We know that the animal that runs faster is the Cheetah but which one jumps higher? The most efficient jumper position is held by the cougar, which can reach up to 4 meters. It is the fourth largest mammal on earth after the tiger, the lion and the jaguar. He lives in America, its tail measures between 65 and 80 centimeters and weighs between 35 and 100 kilos.
Other animals that beat height records are the jumping gazelle jump 3 meters high, without even taking momentum, while the flea It is the one that is hoisted higher in relation to its weight, with a mark of 30 centimeters.
How to compare them
There are two ways to know which species has the highest jump of all wildlife.
The first is to measure the height you can reach, although this criterion favors large animals.
The second option takes into account jump heightin relationon withbody size.
As either of the two ways you can give us a ranking from very different jumpers, let's start with the first criterion.
Springs in the pties
A first copy in this classification is the jumping gazelle, who lives in southeast Africa.
This antelope is hunted by eagles, tigers, lions and wild dogs, so you must jump very high to escape.
Among his survival tactics is to perform a series of jumps with the rigid legs, with which he reaches some two meters Tall.
In this family also highlights the impala, who is said to be the antelope that jumps highest of the whole species, with a record of three meters.
Another member of this species is the hopper, which has a more delicate appearance and lives in mountainous areas of southeast and east Africa.
They have powerful hind legs that make it easy for them to climb rocky areas, as well as a particular ability to walk on tiptoe.
It is often said that hoppers reach 7.6m high, but this may be a legend.
Continuing with mammals we found a group with a well-known reputation for jumping: rabbits and hares.
According to environmentalist John Flux, hares can jump more than rabbits, because they are bigger.
Flux is based on statistics collected at the beginning of the 20th century by Gerald Edwin Hamilton Barrett-Hamilton, a renowned expert in natural history, who documented that brown hares reached heights of 4,5m in his jumps
Those reports also indicate that white-tailed hares can jump up to 6.4m, thus becoming true champions of high jump among animals.
These herbivores have a light skull, a large heart and their muscles concentrate dark red meat that contains a lot of oxygen.
"This makes the hares very good athletes and, consequently, they are good jumpers," says Flux.
In addition to his athletic abilities, their legs have extended tendons, which gives them that amazing energy to jump.
The same goes for the kangaroo rats, whose elongated rear legs allow it to rise 2.75m, something very striking if you consider that weigh 128 grams.
Despite their name, these mammals from the deserts of the United States are not related to the famous kangaroos of Australia. However, these rats have developed a similar method of propulsion, using their long tails as a stabilization mechanism.
In the case of red kangaroos, their propellant system is not based on muscles with a lot of oxygen, but on elastic tendons that allow them to travel long distances through the forests in Australia, looking for food or water.
As usual jump 1,5m, and it has been said that have reached up to 3m, which places them in the same category as the impala, but not as tall as the hares.
Jumping on the waves
There are also big jumpers in the sea.
He spinner dolphin, whose name is due to the ringlets it makes when rising over water, gets to jump at the same height as the kangaroos, about 3m above the surface, but it does so in very different conditions, so they cannot be compared.
The dolphin twists its body underwater, to generate a rotational force that allows it to make quick turns on the surface.
It is not clear why dolphins jump so much, although some researchers suggest that this activity is related to their communication mechanism.
Additionally, that allows them to get rid of roars or parasites that stick to their skin to feed.
While some jump to escape their predators, others do it to hunt their prey.
Everyone who has a pet cat knows how they jump on a mouse, a little bird in the garden or even on the light of a laser pointer. His wild ancestors act the same.
For example, him serval He lives in southeast Africa and can reach a height of 1.5m to catch a bird in flight.
In that sense, one can imagine that a larger cat can reach a higher altitude.
The biggest cat on the planet is the Siberian Tiger, which is believed to be able to reach 4m in a jump.
This could be verified in 2007 at the San Francisco Zoo, when a specimen of this species managed to overcome a wall of 3.8m to attack some visitors, killing one person.
Despite this, it is possible that slightly smaller cats are the highest jumping of all this species.
We refer to cougars, that although they are not technically "big cats" - because they do not roar like lions or tigers - they have similar measures: standing on two legs they can measure 90cm high to the shoulders and weigh up to 62kg.
Their hind legs are powerful, and allow them a range of 5.5m of a jump, according to researcher Claude Barnes records, in 1960.
If that report is true, no cat jumps higher than a cougar.
If the white-tailed rabbit is the champion of animals because of the altitude they reach, how about those who jump distances infinitely greater than their sizes?
Let's look at the desert lobster, which use muscles located at the joints of their knees to catapult until they reach heights of 25cm.
In that category are also the cercopoids, tiny insects 6 millimeters in size that jump up to 70cm, thanks to their specialized hind legs.
