is crucial for the survival of kittens. But you must be prepared to feed the kittens with a bottle with a scheduled schedule having to get up at night to give them their shots as babies they are.
It is not easy to find an organization with available staff or volunteers to give the bottle on short notice. Veterinarians and animal shelters generally do not catch newborn kittens, since they do not have the staff to feed and stimulate them for evacuation every 3 hours. If they do it is because they have foster homes and volunteers who can take care of them.
In some cases some association can take care of them while they have to be fed with a bottle but then we should welcome them again, when they are already able to eat by themselves, help with socialization and with the search for adopters for puppies. It is necessary to take into account the veterinary expenses, food etc… not always the associations can take charge, although if we help financially they will obtain prices more affordable than us.
In the end you have to be aware that we have collected the litter and that the responsibility is ours. Although they help us throughout the process.
Breeding puppies with a bottle
Prepare for proper care and bottle feeding before removing kittens from the street.
If you think you should take the kittens, prepare a box with a towel inside with which you can wrap them to keep warm. You have to leave holes and space for them to breathe. Check if the kittens are hot. This is more important than food.
Never feed a cold kitten! If the kittens are cold, they will have to be heated slowly. You can say that a kitten is cold if the pads of his feet or ears are cold or cool. Put your finger in the kitty's mouth, if it feels cold, the puppy's temperature is too low. This is dangerous for your life and should be treated immediately. To warm the kitten slowly for 1 or 2 hours we will wrap it in a fleece blanket, holding it close to our body, and we will continuously rub it with warm hands.
Food - Evacuation
Neonatal kittens (less than four weeks old) cannot eat solid (canned, dry) foods and cannot urinate or defecate on their own, so they should be bottle fed and stimulate their genitals (pass gently with a sponge wet imitating what the mother would do) after each shot. For example, if puppies are less than a week old, they will have to be fed and stimulated every three hours. That means that this operation will have to be repeated 8 times a day.
If the kittens are unusually small or sickly, they may need to be fed every two hours. Skipping meals or overfeeding them can cause diarrhea, which will result in dehydration, a condition that can be fatal for small kittens (not to mention the trouble of cleaning it later). A diarrhea will require a visit to the veterinarian.
As the puppies grow, the bottle shots will be spaced and the solid food will begin to be introduced gradually. After four weeks the bottles can be abandoned.
The pregnancy of the cat: a 65-day trip
A feline sperm has reached the ovule of a female: the pregnancy of the cat begins. This gestation will last between 64 and 67 days on average and will have its end with the arrival of a litter of felines.
The pregnancy of the cat lasts about two months during which future puppies develop in the womb
But before the birth of cat puppies, there is still an interesting journey of just over two months that involves the development of the young.
What happens inside the female's belly during those 65 days? Knowing the phases of the pregnancy of the cat helps the gestation run smoothly and that the future cats are born healthy.
The pregnancy of the cat: from the first to the third week
Ready, Set, Go! The male releases millions of sperm during intercourse. This huge amount of reproductive cells explains that the race to reach the female's egg is fierce. And to succeed, you have to be the first.
Once the sperm reaches the ovum, fertilization occurs: the pregnancy of the cat begins. This tiny newly fertilized cell will divide a myriad of occasions, to create the body of the future feline.
About five days after intercourse, the embryo begins its journey to the uterus. There he will try to get hooked to its walls, something that will happen between the 12th and 13th, in order to finalize its development.
Embryo growth does not wait. The heartbeats of future cats can already be distinguished by the 20th day of pregnancy. But how many puppies can grow in the feline uterus? The number varies. The middle litter will be formed by between one and five offspring.
Know the keyword when addressing the issue of crossbreeding in cats
Responsibility is the word that should prevail when choosing to have a pet. And, when deciding to become a mother or father, you should be even more responsible to ensure both the welfare of your companion animal and its offspring.
For this reason, Before scheduling the encounter between future feline parents, you must try to keep everything under control.
