Diarrhea in dogs may contain soft stools, which is common in these animals. Very often it could be due to a food allergy or the change of com>
- Assess the situation to determine the possible cause of diarrhea, for example, is the dog being medicated or ate pizza from the trash? Worms are also a common cause of diarrhea and dogs can easily acquire them by being outdoors in the grass or near the feces of other dogs. Some worms are visible in dog feces (tapeworm looks like a grain of rice and sometimes it becomes round worms that look like spaghetti) and others are not. If the worms are visible you can buy a dewormer available without a prescription. Not all worms are visible and not all can be treated with a dewormer. Intestinal parasites that are not worms such as Giardia can cause diarrhea in a dog. A faecal test at the veterinarian's office can detect any type of worm or intestinal parasite. Diarrhea can also result from the ingestion of some type of poison or chemicals. If it is suspected that any type of poison was ingested as a cleaning product, plant or food, veterinary attention should be sought immediately. It can also be derived from several diseases such as colitis, pancreatitis or a kidney infection.
- Feed the dog with smaller portions of homemade food by giving it a soft diet 2 to 3 times a day. Start with white rice and one or two tablespoons of homemade cheese. If the pet does not want this you can add some minced meat making sure to rinse it after cooking to remove the fat. Low-fat meats such as chicken or cooked turkey can be used but red meats are better. Oatmeal can be substituted for rice and 1 to 3 teaspoons of yogurt can be added to aid in digestion.
- Continue feeding with a soft diet until the diarrhea disappears and a few days later.
- Return with the food that you normally consumed within a week in small quantities and, if the diarrhea is repeated, a fairly common situation, you should change the food another that indicates that it is for dogs with sensitive stomachs or go on a diet homemade. Many veterinarians also recommend adding a small amount of canned squash in food permanently as an additional source of fiber to harden stool.
- If the diarrhea does not disappear within a few days of applying the above steps, veterinary attention should be sought. The veterinarian will take a stool sample and prescribe an antibiotic like Metronidazole.
Tips and warnings
• Do not feed the dog with leftovers>
• Be sure to keep cleaning products and other chemicals out of their reach and try to control their activities while you are away, especially if you have watered the lawn with fertilizers, insecticides or rat poison. These are common causes of diarrhea and can be toxic.
• If the dog has more than three or four episodes of uncontrollable diarrhea in a 24-hour period or the stool contains blood or is black and tarry, veterinary attention should be sought immediately. If in addition to this you have vomiting, fever, lethargy or are not eating, you should seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. There are several conditions that can cause diarrhea and require professional attention such as a viral infection, intestinal parasites or colitis.
• Consult with a veterinarian before administering any human dewormer such as Imodium AD, Kaopectate or an integral remedy.
• Ensure that the pet is ingesting enough water to avoid defrosting>