Special mention deserves the fleas, capable of jumping 200 times its own size.
For it they use their hind limbs as levers with multiple joints. First they cling to the ground, crouch and use the muscles as stores of proteins that give them energy.
When they release this energy, the legs function as springs to make it fly at high altitude.
Cat fleas are said to jump 20cm, while dog fleas reach 25cm.
These are large dimensions if you consider that these are insects that can hardly be detected with the naked eye.
In addition to these great jumpers are the copepods, which swim in the oceans as part of the aquatic zooplankton.
These small crustaceans are about 3 millimeters long, and in the muscles of their four or five pairs of legs they can produce 10 times more strength than any other animal.
Copepods develop a speed close to 1,000 times the size of your body per second.
That speed is not something that Usain Bolt has been able to exhibit in any of his participations in the Olympic Games.
Impala, up to 4 meters high
Impalas are recognized for their amazing speedIn fact, although they are prey to experienced predators such as lions, they are not as easy to hunt. These beautiful creatures are too fast for their wild captors, who get bored of chasing them and opt for other kinds of strategies. An impala can, in a single leap forward, travel up to 9 meters long and, vertically, up to 4 m.
Also known as salivazo, this insect of peculiar pints, in attempts to overcome more and more, can jump up to 100 times its size. Although they are heavy to perform this feat, they make use of all their body strength in each jump, being one of the highest jumping animals in the world. I can't even jump two meters and I try so hard!
Puma, can reach 5 meters high
The cougar has a great ability to run and jump. It is a strong and vigorous animal that can jump horizontally up to 12 meters, accompanied by 5 m of verticality. It reaches speeds of 80 km / h and has very powerful rear legs. Likewise, the cougar spends much of his time stretching his legs, as if preparing every day for a marathon.
Flea, jump to survive
The flea is an insect of the "itchy flower" type, only in its case it is the insect that jumps and itches from skin to skin like a nomad. They love to hide among the fur of dogs, horses and cats, and although they are tiny, you can see them fly from one place to another. His catapult style movements are performed because they have a spring type mechanism on their legs, that after holding the ground with its spines, this mechanism is released and causes them to go off to their next destination. Although fleas constitute the nightmare of their hosts, by this extraordinary quality they are part of the highest jumping animals in the world.
Dolphin, one of the best jumpers
It is a spectacle to see dolphins fly through the air with that joy that characterizes them. Between one dive and another, an average dolphin can jump up to 7 meters out of the water. In the nature of this animal, there is a habit of constantly jumping, combining it with swimming underwater. Dolphins jump for many reasons, to spot next dams, save energy, communicate or simply show that they are happy. If you want to discover more curiosities about dolphins, don't miss our article!
Tree frog, jump 150 times its size
Frogs, especially of this type, are like rubber. They are very elastic and they have perfectly designed muscles to jump more than 150 times their own height. They always have their hind legs fully flexed and when it's time to jump, they use all their strength to fully stretch them and get a great boost.
Mountain goat, jump up to 40 meters of cliff
How they enjoy jumping between a dangerous rock and another! Mountain goats are heavy animals but with great agility and strength. They can jump up to 40 meters down the cliff, and horizontally you can jump up to almost 4 m in a giant step. These animals that jump most in the world can withstand such long distances, in a single jump and without harming themselves, because they have special and fully ergonomic concave pads that cushion the fall, reduce damage and relieve pressure on their legs.
Rabbits, they need to jump to be happy
Many people who have rabbits as pets and keep them inside cages or enclosed spaces do not know that rabbits are animals that love to jump and that express joy through the jump. In the ideal world outside the cages, these adorable creatures jump to look for food, to escape predators and are specialists in diverting obstacles. Some rabbits can jump up to 1.5 meters high and hit 3 m horizontal jumps. If you enjoy the company of one of these rodents, check out our article on basic rabbit care and offer the best quality of life.
Red kangaroo, moves by jumping
And how to forget the famous kangaroo? These creatures have been created to experience the jump as a form of displacement, instead of walking or being expert runners. The Kangaroos they can jump at a speed of 60 km / h and pass, without any effort, obstacles 3 meters high. These marsupials use the tail as a fifth leg that helps them move faster and faster.
Kangaroo rat, the most jumping rodent
These rodents are called kangaroo because of their long hind legs, made for the art of jumping, and that allows them to quickly propel each jump. In all the opportunities they have to separate from the ground, kangaroo rats can exceed the length of their body about 28 times and are the most jumping rodents of all. In this way, in addition to being the prettiest rodents in their entire family, kangaroo rats are part of the list of highest-jumping animals in the world.
If you want to read more articles similar to The 10 animals that jump higher, we recommend that you enter our Curiosities section of the animal world.
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