We tell you the different aspects that have to be ready before the ride takes place. Pay a lot of attention.
The main key to achieving a good cross in cats is the responsibility of the owners of the mines so that everything goes smoothly and without leaving any loose ends.
Feline pregnancy: from the fourth to the sixth week
Embryonic cells accelerate their growth when they enter the fourth week of the cat's pregnancy. They are focused on create what will be the organs and muscles of future felines: from their eyes to the spinal cord.
The embryos of future cat pups accelerate their growth, to create their organs and muscles
By day 33 of gestation, the embryos barely reach five centimeters in length and do not reach seven grams in weight. But there is no time to lose and growth does not slow down. Ten days later, they will have almost doubled in size.
This hurried growth of future feline puppies does not go unnoticed by the cat that houses them in its belly. Between the fourth and fifth week of gestation, the female will suffer the sickness characteristics of its state. This discomfort is a consequence of the hormonal revolution in your body and the changes that occur in your uterus, which adapts to accommodate future puppies that grow inside.
By day 35 of the gestation of the cat, the nipples are also prepared for breastfeeding of future puppies, as they become more pink and increase their size.
Pregnancy of the cat: from the seventh to the ninth week
The future feline pups gain weight and they grow fast, thanks to the valuable nutrients they receive from their mother through the placenta. The cat also gains weight, as a result of the increase in the size of the puppies inside: around 20 or 30%.
In the last stage of pregnancy, the organs and muscles of future feline offspring end their growth. During this phase, the Small also develop their snout and the characteristic fur that will cover their body for the rest of his life.
Around the 50th day of gestation, future puppies have an elongated shape, similar to that of a sausage. However, their heads are already differentiable. The belly of the cat clearly shows its advanced state of gestation and the movements and kicks of its pups are noted with increasing intensity.
All these signs warn the end of the journey for the mininos in the womb. The day of the birth of the cat is approaching, which will occur around the 65th day of gestation. By then, their puppies will have exceeded ten centimeters in length and their weight will be around 85 to 100 grams.
The birth of the cat
A week before the birth of the cat, the female is already preparing carefully for this crucial moment. The future mother will need a quiet, quiet place that can be in darkness and removed from the passage of people. The ideal place will be a secluded room.
It is advisable to prepare a paritor for the cat, with a box and towels or blankets. In this space you can not miss food or fresh water at all times.
The arrival of the puppies will be announced in several ways. On the one hand, the female's body temperature drops below 39 ° C. In addition, his intense meowing will be another signal to warn of the arrival of cat pups.
The pregnancy of your cat
Like us, cats have fertility spikes in which they can get pregnant: it is what is known as "being in heat". The cats are in heat once every three weeks, so there is a lot of chance that your pet will get pregnant!
If you want to avoid an unexpected litter of kittens, we recommend sterilizing your cat before her first heat, since she can get pregnant very easily from that moment. Since raising a litter can be stressful for your cat and expensive for you, we recommend leaving the breeding to the experts (if possible).
The pregnancy of a cat usually lasts between 63 and 67 days, but it can be difficult to know exactly how long she has been pregnant. The gestation period of a cat can vary from a minimum of 61 days to a maximum of 72 days.
It is likely that your cat does not show any physical symptoms of pregnancy until a few weeks before delivery. If you think your cat is pregnant, take her to the vet to confirm.
If you want to know how to recognize for yourself if your cat is pregnant, there are several physical signs that you can detect from the second or third week.
How to know if a cat is pregnant
- Approximately, after 15 18 days of gestation of your cat, you will notice that her breasts increase in size and redden.
- As with morning sickness in women, pregnant cats can go through a stage of vomiting. If you notice that your nausea increases or that you suffer from any other discomfort, contact your veterinarian.
- And your cat's belly will start to swell, but avoid touching her so as not to hurt her or her kittens. There may be other causes for abdominal swelling: watch your cat closely for any signs of illness and consult your veterinarian if you are worried.
- A future mom will gradually gain between 1 and 2 kg of weight (depending on the number of kittens she expects): this is an obvious sign that she is pregnant.
- Cats usually experience an increased appetite during pregnancy, which will also contribute to their weight gain. Increased appetite can also be a sign of worms or disease, so you should consult your veterinarian to confirm it.
- Your cat may become more motherly, in the sense that it purrs more and demands additional attention from you.
- Some veterinarians can diagnose pregnancy by ultrasound, sometimes from the first 15 days of gestation. It is possible that, on day 40 of gestation, the veterinarian can also tell you how many kittens your cat expects. Keep in mind that in the pregnancy of a cat, a larger kitten can hide other smaller ones in the womb, so you can find more kittens than you expected!
Although your cat should be fully capable of taking care of childbirth on her own, make sure you are prepared when the final stretch of your pregnancy approaches. It is good to stay by her side to help her with reassuring words, and intervene if complications arise.
There are several signs that indicate that kittens are on their way.
Age and weight of animals to cross
While the mines usually have their first heat around 6 months of age, should not become pregnant until they reach their full physical development.
It is not advisable to cross them before they reach the year and a half. If they get pregnant before that time, they will never reach normal growth. As for the male, it is also advisable to wait until 18 months.
The weight of the cat should be ideal for an adult specimen according to race and sex. Obese or too thin cats may have problems both during pregnancy and during childbirth and breeding. Very fat males, meanwhile, tend to be less fertile.
Health Status of the Pigs
Both the female and the male must have made a previous visit to the veterinarian to check that their state of health is optimal. Thus, you must make sure that the animals do not present any infectious disease. Especially:
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
- Feline leukemia
- Feline infectious peritonitis
But also the professional must rule out genetic problems how:
- Hip dysplasia
- Polycystic kidney
- Patellar dislocation
Empathy of the future cat couple
Beyond the size and race of the mininos, do not forget to take their personalities into account. To achieve a good cross in cats it is also important the empathy between them.
In this way it is much more likely that the female does not reject the male at the time of riding.
Further, surely the character of the parents will be inherited by the offspring. So pay attention also to this aspect.
It is important that you always consult the veterinarian to advise you on each subject, according to the race and the physical and personality characteristics of your pussycat.
The fate of the young
A fundamental issue before deciding that your pet is reproduced in who will take care of the offspring.
And here we reload the inks on the issue of responsibility. Abandonment or sacrifice are not valid options, of course.
So, before the cat is pregnant, the good destiny of the kittens must be decided. For example:
- If they are distributed among human “parents”.
- If you are looking for a good home among family or friends.
- If they offer them for adoption to people who commit to cu>Author: Felipe Zamora
Once all these aspects have been considered, it is only necessary to wait for the cat in question to get into heat. And surely she will ensure that the moment is clearly recognized.
Ideally, the ride takes place in the home of the mine so that everything develops with more tranquility and comfort for the female and the cross has a better chance of being successful.
Assure your cat a good pregnancy and have everything ready for the time of delivery, according to the veterinarian's instructions.
If all goes well, 63 days later the offspring will be born. But that is already the subject for another article.
Signs that childbirth is imminent
- If your cat refuses food, is restless and looks for a secluded place to settle, it may be because her birth is about to begin.
- Your cat's body temperature will drop to approximately 37.8 ° C between 12 and 24 hours before the start of delivery.
- Just before giving birth, the mother can meow more, be agitated and want to lick constantly.
- Childbirth should start with strong abdominal contractions, followed by a certain amount of vaginal discharge. If the discharge is thick and black, or bloody, tell your veterinarian.
- After this secretion, the kittens will not wait!
Most feline deliveries run smoothly and you will not have to intervene. There are some signs, such as secretion with spots or effort from the mother without the arrival of the kittens, which may suggest complications. If you notice these signs or have any other concerns, talk to your veterinarian. See our guide on childbirth and birth in cats for more information on the birth of cats.